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17

QBcu3

山崎宏

232168 XP#98320
551.
1658#27975
14184#22614.

Learning English from Japanese

Level 25 · 232168 XP
202168 XP beyond level 25

Crowns: 386/816
57.4% complete · 285 sessions to L1 tree · 1839 days to go

Skills: 78/136
57% complete

Lessons: 359/671
53.5% complete · 1839 days to go
2027-06-08

Lexemes: 2754/4394
You discovered 63% of available words/lexemes

Strength: 70%
46241848

Created: 2017-10-28
Last Goal: 2022-05-26
Daily Goal: 30 XP
Timezone: UTC+9

Last update: 2022-04-02 05:40:30 GMT+3


328293843

XP per Skill (4 weeks)raw

カフェで
 
自己紹介
 
自宅
 
都市
 
昼食
 
日常生活
 
人物
 
仕事
 
家族
 
アパート
 
食べ物
 
電車の旅
 
買い物
 
パーティー
 
方向
 
天気
 
私の一日
 
デート
 
週末
 
友達
 
スポーツ
 
レストラン
 
観光
 
パーティー2
 
休み
 
ホテル
 
学校で
 
料理
 
牧場
10XP
ピクニック
 
健康
 
オフィス
 
祝日
 
用事
 
大学
 
先週
 
過去の話
 
動物園
 
デパート
 
イギリス
 
友達作り
 
家探し
 
実家
 
昨夜
 
予定
 
才能
 
忙しい日
 
キャンプ
 
世界旅行
 
家事
 
人間関係
 
天気予報
 
偉人
 
首都
 
病院
 
カフェ
 
経験
 
ホテル 2
 
家の掃除
 
調理
 
噂話
 
友情
 
警察署
 
キャリア
 
文句
 
暇なとき
 
健康な生活
 
食料品店
 
アドバイス
 
お祝い
 
冒険
 
会話
 
新居
 
忘れもの
 
お金
 
外食
 
大変な日
 
近所
 
映画
 
なんて日だ
 
飛行機
 
スポーツ2
 
家族2
 
自然
 
旅行会社
 
のみの市
 
楽しい一日
 
電話中
 
教育
 
服装
 
人生
 
電子機器
 
文学
 
面接
 
レシピ
 
ニュース
 
公共交通
 
言い訳
 
意見
 
夏休み
 
買い物2
 
仕事2
 
市内観光
 
健康2
 
家事2
 
寝る時間
 
犯罪
 
習慣
 
ヨーロッパ
 
オンライン
 
フェス
 
おしゃべり
 
銀行
 
結婚
 
イタリア
 
道に迷う
 
シドニー
 
今週やること
 
同窓会
 
大使館
 
ハロウィーン
 
来学期
 
プロム
 
新しい仕事
 
あの頃
 
サファリ
 
ビュッフェ
 
好きな本
 
試験
 
親族
 
大学生活
 
通勤
 
テレビ
 
ネット通販
 
車の旅
 
歯医者
 

Skills by StrengthCrownsDateNameOriginal Order

  • 1685126181 •••   6.186カフェで0 @ 100%1218/18
    and · coffee · hat · hello · muffin · neat · salad · soda · tea · welcome
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   6.186自己紹介0 @ 100%2118/18
    Australia · I · am · beautiful · bite · from · good morning · is · nice to meet you · ping
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   6.246自宅25 @ 75%2224/24
    by · car · far · house · is · my · that · this · this is · your
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   6.246都市50 @ 50%3124/24
    city · cute · let's go to · mall · museum · near · the · where · win · zoo
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   6.246昼食25 @ 75%4124/24
    dollar · dollars · good afternoon · hamburger · how much · hungry · loud · one · tour · two
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   6.246日常生活0 @ 100%4224/24
    English · a lot · cook · day · every · look · read · really · seed · work
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   6.246人物50 @ 50%4324/24
    a · am · dad · doctor · dog · friend · mom · my · student · teacher
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   6.306仕事25 @ 75%5230/30
    at · busy · calendar · company · man · manager · office · on · park · works
    10 words
  • 150918384928.10.2017 •••   6.306家族25 @ 75%6130/30
    Japanese · cabs · family · grandma · is · name · of · phase · photo · speak · speaks
    11 words
  • 1685126181 •••   6.306アパート25 @ 75%7130/30
    's · apartment · bedroom · live · lives · pretty · price · small · smile · there
    10 words
  • 150918384928.10.2017 •••   6.306食べ物25 @ 75%7230/30
    do · eat · favorite · like · pizza · restaurant · site · spicy · year · you
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   6.306電車の旅25 @ 75%8130/30
    at · hurry · lag · late · leaves · o'clock · platform · rick · ticket · tickets
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   6.306買い物25 @ 75%8230/30
    coat · here · hip · on sale · shame · shopping · store · t-shirt · ugly · want
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   6.306パーティー25 @ 75%9130/30
    Tom · birthday · cool · excited · first · hi · i'm · present · say · today
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   6.306方向25 @ 75%10130/30
    embassy · far · fine · lost · mile · post office · right · say · subway · turn
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   6.306天気50 @ 50%10230/30
    beach · hot · how · ice cream · july · my · summer · sunny · teach · weather
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   6.306私の一日25 @ 75%11130/30
    a.m. · egg · face · make · nine · pace · seven · wake up · wash · west
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   6.306デート25 @ 75%12130/30
