Streak Hall of Fame
18

7DIB3

柴田裕子

110081 XP#268151 549.
1869#12695
5407

Learning English from Japanese

Level 25 · 110081 XP
80081 XP beyond level 25

Crowns: 505/852
67.6% complete · 230 sessions to L1 tree · 68 days to go

Skills: 96/142
68% complete

Lessons: 462/695
66.5% complete · 68 days to go
2022-02-09
! !
Lexemes: 3354/4550
You discovered 74% of available words/lexemes
?
Strength: 95%
76191460

Created: 2016-08-18
Last Goal: 2021-12-03
Daily Goal: 20 XP
Timezone: UTC+9

Last update: 2021-11-29 12:32:12 GMT+3


207401728

XP per Skill (4 weeks)raw

カフェで
 
自己紹介
 
自宅
45XP
都市
45XP
昼食
45XP
日常生活
44XP
人物
45XP
仕事
 
家族
 
アパート
 
食べ物
 
電車の旅
 
買い物
 
パーティー
 
方向
 
天気
 
私の一日
 
デート
 
週末
 
友達
 
スポーツ
 
レストラン
 
観光
 
パーティー2
 
休み
 
ホテル
 
学校で
 
料理
 
牧場
 
ピクニック
 
健康
 
オフィス
 
祝日
 
用事
 
大学
 
先週
 
過去の話
 
動物園
 
デパート
 
イギリス
 
友達作り
 
家探し
 
実家
 
昨夜
 
予定
 
才能
 
忙しい日
 
キャンプ
 
世界旅行
 
家事
 
人間関係
 
天気予報
 
偉人
 
首都
 
病院
 
カフェ
 
経験
 
ホテル 2
 
家の掃除
 
調理
 
噂話
 
友情
 
警察署
 
キャリア
 
文句
 
暇なとき
 
健康な生活
 
食料品店
 
アドバイス
 
お祝い
 
冒険
 
会話
 
新居
 
忘れもの
 
お金
 
外食
 
大変な日
 
近所
 
映画
 
なんて日だ
 
飛行機
 
スポーツ2
 
家族2
 
自然
 
旅行会社
 
のみの市
 
楽しい一日
 
電話中
 
教育
 
服装
 
人生
 
電子機器
 
文学
 
面接
 
レシピ
 
ニュース
 
公共交通
 
言い訳
 
意見
 
夏休み
 
買い物2
 
仕事2
 
市内観光
 
健康2
 
家事2
 
寝る時間
 
犯罪
 
習慣
 
ヨーロッパ
 
オンライン
 
フェス
 
おしゃべり
 
銀行
 
結婚
 
イタリア
 
道に迷う
 
シドニー
 
今週やること
 
日常生活2
 
日常生活3
 
人1
 
私の町
 
動詞1
 
副詞1
 
場所1
 
都市で
 
限定詞
 

 
動詞2
 
教育2
 
過去
 
不定詞
 
過去2
 
行動
 
比較
 
過去3
 
不定詞2
 
行動2
 
外で
 
動名詞
 
アート
 
健康 3
 

Skills by StrengthCrownsDateNameOriginal Order

  • 1670053149
    6.186カフェで0 @ 100%1218/18 ••• Practice
    and · coffee · hat · hello · muffin · neat · salad · soda · tea · welcome
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    6.186自己紹介0 @ 100%2118/18 ••• Practice
    Australia · I · am · beautiful · bite · from · good morning · is · nice to meet you · ping
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    6.246自宅0 @ 100%2224/24 ••• Practice
    by · car · far · house · is · my · that · this · this is · your
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    6.246都市25 @ 75%3124/24 ••• Practice
    city · cute · let's go to · mall · museum · near · the · where · win · zoo
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    6.246昼食0 @ 100%4124/24 ••• Practice
    dollar · dollars · good afternoon · hamburger · how much · hungry · loud · one · tour · two
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    6.246日常生活0 @ 100%4224/24 ••• Practice
    English · a lot · cook · day · every · look · read · really · seed · work
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    6.246人物25 @ 75%4324/24 ••• Practice
    a · am · dad · doctor · dog · friend · mom · my · student · teacher
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    6.306仕事0 @ 100%5230/30 ••• Practice
    at · busy · calendar · company · man · manager · office · on · park · works
    10 words
  • 147408748617.09.2016
    6.306家族0 @ 100%6130/30 ••• Practice
    Japanese · cabs · family · grandma · is · name · of · phase · photo · speak · speaks
    11 words
  • 1670053149
    6.306アパート0 @ 100%7130/30 ••• Practice
    's · apartment · bedroom · live · lives · pretty · price · small · smile · there
    10 words
  • 147175605321.08.2016
    6.306食べ物0 @ 100%7230/30 ••• Practice
    do · eat · favorite · like · pizza · restaurant · site · spicy · year · you
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    6.306電車の旅0 @ 100%8130/30 ••• Practice
    at · hurry · lag · late · leaves · o'clock · platform · rick · ticket · tickets
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    6.306買い物0 @ 100%8230/30 ••• Practice
    coat · here · hip · on sale · shame · shopping · store · t-shirt · ugly · want
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    6.306パーティー0 @ 100%9130/30 ••• Practice
    Tom · birthday · cool · excited · first · hi · i'm · present · say · today
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    6.306方向0 @ 100%10130/30 ••• Practice
    embassy · far · fine · lost · mile · post office · right · say · subway · turn
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    6.306天気25 @ 75%10230/30 ••• Practice
    beach · hot · how · ice cream · july · my · summer · sunny · teach · weather
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    6.306私の一日0 @ 100%11130/30 ••• Practice
    a.m. · egg · face · make · nine · pace · seven · wake up · wash · west
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    6.306デート0 @ 100%12130/30 ••• Practice
    are · date · free · need · phone number · photo · sight · sorry · to take a shower · tonight
