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676388 XP#12402
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2314.

Learning Hawaiian from English

Level 25 · 236607 XP
206607 XP beyond level 25

Tree: L0
37000010
1.4% complete · 141 sessions to L1 Tree · 26 days to go

Crowns: 5/228
2% complete · 223 crowns to go

Skills: 1/38
3% complete

Lessons: 2/143
1.4% complete · 141 sessions to L1 Tree · 26 days to go
2022-09-04

Lexemes: 14/799
You discovered 1% of available words/lexemes

Strength: 100%
100037

Created: 2021-04-17
Last Goal: 2022-08-09
Daily Goal: 20 XP
Timezone: UTC-5

Last update: 2022-06-28 18:37:47 GMT+3


760967174

XP per Skill (4 weeks)raw

Intro 1
28XP
Determiners
 
Greetings and Goodbyes
 
Polite Expressions
 
Personal Detail
 
ʻOhana
 
Weather
 
Household
 
Likes & Dislikes
 
Food 1
 
Numbers 1
 
Dates
 
Telling Time
 
Food 2
 
Basic Directions
 
Leisure Activities
 
Making Purchases
 
Ordering Food
 
Habits
 
Determiners 2
 
O and A Class
 
Home Life
 
ʻOhana 2
 
Social Interactions
 
Numbers 2
 
School 1
 
ʻOhana 3
 
School 2
 
Sports
 
Playing Music
 
Exercise
 
Making Purchases 2
 
Directions 2
 
Likes & Dislikes 2
 
Health & Body Care
 
Mental Wellness
 
Body Care
 
Describing People
 

Skills by StrengthCrownsDateNameOriginal Order

  • 165292664219.05.2022 •••   5.005Intro 10 @ 100%110/2
    ae · aloha · e · e · hele · honolulu · kawika · kaʻiulani · lei · mahalo · prior knowledge (proper nouns) · ʻae · ʻai · ʻaʻole · ʻōlelo
    15 words

    Aloha!

    Welcome to the Hawaiian course!

    Hawaiian spelling

    ʻOkina

    The ʻ you will see in words like ʻae and ʻaʻole (yes and no), is called the ʻokina. The ʻokina is a glottal stop, which can be compared to the stopping of your voice between uh and oh in uh-oh. (The name of this letter literally translates to "cutting off, separation".)

    Kahakō

    The ¯ you will see in words like ʻōlelo (language, speak) and kāne (man) is called the kahakō. The kahakō prolongs a vowel.

    It is important not to forget an ʻokina or a kahakō, because the word could have a very different meaning without them.

    E

    Imperative E

    E is used before an action to signify a command or a suggestion. When you say, "E hele!", you're telling someone to "Go!"

    Vocative E

    E is used before a noun (usually a person) to indicate that the person is being addressed.

    Ex. Mahalo, e Kawika. (Thanks, Kawika.) ➜ You are saying thanks to Kawika.

    Mahalo

    Mahalo is taught in this skill to express gratitude, to say "thank you", but it can also mean "to admire".

    Lei

    You may be familiar with the word lei as a noun but you'll notice that the word "lei" in this skill can also be used as a verb. This is quite common in ʻōlelo Hawaiʻi.

  • 1691590541 ••• Test out   0.000Determiners100210/4 +4 lessons +14 lexemes
    hale · ka · kaikamahine · ke · keiki · keiki kāne · kēia · kēlā · noho · · wahine · wāhine
    12 words

    Determiners

    Ke vs. Ka

    "Ka", "Ke" and "Nā" are determiners that can sometimes be translated as "the". Use ke when the noun that follows begins with the letters K, E, A, or O. Use ka with almost all others! This is commonly referred to as the KEAO rule. Warning: there will be exceptions (don't worry, we'll let you know which ones they are!).

    Plurals: nā

    is only used to say "the" when the noun is plural. Certain words like "wahine" are pronounced with a longer "ā" when plural and hence spelled with a kahakō (macron), "wāhine".