    are · date · free · need · phone number · photo · sight · sorry · to take a shower · tonight
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   6.306週末50 @ 50%12230/30
    basketball · brake · brother · go · goes · on · pay · play · saturday · weekend
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   6.306友達25 @ 75%13130/30
    Boston · Germany · american · does · he's · japanese · jug · live · stop · teacher
    10 words
  • 151754157702.02.2018 •••   6.306スポーツ25 @ 75%13230/30
    let's meet · paint · span · sport · tennis · tie · to play · tuesdays · want · when
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   6.306レストラン25 @ 75%13330/30
    cans · eight · how many · korean · large · menu · nest · opens · peach · people
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   6.306観光25 @ 75%14130/30
    Brooklyn bridge · Statue of liberty · closed · may · phase · photos · take · visit · yard · years
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   6.306パーティー225 @ 75%14230/30
    at · milk · night · now · sat · sugar · think · thirty · thursday · to make
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   6.306休み25 @ 75%15130/30
    Europe · countries · form · passport · this · to go · to need · to want · warm · write
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   6.306ホテル25 @ 75%16130/30
    check in · for · from · open · over · ski · speak · tenth · to · understand
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   6.306学校で25 @ 75%16230/30
    ask · come · difficult · name · now · pat · professors · sit down · study · write
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   6.306料理25 @ 75%17130/30
    are · beef · cheese · meat · monday · then · they · tomato · tomatoes · ton
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005牧場25 @ 75%1810/4 +5 lessons +10 lexemes
    cash · doesn't · farms · fish · horse · lap · parent · ride · their · town
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005ピクニック25 @ 75%1820/4 +5 lessons +8 lexemes
    band · but · drive · driving · fifteen · have a picnic · let's · picnic · sandwiches · wednesdays
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005健康25 @ 75%1830/4 +5 lessons +8 lexemes
    bag · dead · dentist · fever · has · headache · ok · problem · sick · toothache
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005オフィス25 @ 75%1920/4 +5 lessons +5 lexemes
    email · floor · flying · front desk · important · meeting · next to · scream · send · skyscraper
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005祝日25 @ 75%1930/4 +5 lessons +6 lexemes
    Independence day · New year's day · barbecue · fireworks · first · fourth · january · joke · midnight · sight
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005用事0 @ 100%2010/4
    all day · close · groceries · have to · hunter · later · letter · stamps · tell · to
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005大学25 @ 75%2020/4
    ache · business · chemistry · geography · major · math · question · sixteen · sixteenth · studies
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005先週25 @ 75%2110/4
    boyfriends · called · clean · cousin · hour · last · meat · tv show · visited · watched
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.015過去の話25 @ 75%2211/4
    Vancouver · actors · actress · lived · seventeen · soup · theaters · tour guide · walked · worked
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005動物園25 @ 75%2220/4
    animal · be careful · dangerous · eighteen · eye · lion · purple · strange · than · weigh
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005デパート25 @ 75%2310/4
    belt · can · cheaper · department store · doll · necklace · nineteen · popular · sweater · twenty-one
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005イギリス25 @ 75%2320/4
    Big ben · London · april · british · capital · drank · on vacation · pub · saw · see
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005友達作り25 @ 75%2410/4
    are · arrive · brag · bring · february · forgot · neighbor · parties · second · something
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005家探し25 @ 75%2510/4
    cook · going to · meter · move · neighborhoods · nice · nicer · one hundred · rent · roommate