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    6.306週末0 @ 100%12230/30 ••• Practice
    basketball · brake · brother · go · goes · on · pay · play · saturday · weekend
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    6.306友達0 @ 100%13130/30 ••• Practice
    Boston · Germany · american · does · he's · japanese · jug · live · stop · teacher
    10 words
  • 149109508602.04.2017
    6.306スポーツ0 @ 100%13230/30 ••• Practice
    let's meet · paint · span · sport · tennis · tie · to play · tuesdays · want · when
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    6.306レストラン0 @ 100%13330/30 ••• Practice
    cans · eight · how many · korean · large · menu · nest · opens · peach · people
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    6.306観光0 @ 100%14130/30 ••• Practice
    Brooklyn bridge · Statue of liberty · closed · may · phase · photos · take · visit · yard · years
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    6.306パーティー20 @ 100%14230/30 ••• Practice
    at · milk · night · now · sat · sugar · think · thirty · thursday · to make
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    6.306休み0 @ 100%15130/30 ••• Practice
    Europe · countries · form · passport · this · to go · to need · to want · warm · write
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    6.306ホテル0 @ 100%16130/30 ••• Practice
    check in · for · from · open · over · ski · speak · tenth · to · understand
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    6.306学校で0 @ 100%16230/30 ••• Practice
    ask · come · difficult · name · now · pat · professors · sit down · study · write
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    6.306料理0 @ 100%17130/30 ••• Practice
    are · beef · cheese · meat · monday · then · they · tomato · tomatoes · ton
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    6.306牧場0 @ 100%18130/30 ••• Practice
    cash · doesn't · farms · fish · horse · lap · parent · ride · their · town
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    6.306ピクニック0 @ 100%18230/30 ••• Practice
    band · but · drive · driving · fifteen · have a picnic · let's · picnic · sandwiches · wednesdays
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    6.306健康0 @ 100%18330/30 ••• Practice
    bag · dead · dentist · fever · has · headache · ok · problem · sick · toothache
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    6.306オフィス0 @ 100%19230/30 ••• Practice
    email · floor · flying · front desk · important · meeting · next to · scream · send · skyscraper
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    6.306祝日0 @ 100%19330/30 ••• Practice
    Independence day · New year's day · barbecue · fireworks · first · fourth · january · joke · midnight · sight
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    5.025用事0 @ 100%2012/4•• ••• Practice Test out
    all day · close · groceries · have to · hunter · later · letter · stamps · tell · to
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    5.015大学0 @ 100%2021/4 ••• Practice Test out
    ache · business · chemistry · geography · major · math · question · sixteen · sixteenth · studies
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    5.015先週0 @ 100%2111/4 ••• Practice Test out
    boyfriends · called · clean · cousin · hour · last · meat · tv show · visited · watched
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    5.025過去の話0 @ 100%2212/4•• ••• Practice Test out
    Vancouver · actors · actress · lived · seventeen · soup · theaters · tour guide · walked · worked
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    5.015動物園0 @ 100%2221/4 ••• Practice Test out
    animal · be careful · dangerous · eighteen · eye · lion · purple · strange · than · weigh
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    5.015デパート0 @ 100%2311/4 ••• Practice Test out
    belt · can · cheaper · department store · doll · necklace · nineteen · popular · sweater · twenty-one
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    5.015イギリス0 @ 100%2321/4 ••• Practice Test out
    Big ben · London · april · british · capital · drank · on vacation · pub · saw · see
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    5.015友達作り0 @ 100%2411/4 ••• Practice Test out
    are · arrive · brag · bring · february · forgot · neighbor · parties · second · something
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    5.005家探し0 @ 100%2510/4 ••• Practice Test out
    cook · going to · meter · move · neighborhoods · nice · nicer · one hundred · rent · roommate