    Kēlā & Kēnā

    "Kēlā" and "Kēnā" both mean "that". The difference is kēlā refers to "that" which is away from the listener and kēnā refers to "that" which is near the listener. Cultural note of interest: Hawaiians are keenly aware of space and time.

    So in terms of distance from the speaker, remember this order: kēia - kēnā - kēlā. (this - that (near the listener) - that over there)

  • 1691590541
    •••   0.000Greetings and Goodbyes100310/3 +3 lessons +15 lexemes
    a hui hou · au · hauʻoli · ia · kākou · kāua · maikaʻi · mālama · ou · pehea · pono · ʻo · ʻoe
    13 words

    Aloha

    Aloha is used to express the feeling one feels when greeting someone or departing (it may be love, sorrow, joy, etc.). Therefore, this greeting of "aloha" always includes the speaker because "aloha" begins with the one who says it.

    Personal Pronouns

    "We"

    ʻŌlelo Hawaiʻi has a few extra pronouns, in this skill you are introduced to two pronouns used for "we" which includes the listener. Think about it like, kāua= "you and I" = "WE 2" and kākou = "all of you and me" = "WE ALL". Eventually, you will learn that we also have two more pronouns for we that exclude the listener (māua and mākou).

    ʻo ia

    The subject pronouns "he" and "she" are always marked with the subject marker ʻo.

  • 1691590541
    •••   0.000Polite Expressions100320/3 +3 lessons +9 lexemes
    akua · auē · hui · iesū · kala · mai · pū · ʻana
    8 words

    "Mai" directs the action toward the speaker and follows the action. "Mai" can also follow a few of the verbs in the Intro skill; hele, ʻōlelo and lei.

  • 1691590541
    •••   0.000Personal Detail100410/3 +3 lessons +18 lexemes
    aha · haumāna · he · hea · inoa · kona · kou · koʻu · kumu · kāne · mahiʻai · mākaʻi · no · wai · ʻo
    15 words

    ʻO wai

    "ʻO" marks the proper noun subject but is also part of this particular grammatical structure.

    ʻO wai kou inoa. literally means "Who is your name?".

  • 1691590541
    •••   0.000ʻOhana100510/4 +4 lessons +18 lexemes
    akamai · hawaiʻi · iu · kou · lōʻihi · makua kāne · makuahine · pōkole · tūtū kāne · tūtū wahine · uʻi · ʻanakala · ʻanakē · ʻohana · ʻoluʻolu
    15 words
  • 1691590541
    •••   0.000Weather100520/3 +3 lessons +19 lexemes
    anilā · anuanu · hū · i · ikiiki · kai · lā · makani · mao · mālie · nani · o · polalauahi · ua · wela · ʻōmalumalu
    16 words

    O

    This "O" without the ʻokina (glottal stop) means "of".

    I

    The "i" used in this skill is used to mark a time phrase.

    Polalauahi

    Polalauahi translates to "vog, haze" or the adjectives "voggy, hazy". Vog (don't confuse it with fog) is a contraction of volcano smog; it refers to the air pollution caused by a volcano.