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005実家25 @ 75%2520/4
    air · aren't · dusty · floors · hometown · place · quiet · repair · roof · vacuum cleaner
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005昨夜25 @ 75%2530/4
    actor · did · horror · last night · lots of · nachos · quarter past · started · wanted · were
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005予定25 @ 75%2610/4
    bored · everyone · going to · grandparents · plan · schedule · school · somewhere · them · to be
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005才能25 @ 75%2620/4
    can · can you · can't · enjoy · genre · instruments · jazz · juice · violin · well
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005忙しい日25 @ 75%2710/4
    boss · charge · get · get dressed · gum · jobs · late for · partner · shave · toast
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005キャンプ25 @ 75%2720/4
    boot · both · camping · campsite · cracker · going to · path · when · who is going to · you
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005世界旅行25 @ 75%2810/4
    China · Shanghai · didn't · fly · have a good time · look · safe · temple · the great wall · traveling
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005家事25 @ 75%2820/4
    chores · feed · go for a walk · hate · messy · pet food · talk · tidy up · water · will
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005人間関係25 @ 75%2830/4
    born · enjoyed · ex-girlfriend · girl · nineteen ninety · older · oldest · small · smarter · smartest
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005天気予報25 @ 75%2910/4
    be · coat · cold · degrees · radio · rain · raincoat · sunny · temperatures · weather forecast
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005偉人25 @ 75%2920/4
    act · artists · black and white · for a long time · lack · nineteen fifty · nineteen thirties · nineteen thirty · nineteen twenty-two · talented
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005首都25 @ 75%3010/4
    ask for directions · first · inside · sides · sidewalk · south · traffic light · union · united states · washington, d.c.
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005病院25 @ 75%3020/4
    actually · best · feel · looking for · magazines · mr. · ms. · past · waiting room · what happened
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005カフェ25 @ 75%3030/4
    allergic · latte · music · soy milk · studied · study · vegan · vegetarian · what · what can i get for you
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005経験25 @ 75%3110/4
    Africa · Kenya · climbed · has · have · lived · time · traveled · visited · volcano
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005ホテル 225 @ 75%3120/4
    check out · double room · good evening · in advance · make · night · reservation · trouble · view · wifi
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.015家の掃除25 @ 75%3211/4
    clam · cleaned · have · i've · ironed · lexeme dump nouns · opened · washed · we've · you've
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005調理25 @ 75%3310/4
    come · going to go · half-price · how to · list · oil · pepper · recipe · some · what
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005噂話25 @ 75%3320/4
    all morning · badminton · bake · baking · doing · eating · play · was · what was · yesterday
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005友情25 @ 75%3410/4
    'll · 's · are · aren't · is · kind · lend · police officer · text · will
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005警察署25 @ 75%3510/4
    accident · and then · detective · it · lexeme dump verbs · rang · telephone · was · well · when
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005キャリア25 @ 75%3520/4
    's · been · ex-husband · hasn't · mechanic · occupation · pilot · since · station · thousand
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005文句25 @ 75%3610/4
    chip · complain · hers · ketchup · no · noisy · said · what's wrong · your · yours
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005暇なとき25 @ 75%3710/4
    beginner · free time · fry · go out · good at · kid · playground · skate · well · when