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    5.005実家0 @ 100%2520/4 ••• Practice Test out
    air · aren't · dusty · floors · hometown · place · quiet · repair · roof · vacuum cleaner
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    5.005昨夜0 @ 100%2530/4 ••• Practice Test out
    actor · did · horror · last night · lots of · nachos · quarter past · started · wanted · were
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    5.005予定0 @ 100%2610/4 ••• Practice Test out
    bored · everyone · going to · grandparents · plan · schedule · school · somewhere · them · to be
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    5.005才能0 @ 100%2620/4 ••• Practice Test out
    can · can you · can't · enjoy · genre · instruments · jazz · juice · violin · well
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    5.005忙しい日0 @ 100%2710/4 ••• Practice Test out
    boss · charge · get · get dressed · gum · jobs · late for · partner · shave · toast
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    5.005キャンプ0 @ 100%2720/4 ••• Practice Test out
    boot · both · camping · campsite · cracker · going to · path · when · who is going to · you
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    5.005世界旅行0 @ 100%2810/4 ••• Practice Test out
    China · Shanghai · didn't · fly · have a good time · look · safe · temple · the great wall · traveling
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    5.005家事0 @ 100%2820/4 ••• Practice Test out
    chores · feed · go for a walk · hate · messy · pet food · talk · tidy up · water · will
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    5.005人間関係0 @ 100%2830/4 ••• Practice Test out
    born · enjoyed · ex-girlfriend · girl · nineteen ninety · older · oldest · small · smarter · smartest
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    5.005天気予報0 @ 100%2910/4 ••• Practice Test out
    be · coat · cold · degrees · radio · rain · raincoat · sunny · temperatures · weather forecast
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    5.005偉人0 @ 100%2920/4 ••• Practice Test out
    act · artists · black and white · for a long time · lack · nineteen fifty · nineteen thirties · nineteen thirty · nineteen twenty-two · talented
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    5.005首都0 @ 100%3010/4 ••• Practice Test out
    ask for directions · first · inside · sides · sidewalk · south · traffic light · union · united states · washington, d.c.
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    5.015病院0 @ 100%3021/4 ••• Practice Test out
    actually · best · feel · looking for · magazines · mr. · ms. · past · waiting room · what happened
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    5.005カフェ0 @ 100%3030/4 ••• Practice Test out
    allergic · latte · music · soy milk · studied · study · vegan · vegetarian · what · what can i get for you
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    5.005経験0 @ 100%3110/4 ••• Practice Test out
    Africa · Kenya · climbed · has · have · lived · time · traveled · visited · volcano
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    5.005ホテル 20 @ 100%3120/4 ••• Practice Test out
    check out · double room · good evening · in advance · make · night · reservation · trouble · view · wifi
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    5.025家の掃除0 @ 100%3212/4•• ••• Practice Test out
    clam · cleaned · have · i've · ironed · lexeme dump nouns · opened · washed · we've · you've
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    5.015調理0 @ 100%3311/4 ••• Practice Test out
    come · going to go · half-price · how to · list · oil · pepper · recipe · some · what
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    5.005噂話0 @ 100%3320/4 ••• Practice Test out
    all morning · badminton · bake · baking · doing · eating · play · was · what was · yesterday
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    5.015友情0 @ 100%3411/4 ••• Practice Test out
    'll · 's · are · aren't · is · kind · lend · police officer · text · will
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    5.005警察署0 @ 100%3510/4 ••• Practice Test out
    accident · and then · detective · it · lexeme dump verbs · rang · telephone · was · well · when
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    5.005キャリア0 @ 100%3520/4 ••• Practice Test out
    's · been · ex-husband · hasn't · mechanic · occupation · pilot · since · station · thousand
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    5.005文句0 @ 100%3610/4 ••• Practice Test out