  • 1691590541
    •••   0.000Household100610/5 +5 lessons +26 lexemes
    aia · hoʻihoʻi · hoʻomaʻemaʻe · hoʻopio · hoʻā · i · kelepona · kukui · kī · lumi kuke · lumi moe · ma · mea · moe · noho · pani · papahele · puka · puka aniani · pākaukau · pāʻani · wehe
    22 words
  • 1691590541
    •••   0.000Likes & Dislikes100710/5 +5 lessons +30 lexemes
    a i ʻole · a me · hala kahiki · hea · heʻe nalu · hoa hānau · hou · hua ʻai · hula · hā · hīmeni · iʻa · kinipōpō · lau ʻai · maiʻa · makemake · manakō · nau · poʻe · puni · pīʻai · uliuli · ʻawa · ʻulaʻula · ʻīlio · ʻōhelo papa
    26 words
  • 1691590541
    •••   0.000Food 1100810/5 +5 lessons +29 lexemes
    huʻihuʻi · inu · kalo · kope · kuke · kuki kokoleka · kōʻala · laiki · lau · laulau · moa · nui · palaoa · pia · poi · poke · puaʻa kālua · puhi · pūlehu · wai · wai hua ʻai · waiū · ʻono · ʻuala · ʻulu
    25 words
  • 1691590541
    •••   0.000Numbers 1100820/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    hoʻokahi · makaaniani · pāpale · ʻehia · ʻehiku · ʻehā · ʻekolu · ʻelima · ʻelua · ʻeono
    10 words
  • 1691590541
    •••   0.000Dates100910/4 +4 lessons +24 lexemes
    hānau · hōʻike · lāpule · pōpeku · pōʻahia · pōʻakahi · pōʻakolu · pōʻaono · ʻaha mele · ʻapōpō
    10 words
  • 1691590541
    •••   0.000Telling Time100920/3 +3 lessons +18 lexemes
    ahiahi · hala · hapahā · hapalua · hola · kakahiaka · kani · ʻekahi · ʻumikūmamākahi · ʻumikūmamālua
    10 words
  • 1691590541
    •••   0.000Food 21001010/4 +4 lessons +22 lexemes
    hoʻomoʻa · hua moa · naʻau · naʻaukake · pahi · paila · palai · pipi · puna · ʻō
    10 words
  • 1691590541
    •••   0.000Basic Directions1001020/6 +6 lessons +28 lexemes
    alanui · hale kūʻai · hema · huli · i · kai · uka · waena · ʻaoʻao · ʻākau
    10 words
  • 1691590541
    •••   0.000Leisure Activities1001110/4 +4 lessons +17 lexemes
    hana · hoa · iā · kamaʻilio · kelekiko · kiʻiʻoniʻoni · leʻaleʻa · pāʻani pepa · pāʻani wikiō · pāʻina
    10 words
  • 1691590541
    •••   0.000Making Purchases1001120/4 +4 lessons +25 lexemes
    kanaiwakūmamāiwa · kanalima · keneka · kālā · kūʻai · kūʻai hele · lako · likiki · lole · pepa hāleu
    10 words
  • 1691590541
    •••   0.000Ordering Food1001210/4 +4 lessons +28 lexemes
    i · koloaka · lōpū · meoneki · naʻu · pā mea ʻai · pākē · ua · waiho · ʻoka
    10 words
  • 1691590541
    •••   0.000Habits1001220/5 +5 lessons +23 lexemes
    hoe waʻa · kahi · kēlā me kēia · lauoho · mau · maʻamau · niho · nā lā a pau · palaki · pinepine
    10 words
  • 1691590541
    •••   0.000Determiners 21001230/5 +5 lessons +20 lexemes
    kaʻu · kona · kou · koʻu · kāna · kāu · makua · moʻopuna · tūtū · ʻeke
    10 words

    A vs. O class nouns

    No, weʻre not trying to make things difficult by having two classes of nouns. Hopefully this will clarify any confusion you may have in figuring out when to choose between “A” possessives and “O” possessives.

    It is very important to understand that Hawaiians have a keen understanding of space, time and in this case, relations. Things that are possessed are divided into 2 classes and reflected in the use of the appropriate possessive.

    “O” class possessions include primary relationships; relationships that are in place at birth, akua, makua, kupuna, siblings, cousins, also includes spatial relationships of one’s mauli to objects (often described as being underneath, on top or inside these things) like one’s house, car, canoe, chair, clothes or similar.

    “A” class possessions include secondary relationships; relationships that one chooses, spouse, children, grandchildren, nieces and nephews, also includes things that you can choose to possess. If a possession can be both “O” or “A”, err on the side of “O”.

    The best advice is to follow the examples given or ask if you’re wondering!