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005健康な生活25 @ 75%3720/4
    carrot · drinking · eating · good for · grape · health · math · pear · should · shouldn't
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005食料品店25 @ 75%3810/4
    a few · cart · cream · fast food · grilled · how many · how much · lemon · mango · yogurt
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005アドバイス25 @ 75%3910/4
    degree · don't · exam · grade · graduate · grow · hard · if · pass · vocabulary
    10 words
  • 1685126181 •••   5.005お祝い25 @ 75%3920/4
    almost · amazing · christmas eve · happy new year · merry christmas · new year's eve · there isn't · what · yellow · yours
    10 words
  • 1685126181 Test out •••   1.001冒険75 @ 25%4010/5
    South africa · area · baby · grass · hope · if · math · national · will · won't
    10 words
  • 1685126181 Test out •••   1.001会話75 @ 25%4020/5
    busy · conversation · haircut · how · isn't it · it · lime · long time no see · think · to
    10 words
  • 1685126181 Test out •••   1.001新居75 @ 25%4030/5
    carpet · doorbell · fence · grew · grow · had to · plumber · recently · rent · since
    10 words
  • 1685126181 Test out •••   1.001忘れもの75 @ 25%4110/5
    close · know · lose · lost · notebook · ruler · scissors · short · that · where
    10 words
  • 1685126181 Test out •••   1.001お金75 @ 25%4120/5
    bill · check · coin · gas · if · included · percent · point · signature · tax
    10 words
  • 1685126181 Test out •••   1.001外食75 @ 25%4210/5
    appetizer · decide · eaten · going · start · still · thai · to start · until · will
    10 words
  • 1685126181 Test out •••   1.001大変な日75 @ 25%4310/5
    cut · dropped · head · hit · hug · oops · put · sharp · shut · warp
    10 words
  • 1685126181 Test out •••   1.001近所75 @ 25%4320/5
    aren't you · birth · couple · guy · never · next-door · pile · rat · what's the deal with · who
    10 words
  • 1653590181Learning: Test out •••   0.020映画75 @ 25%4412/5•• +3 lessons +17 lexemes
    award · die · in love · lead · play · scene · take place · which · who · wow
    10 words
  • 1685126181 Test out •••   0.000なんて日だ75 @ 25%4420/5 +5 lessons +29 lexemes
    be · burn · oversleep · overslept · run · shame · start · stomachache · wept · worried
    10 words
  • 1685126181 Test out •••   0.000飛行機75 @ 25%4510/5 +5 lessons +32 lexemes
    battery · boarding pass · class · delayed · down · emergency exit · flight · remember to · take off · why
    10 words
  • 1685126181 Test out •••   0.000スポーツ275 @ 25%4520/5 +5 lessons +22 lexemes
    anybody · coach · competition · doesn't · exciting · face · field · member · racket · rugby
    10 words
  • 1685126181 Test out •••   0.000家族275 @ 25%4620/5 +5 lessons +26 lexemes
    beard · blond · color · look like · men · parts · shirt · short · tall · who's
    10 words
  • 1685126181 Test out •••   0.000自然75 @ 25%4710/5 +5 lessons +26 lexemes
    anywhere · cloud · down · duck · log · pond · proud · sky · somewhere · up · walk · woods
    12 words
  • 1685126181 Test out •••   0.000旅行会社75 @ 25%4720/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    South korea · book · class · difference · fully booked · guest · include · information · myself · receptionist
    10 words
  • 1685126181 Test out •••   0.000のみの市75 @ 25%4730/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    advertisement · armchair · average · crowd · empty · flea market · message · monthly · secondhand · variety
    10 words
  • 1685126181 Test out •••   0.000楽しい一日75 @ 25%4810/5 +5 lessons +29 lexemes
    found · hey · how about · instead · latest · mind · sound · sure · type · you all
    10 words
  • 1653590181Learning: Test out •••   0.030電話中75 @ 25%4823/5••• +2 lessons +11 lexemes
    available · business card · contact information · correct · detail · is · make · may · phone call · zero
    10 words
  • 1685126181
    •••   0.000教育1004910/5 +5 lessons +33 lexemes
    alphabet · could · elementary school · meaning · memory · middle school · quiz · quizzes · schoolchild · start · studies · teaching · training · uniform
    14 words
  • 1685126181
    •••   0.000服装1004920/5 +5 lessons +34 lexemes
    costume party · dark · fashion · light · made of · suit · tight · when · while · wool