    chip · complain · hers · ketchup · no · noisy · said · what's wrong · your · yours
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    5.005暇なとき0 @ 100%3710/4 ••• Practice Test out
    beginner · free time · fry · go out · good at · kid · playground · skate · well · when
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    5.005健康な生活0 @ 100%3720/4 ••• Practice Test out
    carrot · drinking · eating · good for · grape · health · math · pear · should · shouldn't
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    5.005食料品店0 @ 100%3810/4 ••• Practice Test out
    a few · cart · cream · fast food · grilled · how many · how much · lemon · mango · yogurt
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    5.005アドバイス0 @ 100%3910/4 ••• Practice Test out
    degree · don't · exam · grade · graduate · grow · hard · if · pass · vocabulary
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    5.005お祝い0 @ 100%3920/4 ••• Practice Test out
    almost · amazing · christmas eve · happy new year · merry christmas · new year's eve · there isn't · what · yellow · yours
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    1.001冒険50 @ 50%4010/5 ••• Practice Test out
    South africa · area · baby · grass · hope · if · math · national · will · won't
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    1.001会話0 @ 100%4020/5 ••• Practice Test out
    busy · conversation · haircut · how · isn't it · it · lime · long time no see · think · to
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    0.000新居75 @ 25%403 +5 lessons +30 lexemes0/5 ••• Learn Test out
    carpet · doorbell · fence · grew · grow · had to · plumber · recently · rent · since
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    0.000忘れもの75 @ 25%411 +5 lessons +29 lexemes0/5 ••• Learn Test out
    close · know · lose · lost · notebook · ruler · scissors · short · that · where
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    0.000お金75 @ 25%412 +5 lessons +30 lexemes0/5 ••• Learn Test out
    bill · check · coin · gas · if · included · percent · point · signature · tax
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    0.000外食75 @ 25%421 +5 lessons +27 lexemes0/5 ••• Learn Test out
    appetizer · decide · eaten · going · start · still · thai · to start · until · will
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    0.000大変な日75 @ 25%431 +5 lessons +28 lexemes0/5 ••• Learn Test out
    cut · dropped · head · hit · hug · oops · put · sharp · shut · warp
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    0.000近所75 @ 25%432 +5 lessons +30 lexemes0/5 ••• Learn Test out
    aren't you · birth · couple · guy · never · next-door · pile · rat · what's the deal with · who
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    0.000映画75 @ 25%441 +5 lessons +27 lexemes0/5 ••• Learn Test out
    award · die · in love · lead · play · scene · take place · which · who · wow
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    0.000なんて日だ75 @ 25%442 +5 lessons +29 lexemes0/5 ••• Learn Test out
    be · burn · oversleep · overslept · run · shame · start · stomachache · wept · worried
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    0.000飛行機75 @ 25%451 +5 lessons +32 lexemes0/5 ••• Learn Test out
    battery · boarding pass · class · delayed · down · emergency exit · flight · remember to · take off · why
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    0.000スポーツ275 @ 25%452 +5 lessons +22 lexemes0/5 ••• Learn Test out
    anybody · coach · competition · doesn't · exciting · face · field · member · racket · rugby
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    0.000家族275 @ 25%462 +5 lessons +26 lexemes0/5 ••• Learn Test out
    beard · blond · color · look like · men · parts · shirt · short · tall · who's
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    0.000自然75 @ 25%471 +5 lessons +26 lexemes0/5 ••• Learn Test out
    anywhere · cloud · down · duck · log · pond · proud · sky · somewhere · up · walk · woods
    12 words
  • 1670053149
    0.000旅行会社75 @ 25%472 +5 lessons +25 lexemes0/5 ••• Learn Test out
    South korea · book · class · difference · fully booked · guest · include · information · myself · receptionist
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    0.000のみの市75 @ 25%473 +5 lessons +25 lexemes0/5 ••• Learn Test out
    advertisement · armchair · average · crowd · empty · flea market · message · monthly · secondhand · variety
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    0.000楽しい一日75 @ 25%481 +5 lessons +29 lexemes0/5 ••• Learn Test out