  • 1691590541
    •••   0.000O and A Class1001310/3 +3 lessons +19 lexemes
    a · aʻu · kupuna · mākua · o · ona · ou · oʻu · āu · ʻāina
    10 words

    A vs. O class nouns

    No, weʻre not trying to make things difficult by having two classes of nouns. Hopefully this will clarify any confusion you may have in figuring out when to choose between “A” possessives and “O” possessives.

    It is very important to understand that Hawaiians have a keen understanding of space, time and in this case, relations. Things that are possessed are divided into 2 classes and reflected in the use of the appropriate possessive.

    O class possessions include primary relationships; relationships that are in place at birth, akua, makua, kupuna, siblings, cousins, also includes spatial relationships of one’s mauli to objects (often described as being underneath, on top or inside these things) like one’s house, car, canoe, chair, clothes or similar.

    A class possessions include secondary relationships; relationships that one chooses, spouse, children, grandchildren, nieces and nephews, also includes things that you can choose to possess. If a possession can be both “O” or “A”, err on the side of “O”.

    The best advice is to follow the examples given or ask if you’re wondering!

  • 1691590541
    •••   0.000Home Life1001420/3 +3 lessons +16 lexemes
    hoʻoholo · hoʻolohe · kapu ʻauʻau · ke · kinika · kōkua · lua · mele · nei · ʻeleu
    10 words
  • 1691590541
    •••   0.000ʻOhana 21001430/4 +4 lessons +18 lexemes
    hūnōna · kaikaina · kaikuahine · kaikuaʻana · kaikunāne · kolohe · loa · moloā · pohō · ʻeleu
    10 words
  • 1691590541
    •••   0.000Social Interactions1001510/2 +2 lessons +11 lexemes
    aku · ana · holoholo · hui · kāmau · launa · lā · moe hālau · pāʻina · pō
    10 words

    Aku

    The particle aku is the opposite of the particle mai. Aku directs the action away from the speaker. Aku can also often change the meaning of certain verbs.

    Mai English Aku English
    aʻo mai to learn aʻo aku to teach
    kūʻai mai to buy kūʻai aku to sell
    uhaele mai to come uhaele aku to go
  • 1691590541
    •••   0.000Numbers 21001520/3 +3 lessons +16 lexemes
    iwakāluakūmākahi · kanahikukūmālima · ona · ou · oʻu · paikikala · palaka aloha · ʻaʻohe · ʻumikūmāiwa · ʻumikūmākolu
    10 words
  • 1691590541
    •••   0.000School 11001610/5 +5 lessons +34 lexemes
    hāʻawe · kini ʻaiō · kua · kākau · lawe · mea holoi · peni māka · penikala · ʻaina kakahiaka · ʻeke hāʻawe
    10 words
  • 1691590541
    •••   0.000ʻOhana 31001620/3 +3 lessons +11 lexemes
    hānai · kaikamahine hanauna · keiki kāne hanauna · kiuke · kōlea · lūauʻi · makua · moʻopuna · noho · ʻōpio
    10 words
  • 1691590541
    •••   0.000School 21001710/3 +3 lessons +21 lexemes
    heluhelu · hoʻopili · huaʻōlelo · lawe · makemakika · pela · pololei · puana · pīpī holo kaʻao · woela
    10 words
  • 1691590541
    •••   0.000Sports1001720/4 +4 lessons +27 lexemes
    anei · hoʻokūkū · kahului · kaʻi · kime · lanakila · mākou · nō · ʻoukou · ʻuao
    10 words
  • 1691590541
    •••   0.000Playing Music1001730/4 +4 lessons +18 lexemes
    hiku · hoʻokī · hīmeni pū · kaula · koekoe · kī · mele · pila kū nui · puʻukani · ʻaha
    10 words
  • 1691590541
    •••   0.000Exercise1001810/4 +4 lessons +29 lexemes
    a · a laila · holo mālie · holo māmā · hoʻoikaika kino · lele · lele keaka · leleāpoloka · mamao · manawa
    10 words
  • 1691590541
    •••   0.000Making Purchases 21001820/4 +4 lessons +27 lexemes
    hāʻawi · iaʻu · kenikeni · kālā kūʻike · pepa pāiwakālua · pepa pākahi · pepa pālima · pepa pāʻumi · pākete · ʻōkeni
    10 words
  • 1691590541
    •••   0.000Directions 21001920/4 +4 lessons +31 lexemes
    hale pule · hele wāwae · hema · hikina · hoʻokele · kalaiwa · kokoke · komohana · lā · ʻākau
    10 words
  • 1691590541
    •••   0.000Likes & Dislikes 21002010/3 +3 lessons +17 lexemes
    hui hīmeni · lokomaikaʻi · luakaha · luana · nō · paha · pumehana · punahele · punihei · waipahē
    10 words
  • 1691590541
    •••   0.000Health & Body Care1002020/3 +3 lessons +22 lexemes
    hoʻokaʻawale · kau · kaʻawale · kekona · kopa · lima nui · manamana lima · mikilima · mikiʻao · māpoho
    10 words
  • 1691590541
    •••   0.000Mental Wellness1002110/3 +3 lessons +19 lexemes
    hanu · hikaluhi · hoʻohana · hoʻomaha · hoʻomālie · hoʻopio · hā · manawa kaʻawale · noʻonoʻo · ʻenehana
    10 words
  • 1691590541
    •••   0.000Body Care1002120/3 +3 lessons +17 lexemes
    huluhulu · kahi · kokuli · kuʻekuʻe maka · pīlali · ʻaila pale lā · ʻako · ʻumiʻumi · ʻōhiki · ʻūpā
    10 words
  • 1691590541
    •••   0.000Describing People1002130/4 +4 lessons +24 lexemes
    akahai · kiʻekiʻe · konakona · lili · lokomaikaʻi · menehune · naʻauao · nohea · poupou · wīwī
    10 words
0.006