    10 words
  • 1685126181
    •••   0.000人生1005010/5 +5 lessons +34 lexemes
    activity · could · didn't · flute · grew up · kite · nearly · swim · turtle · what age
    10 words
  • 1685126181
    •••   0.000電子機器1005020/5 +5 lessons +35 lexemes
    click on · folder · for · mouse · paper · program · scanner · speaker · tell · virus
    10 words
  • 1685126181
    •••   0.000文学1005030/5 +5 lessons +33 lexemes
    author · book club · handsome · king · literature · mystery · poem · so much · the day after tomorrow · war
    10 words
  • 1685126181
    •••   0.000面接1005110/5 +5 lessons +30 lexemes
    a little bit of · advertising · begin · extremely · good luck · hardworking · interview · introduce · pleased to meet you · résumé
    10 words
  • 1685126181
    •••   0.000レシピ1005210/5 +5 lessons +33 lexemes
    be · buying · course · isn't · mix · ounce · pea · pound · says · so
    10 words
  • 1685126181
    •••   0.000ニュース1005220/5 +5 lessons +32 lexemes
    according to · all sorts of · article · crime · go · on · politician · there will be · turn · website
    10 words
  • 1685126181
    •••   0.000公共交通1005310/5 +5 lessons +33 lexemes
    can · can't · easily · easy to · lexeme dump verbs · on the train · one-way · pass · right-hand · ticket machine
    10 words
  • 1685126181
    •••   0.000言い訳1005320/5 +5 lessons +32 lexemes
    alarm clock · all the time · bottom · change of clothes · excuse · on foot · reason · several · was going to · wasn't going to
    10 words
  • 1685126181
    •••   0.000意見1005330/5 +5 lessons +31 lexemes
    badly · canadian · chapter · do you think · one of · opinion · part · since · sure that · the movies
    10 words
  • 1685126181
    •••   0.000夏休み1005410/5 +5 lessons +32 lexemes
    New zealand · aren't there · isn't there · lexeme dump nouns 2 · may · ninth · no · packed · unpack · use
    10 words
  • 1685126181
    •••   0.000買い物21005420/5 +5 lessons +30 lexemes
    away · dresser · drill · less · said · shelf · shelves · sure · wheel · wood
    10 words
  • 1685126181
    •••   0.000仕事21005510/5 +5 lessons +30 lexemes
    as soon as possible · as usual · because of · business person · carefully · copy machine · fix · project · regular · work on
    10 words
  • 1685126181
    •••   0.000市内観光1005520/5 +5 lessons +32 lexemes
    across · architect · at what time · do you see · pick up · show around · stand · stood · that's where · where
    10 words
  • 1685126181
    •••   0.000健康21005610/5 +5 lessons +29 lexemes
    allergy · ask · aspirin · blood · check this box · cough · felt · pill · sore · take a seat
    10 words
  • 1685126181
    •••   0.000家事21005710/5 +5 lessons +27 lexemes
    by itself · front door · hall · has got to · have got to · heat · lightbulb · pipe · plunger · rug
    10 words
  • 1685126181
    •••   0.000寝る時間1005720/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    asleep · crib · fairy tale · little · lullaby · lullaby to · picture book · read · shh · these days
    10 words
  • 1685126181
    •••   0.000犯罪1005730/5 +5 lessons +28 lexemes
    caught · caught by · criminal · have · hear about · million · ran away · rob · robbed · run away
    10 words
  • 1685126181
    •••   0.000習慣1005810/5 +5 lessons +26 lexemes
    are they · aren't they · garden center · is · isn't · much too · normal · plan · spare time · such as
    10 words
  • 1685126181
    •••   0.000ヨーロッパ1005820/5 +5 lessons +29 lexemes
    Lisbon · Portugal · airplane · break · sun · supper · synagogue · visa · when · with
    10 words
  • 1685126181
    •••   0.000オンライン1005910/5 +5 lessons +27 lexemes
    account · blog · create · edit · password · post · profile · register · up-to-date · upload
    10 words
  • 1685126181
    •••   0.000フェス1006010/5 +5 lessons +28 lexemes
    admission fee · celebrity · cultural · musical · performance · pop · take place · there will be · will there be · yearly
    10 words
  • 1685126181
    •••   0.000おしゃべり1006020/5 +5 lessons +27 lexemes
    been to · cappuccino · comfy · doing · how are you doing · it's nice to see you · ok · smile · wave · yeah
    10 words
  • 1685126181
    •••   0.000銀行1006030/5 +5 lessons +28 lexemes
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0.039