    found · hey · how about · instead · latest · mind · sound · sure · type · you all
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    0.000電話中75 @ 25%482 +5 lessons +27 lexemes0/5 ••• Learn Test out
    available · business card · contact information · correct · detail · is · make · may · phone call · zero
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    0.000教育75 @ 25%491 +5 lessons +28 lexemes0/5 ••• Learn Test out
    alphabet · could · elementary school · meaning · memory · middle school · quiz · quizzes · schoolchild · start · studies · teaching · training · uniform
    14 words
  • 1670053149
    0.000服装75 @ 25%492 +5 lessons +30 lexemes0/5 ••• Learn Test out
    costume party · dark · fashion · light · made of · suit · tight · when · while · wool
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    0.000人生75 @ 25%501 +5 lessons +27 lexemes0/5 ••• Learn Test out
    activity · could · didn't · flute · grew up · kite · nearly · swim · turtle · what age
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    0.000電子機器75 @ 25%502 +5 lessons +26 lexemes0/5 ••• Learn Test out
    click on · folder · for · mouse · paper · program · scanner · speaker · tell · virus
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    0.000文学75 @ 25%503 +5 lessons +24 lexemes0/5 ••• Learn Test out
    author · book club · handsome · king · literature · mystery · poem · so much · the day after tomorrow · war
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    0.000面接75 @ 25%511 +5 lessons +23 lexemes0/5 ••• Learn Test out
    a little bit of · advertising · begin · extremely · good luck · hardworking · interview · introduce · pleased to meet you · résumé
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    0.000レシピ75 @ 25%521 +5 lessons +29 lexemes0/5 ••• Learn Test out
    be · buying · course · isn't · mix · ounce · pea · pound · says · so
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    0.000ニュース75 @ 25%522 +5 lessons +26 lexemes0/5 ••• Learn Test out
    according to · all sorts of · article · crime · go · on · politician · there will be · turn · website
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    0.000公共交通75 @ 25%531 +5 lessons +30 lexemes0/5 ••• Learn Test out
    can · can't · easily · easy to · lexeme dump verbs · on the train · one-way · pass · right-hand · ticket machine
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    0.000言い訳75 @ 25%532 +5 lessons +25 lexemes0/5 ••• Learn Test out
    alarm clock · all the time · bottom · change of clothes · excuse · on foot · reason · several · was going to · wasn't going to
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    0.000意見75 @ 25%533 +5 lessons +27 lexemes0/5 ••• Learn Test out
    badly · canadian · chapter · do you think · one of · opinion · part · since · sure that · the movies
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    0.000夏休み75 @ 25%541 +5 lessons +27 lexemes0/5 ••• Learn Test out
    New zealand · aren't there · isn't there · lexeme dump nouns 2 · may · ninth · no · packed · unpack · use
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    0.000買い物275 @ 25%542 +5 lessons +25 lexemes0/5 ••• Learn Test out
    away · dresser · drill · less · said · shelf · shelves · sure · wheel · wood
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    0.000仕事275 @ 25%551 +5 lessons +25 lexemes0/5 ••• Learn Test out
    as soon as possible · as usual · because of · business person · carefully · copy machine · fix · project · regular · work on
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    0.000市内観光75 @ 25%552 +5 lessons +24 lexemes0/5 ••• Learn Test out
    across · architect · at what time · do you see · pick up · show around · stand · stood · that's where · where
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    0.000健康275 @ 25%561 +5 lessons +25 lexemes0/5 ••• Learn Test out
    allergy · ask · aspirin · blood · check this box · cough · felt · pill · sore · take a seat
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    0.000家事275 @ 25%571 +5 lessons +24 lexemes0/5 ••• Learn Test out
    by itself · front door · hall · has got to · have got to · heat · lightbulb · pipe · plunger · rug
    10 words
  • 1670053149
    0.000寝る時間75 @ 25%572 +5 lessons +24 lexemes0/5 ••• Learn Test out
    asleep · crib · fairy tale · little · lullaby · lullaby to · picture book · read · shh · these days
    10 words
  • 1670053149
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0.039