Intro 1 updated 2021-02-15 ^

Aloha!

Welcome to the Hawaiian course!

Hawaiian spelling

ʻOkina

The ʻ you will see in words like ʻae and ʻaʻole (yes and no), is called the ʻokina. The ʻokina is a glottal stop, which can be compared to the stopping of your voice between uh and oh in uh-oh. (The name of this letter literally translates to "cutting off, separation".)

Kahakō

The ¯ you will see in words like ʻōlelo (language, speak) and kāne (man) is called the kahakō. The kahakō prolongs a vowel.

It is important not to forget an ʻokina or a kahakō, because the word could have a very different meaning without them.

E

Imperative E

E is used before an action to signify a command or a suggestion. When you say, "E hele!", you're telling someone to "Go!"

Vocative E

E is used before a noun (usually a person) to indicate that the person is being addressed.

Ex. Mahalo, e Kawika. (Thanks, Kawika.) ➜ You are saying thanks to Kawika.

Mahalo

Mahalo is taught in this skill to express gratitude, to say "thank you", but it can also mean "to admire".

Lei

You may be familiar with the word lei as a noun but you'll notice that the word "lei" in this skill can also be used as a verb. This is quite common in ʻōlelo Hawaiʻi.

Determiners updated 2021-02-15 ^

Determiners

Ke vs. Ka

"Ka", "Ke" and "Nā" are determiners that can sometimes be translated as "the". Use ke when the noun that follows begins with the letters K, E, A, or O. Use ka with almost all others! This is commonly referred to as the KEAO rule. Warning: there will be exceptions (don't worry, we'll let you know which ones they are!).

Plurals: nā

is only used to say "the" when the noun is plural. Certain words like "wahine" are pronounced with a longer "ā" when plural and hence spelled with a kahakō (macron), "wāhine".

Kēlā & Kēnā

"Kēlā" and "Kēnā" both mean "that". The difference is kēlā refers to "that" which is away from the listener and kēnā refers to "that" which is near the listener. Cultural note of interest: Hawaiians are keenly aware of space and time.