基本1 updated 2018-10-25

Duolingoへようこそ!毎日コツコツと一緒に勉強していきましょう。

今回は基本編です。

英語の動詞は主語や時制などによって変化します。この変化を活用といいます。

Be動詞

活用の種類 例文
主語(一人称単数)・時制(現在) I am a man
主語(三人称単数)・時制(現在) He is a man

一般動詞(drink、eatなど多数)

主語 例文
主語(一人称単数)・時制(現在) I drink water
主語(三人称単数)・時制(現在) He drinks water

「3単現のs」というように、三人称単数で現在形の時は動詞に-sをつける活用が多いです。※ただし、英語の活用には例外(不規則活用)がたくさんあります。


可算名詞、不可算名詞

man(男の人)や apple (リンゴ)のように、数えられる名詞を可算名詞と言い、「一つの〜」という時は「a」を付けます。一方、water(水)のように、数えられない名詞は不可算名詞と言います。bread (パン)や meat(肉)のように、一見数えられそうな名詞なのに不可算名詞という場合もあります。

基本4 updated 2020-08-12

Duolingoへようこそ!毎日コツコツと一緒に勉強していきましょう。

今回は基本編です。

英語の動詞は主語や時制などによって変化します。この変化を活用といいます。

Be動詞

活用の種類 例文
主語(一人称単数)・時制(現在) I am a man
主語(三人称単数)・時制(現在) He is a man

一般動詞(drink、eatなど多数)

主語 例文
主語(一人称単数)・時制(現在) I drink water
主語(三人称単数)・時制(現在) He drinks water

「3単現のs」というように、三人称単数で現在形の時は動詞に-sをつける活用が多いです。※ただし、英語の活用には例外(不規則活用)がたくさんあります。


可算名詞、不可算名詞

man(男の人)や apple (リンゴ)のように、数えられる名詞を可算名詞と言い、「一つの〜」という時は「a」を付けます。一方、water(水)のように、数えられない名詞は不可算名詞と言います。bread (パン)や meat(肉)のように、一見数えられそうな名詞なのに不可算名詞という場合もあります。

複数形 updated 2021-02-16

英語では数えられる名詞(=可算名詞)を単数形か複数形かで区別します。

例:

  • I eat an apple (一つのリンゴ)
  • I eat two apples (二つのリンゴ)
  • I eat apples (いくつかのリンゴ)

このように、最後に-sを付ける活用が多いです。※例外もあります。

aan

ほとんどの場合、oneの代わりにはaを使います(oneは数を強調する場合のみ)。また、aのすぐ後の名詞が母音で始まる場合はaの代わりにanを使います。例:an elephant, an apple, an hour.