基本1 updated 2018-10-25

Duolingoへようこそ!毎日コツコツと一緒に勉強していきましょう。

今回は基本編です。

英語の動詞は主語や時制などによって変化します。この変化を活用といいます。

Be動詞

活用の種類 例文
主語(一人称単数)・時制(現在) I am a man
主語(三人称単数)・時制(現在) He is a man

一般動詞(drink、eatなど多数)

主語 例文
主語(一人称単数)・時制(現在) I drink water
主語(三人称単数)・時制(現在) He drinks water

「3単現のs」というように、三人称単数で現在形の時は動詞に-sをつける活用が多いです。※ただし、英語の活用には例外(不規則活用)がたくさんあります。


可算名詞、不可算名詞

man(男の人)や apple (リンゴ)のように、数えられる名詞を可算名詞と言い、「一つの〜」という時は「a」を付けます。一方、water(水)のように、数えられない名詞は不可算名詞と言います。bread (パン)や meat(肉)のように、一見数えられそうな名詞なのに不可算名詞という場合もあります。

基本4 updated 2020-08-12

Duolingoへようこそ!毎日コツコツと一緒に勉強していきましょう。

今回は基本編です。

英語の動詞は主語や時制などによって変化します。この変化を活用といいます。

Be動詞

活用の種類 例文
主語(一人称単数)・時制(現在) I am a man
主語(三人称単数)・時制(現在) He is a man

一般動詞(drink、eatなど多数)

主語 例文
主語(一人称単数)・時制(現在) I drink water
主語(三人称単数)・時制(現在) He drinks water

「3単現のs」というように、三人称単数で現在形の時は動詞に-sをつける活用が多いです。※ただし、英語の活用には例外(不規則活用)がたくさんあります。


可算名詞、不可算名詞

man(男の人)や apple (リンゴ)のように、数えられる名詞を可算名詞と言い、「一つの〜」という時は「a」を付けます。一方、water(水)のように、数えられない名詞は不可算名詞と言います。bread (パン)や meat(肉)のように、一見数えられそうな名詞なのに不可算名詞という場合もあります。

複数形 updated 2021-02-16

英語では数えられる名詞(=可算名詞)を単数形か複数形かで区別します。

例:

  • I eat an apple (一つのリンゴ)
  • I eat two apples (二つのリンゴ)
  • I eat apples (いくつかのリンゴ)

このように、最後に-sを付ける活用が多いです。※例外もあります。

aan

ほとんどの場合、oneの代わりにはaを使います(oneは数を強調する場合のみ)。また、aのすぐ後の名詞が母音で始まる場合はaの代わりにanを使います。例:an elephant, an apple, an hour.