So in terms of distance from the speaker, remember this order: kēia - kēnā - kēlā. (this - that (near the listener) - that over there)

Greetings and Goodbyes updated 2021-02-15 ^

Aloha

Aloha is used to express the feeling one feels when greeting someone or departing (it may be love, sorrow, joy, etc.). Therefore, this greeting of "aloha" always includes the speaker because "aloha" begins with the one who says it.

Personal Pronouns

"We"

ʻŌlelo Hawaiʻi has a few extra pronouns, in this skill you are introduced to two pronouns used for "we" which includes the listener. Think about it like, kāua= "you and I" = "WE 2" and kākou = "all of you and me" = "WE ALL". Eventually, you will learn that we also have two more pronouns for we that exclude the listener (māua and mākou).

ʻo ia

The subject pronouns "he" and "she" are always marked with the subject marker ʻo.

Polite Expressions updated 2021-02-15 ^

"Mai" directs the action toward the speaker and follows the action. "Mai" can also follow a few of the verbs in the Intro skill; hele, ʻōlelo and lei.

Personal Detail updated 2021-02-15 ^

ʻO wai

"ʻO" marks the proper noun subject but is also part of this particular grammatical structure.

ʻO wai kou inoa. literally means "Who is your name?".

Weather updated 2021-02-15 ^

O

This "O" without the ʻokina (glottal stop) means "of".

I

The "i" used in this skill is used to mark a time phrase.

Polalauahi

Polalauahi translates to "vog, haze" or the adjectives "voggy, hazy". Vog (don't confuse it with fog) is a contraction of volcano smog; it refers to the air pollution caused by a volcano.

Determiners 2 updated 2021-02-15 ^

A vs. O class nouns

No, weʻre not trying to make things difficult by having two classes of nouns. Hopefully this will clarify any confusion you may have in figuring out when to choose between “A” possessives and “O” possessives.

It is very important to understand that Hawaiians have a keen understanding of space, time and in this case, relations. Things that are possessed are divided into 2 classes and reflected in the use of the appropriate possessive.

“O” class possessions include primary relationships; relationships that are in place at birth, akua, makua, kupuna, siblings, cousins, also includes spatial relationships of one’s mauli to objects (often described as being underneath, on top or inside these things) like one’s house, car, canoe, chair, clothes or similar.

“A” class possessions include secondary relationships; relationships that one chooses, spouse, children, grandchildren, nieces and nephews, also includes things that you can choose to possess. If a possession can be both “O” or “A”, err on the side of “O”.

The best advice is to follow the examples given or ask if you’re wondering!

O and A Class updated 2021-02-15 ^

A vs. O class nouns

No, weʻre not trying to make things difficult by having two classes of nouns. Hopefully this will clarify any confusion you may have in figuring out when to choose between “A” possessives and “O” possessives.

It is very important to understand that Hawaiians have a keen understanding of space, time and in this case, relations. Things that are possessed are divided into 2 classes and reflected in the use of the appropriate possessive.

O class possessions include primary relationships; relationships that are in place at birth, akua, makua, kupuna, siblings, cousins, also includes spatial relationships of one’s mauli to objects (often described as being underneath, on top or inside these things) like one’s house, car, canoe, chair, clothes or similar.

A class possessions include secondary relationships; relationships that one chooses, spouse, children, grandchildren, nieces and nephews, also includes things that you can choose to possess. If a possession can be both “O” or “A”, err on the side of “O”.

The best advice is to follow the examples given or ask if you’re wondering!

Social Interactions updated 2021-02-15 ^

Aku

The particle aku is the opposite of the particle mai. Aku directs the action away from the speaker. Aku can also often change the meaning of certain verbs.

Mai English Aku English
aʻo mai to learn aʻo aku to teach
kūʻai mai to buy kūʻai aku to sell
uhaele mai to come uhaele aku to go

9 skills with tips and notes

 
4.911