助数詞は?

日本語では一頭の象、二匹の猫、三羽のアヒル、というように対象によって助数詞が変化しますが、英語の場合は大抵の場合、one elephant, two cats, three ducksというように簡単に表せます。

代名詞目的格 updated 2021-02-16

英語では、「〜に」「〜を」にあたる部分を目的格といいます。

例文

I call him Ichiro.

(訳: 私は彼をイチローと呼ぶ。)

上の例文では、Iが主格、himが目的格です。

活用表

主格 (は) 目的格 (に/を)
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
Ichiro Ichiro
we us
they them

よく使われるフレーズ updated 2021-03-09

hello(=こんにちは)や、thank you(=ありがとう)など、基礎的な挨拶を学びましょう。

所有格 updated 2021-03-09

英語の文中で、「〜は」にあたる主語になる格を主格、「〜の」にあたる所有を表す格を所有格といいます。

例文

I have your dog.

(訳: 私はあなたの犬を持っています。)

上の例文では、I が主格、yoursが所有格です。

活用表

主格 (は) 所有格 (の) 所有代名詞 (のもの)
I my mine
you your yours
he his his
she her hers
it its its
Ichiro Ichiro's Ichiro's
we our ours
they their theirs

限定詞 updated 2021-03-09

日本語の「こそあど」に対応する単語について少し整理しておきましょう。

(1)this(単数形)と these(複数形) = 「これ/この

話者の目の前やそれに準ずる近いと感じられる距離にある物や人

  • Can you see this sheet of paper? This is a menu. 「この紙切れが見えます?これはメニューです」

または現実に目の前にない・そもそも存在していなくても心理的に話者に近いと判断できる物や人

  • Are you on this side? 「君はこっち側かね?」(議論とか、何かの対立の場面で)

(2) that(単数形)と those(複数形) = 「それ/その」か「あれ/あの

話者から遠いと感じられる距離にある物や人。日本語では聞き手に近い「それ・その」と聞き手からも遠い「あれ・あの」に分かれます。

  • Take that sheet of paper. That is a menu. 「その紙切れを取ってください。それはメニューです」
  • Look at that sheet of paper on the wall. That is a menu. 「壁にかかったあの紙切れを見てください。あれはメニューです」

心理的に遠いものや、回想の中でも that を使います。

  • We got married on that day. 「その(あの)日、私たちは結婚した」

(3)it(単数形)と they(複数形) =原則としてそれ

距離とはまったく関係なく、既に話題に挙がった物や人を指します。日本語の「それ」にはたまたま同じ用法がありますので、訳として対応することになりますが、that の訳としての「それ」とは区別してください。

ちなみに「既に話題に挙がった物や人」という意味での「その」に相当するのが定冠詞の the です。

  • Tom sees a sheet of paper on the table. He takes the sheet of paper in his hand. It is a menu. 「トムはテーブルの上に紙切れがあるのを見かけます。彼はその紙切れを手に取ります。それはメニューです」(小説みたいな書き方ですが)

  • や 2. の例文で書いた "This is a menu" も "That is a menu" も「既に話題に挙がっているもの」を指しているので "It is a menu" と言い換えられるため、この場合は it =「これ」や「あれ」という訳になります。

しかしこれは文脈があって初めて成り立つ訳なので、"It is a menu" という文章を単独で訳す場合では「それ」を使うのが適切です。実際に it の訳を「これ」や「あれ」と回答された場合は上記の区別ができていないと判断して不正解となります。ご注意ください。

動詞:未来完了形 updated 2021-03-09

will have + 過去分詞で、

  • 未来に何かが完了していることを予想(「〜しているだろう」)
  • 何かを経験・継続していることを予想(「〜することになるだろう」)

することを表現できます。これを未来完了形と言います。


8 skills with tips and notes

 
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