助数詞は?

日本語では一頭の象、二匹の猫、三羽のアヒル、というように対象によって助数詞が変化しますが、英語の場合は大抵の場合、one elephant, two cats, three ducksというように簡単に表せます。

代名詞目的格 updated 2021-02-16

英語では、「〜に」「〜を」にあたる部分を目的格といいます。

例文

I call him Ichiro.

(訳: 私は彼をイチローと呼ぶ。)

上の例文では、Iが主格、himが目的格です。

活用表

主格 (は) 目的格 (に/を)
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
Ichiro Ichiro
we us
they them

よく使われるフレーズ updated 2021-03-09

hello(=こんにちは)や、thank you(=ありがとう)など、基礎的な挨拶を学びましょう。

所有格 updated 2021-03-09

英語の文中で、「〜は」にあたる主語になる格を主格、「〜の」にあたる所有を表す格を所有格といいます。

例文

I have your dog.

(訳: 私はあなたの犬を持っています。)

上の例文では、I が主格、yoursが所有格です。

活用表

主格 (は) 所有格 (の) 所有代名詞 (のもの)
I my mine
you your yours
he his his
she her hers
it its its
Ichiro Ichiro's Ichiro's
we our ours
they their theirs

限定詞 updated 2021-03-09

日本語の「こそあど」に対応する単語について少し整理しておきましょう。

(1)this(単数形)と these(複数形) = 「これ/この

話者の目の前やそれに準ずる近いと感じられる距離にある物や人

  • Can you see this sheet of paper? This is a menu. 「この紙切れが見えます?これはメニューです」

または現実に目の前にない・そもそも存在していなくても心理的に話者に近いと判断できる物や人

  • Are you on this side? 「君はこっち側かね?」(議論とか、何かの対立の場面で)

(2) that(単数形)と those(複数形) = 「それ/その」か「あれ/あの

話者から遠いと感じられる距離にある物や人。日本語では聞き手に近い「それ・その」と聞き手からも遠い「あれ・あの」に分かれます。

  • Take that sheet of paper. That is a menu. 「その紙切れを取ってください。それはメニューです」
  • Look at that sheet of paper on the wall. That is a menu. 「壁にかかったあの紙切れを見てください。あれはメニューです」

心理的に遠いものや、回想の中でも that を使います。

  • We got married on that day. 「その(あの)日、私たちは結婚した」

(3)it(単数形)と they(複数形) =原則としてそれ

距離とはまったく関係なく、既に話題に挙がった物や人を指します。日本語の「それ」にはたまたま同じ用法がありますので、訳として対応することになりますが、that の訳としての「それ」とは区別してください。

ちなみに「既に話題に挙がった物や人」という意味での「その」に相当するのが定冠詞の the です。

  • Tom sees a sheet of paper on the table. He takes the sheet of paper in his hand. It is a menu. 「トムはテーブルの上に紙切れがあるのを見かけます。彼はその紙切れを手に取ります。それはメニューです」(小説みたいな書き方ですが)

  • や 2. の例文で書いた "This is a menu" も "That is a menu" も「既に話題に挙がっているもの」を指しているので "It is a menu" と言い換えられるため、この場合は it =「これ」や「あれ」という訳になります。

しかしこれは文脈があって初めて成り立つ訳なので、"It is a menu" という文章を単独で訳す場合では「それ」を使うのが適切です。実際に it の訳を「これ」や「あれ」と回答された場合は上記の区別ができていないと判断して不正解となります。ご注意ください。

動詞:未来完了形 updated 2021-03-09

will have + 過去分詞で、

  • 未来に何かが完了していることを予想(「〜しているだろう」)
  • 何かを経験・継続していることを予想(「〜することになるだろう」)

することを表現できます。これを未来完了形と言います。


8 skills with tips and notes

 
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