Join our all-new Duome Forum to help us rebuild what was lost with Duolingo Forum closing and more...
Streak Hall of Fame
1

Vilmargw

Vilmar

266342 XP#139577
564
933#187350
2346.

Learning English from Portuguese

Level 25 · 266214 XP
236214 XP beyond level 25

Tree: L0
12155010175
47.4% complete · 594 sessions to L1 Tree

Crowns: 486/1435
34% complete · 949 crowns to go

Skills: 132/253+2
53% complete

Lessons: 536/1130+0/5
47.4% complete

Lexemes: 3725/6419+0/37
You discovered 58% of available words/lexemes

Strength: 57%
3443058118

Created: 2020-06-28
Last Goal: 2023-02-03
Daily Goal: 50 XP
Timezone: UTC-3

Last update: 2023-01-03 16:06:31 GMT+3


645576992

XP per Skill (4 weeks)raw

Introdução
 
Saudações
 
Viagem
 
Cardápio
 
Encontros
 
Família
 
Presente 1
 
Carreira
 
Loja
 
Meu dia
 
Gostos
 
Bom dia
 
Estudos
 
Perguntas
 
Família 2
 
Lugares
 
Rotinas
 
Emoções
 
Comida
 
Viagem 2
 
Presente 2
 
Conversa
 
Tempo
 
Família 3
 
Em Casa
 
Compras
 
Hobbies
 
Pessoas
 
Online
 
Presente 3
 
Hobbies 2
 
Bate-papo
 
Compras 2
 
Clima
 
Aventura
 
Planos
 
Cardápio 2
 
Pessoas 2
 
Possessivos
 
Em Casa 2
 
Animais
 
Planos 2
 
Perfil
 
Pessoas 3
 
Direções
 
Hobbies 3
 
Escola
 
Pronomes 1
 
Ar livre
 
Gostos 2
 
Perfil 2
 
Planos 3
 
Planos 4
 
No médico
 
Aventura 2
 
Relatos
 
Relatos 2
 
Passado 1
 
Relatos 3
 
Opiniões
 
Trabalho
 
Frases
 
Memórias
 
Passado 2
 
Festas
 
Natureza
 
Saúde
 
Amor
 
Posses
 
Relatos 4
 
Tarefas
 
Escola 2
 
Futuro
 
Planos 5
 
Desjejum
 
Animais 2
 
Lar
 
Problemas
 
Banco
 
Fofoca
 
Passado 3
 
Elogio
 
Receitas
 
Acidentes
 
Conselhos
 
Cuidado
 
Compras 3
 
Contos
 
Carreira 2
 
Passado 4
 
Saúde 2
 
Escola 3
 
Incidentes
 
Tecnologia
 
Cardápio 3
 
Churrasco
 
Direções 2
 
Verbos 1
 
Arranjos
 
Esporte
 
Dúvidas
 
Eventos
 
Arranjos 2
 
Lar 2
 
Convite
 
Esporte 2
 
Pronomes 2
 
Gostos 3
 
Cidades
 
Escritório
 
Parabéns
 
Escola 4
 
Mistério
 
Compras 4
 
Verbos 2
 
Animais 3
 
Negócios
 
Aventura 3
 
Reunião
 
Saúde 3
 
Hotel
 
Passado 5
 
Em Casa 3
 
Comida 2
 
Rotinas 2
 
Natureza 2
 
Inovação
 
Educação
 
Emprego
 
Casamento
 
Passado 6
 
Lembranças
 
Relações
 
Contos 2
 
Roupas
 
Chegada
 
Noticias
 
Zoológico
 
Romance
 
Perguntas 2
 
Festa
 
A visita
 
Entrevista
 
Debate
 
Artes
 
Sonhos
 
Jogos
 
Halloween
 
Passado 7
 
Casados
 
Caminhada
 
Segredos
 
Médico
 
Estudos 2
 
Mudança
 
Trânsito
 
Sério
 
Verbos 3
 
Online 2
 
Política
 
Medos
 
Cinema
 
Campeonato
 
Banco 2
 
Contatos
 
Natureza 3
 
Verbos 4
 
O jantar
 
Show
 
Crime
 
Dia livre
 
Compras 5
 
Décadas
 
Turismo
 
Gratidão
 
Perguntas 3
 
Meu lar
 
Interesses
 
Conversa 2
 
Alguma vez
 
Que houve?
 
Notícias 2
 
Passado 8
 
Televisão
 
Décadas 2
 
Amizades
 
Família 4
 
Queixas
 
Que disse?
 
Religião
 
Indireto
 
Sugestão
 
Mudança 2
 
Lamento
 
Ambição
 
Automóvel
 
Comida 3
 
Médico 2
 
Escola 5
 
Voz Passiva
 
Festa 2
 
Jornal
 
Trânsito 2
 
Rancho
 
Conselho 2
 
Ambição 2
 
Turismo 2
 
Verbos 5
 
Fama
 
Cozinha
 
Conversa 3
 
Loja 2
 
Discurso
 
Meu lar 2
 
Erros
 
Condicional
 
Medos 2
 
Internet
 
Convidados
 
Tradição
 
O jantar 2
 
Ecologia
 
Bom gosto
 
V Passiva 2
 
Beleza
 
Pechincha
 
Esporte 3
 
Saúde 4
 
Emprego 2
 
Viagem 3
 
Crime 2
 
História
 
Desejos
 
Permissão
 
Saúde 5
 
Meu lar 3
 
Conselho 3
 
Trabalho 2
 
Jardim
 
Verbos 6
 
Férias
 
Reunião 2
 
Campanha
 
Clima 2
 
Riscos
 
Rotinas 3
 
Cliché
 
Erros 2
 
Estudos 3
 
Futuro 2
 
Nostalgia
 
Gostos 4
 
Emprego 3
 
Cantadas
 
Expressões e Ditados
 



Skills by StrengthCrownsDateNameOriginal Order

  • 159336347728.06.2020 •••   6.186Introdução39 @ 75% // 0.961 // 0.687 1118/18
    a · am · and · are · boy · brazil · coffee · from · girl · hat · he · hello · i · is · man · milk · my · name · neat · not · or · please · portugal · she · tea · what · woman · yes · your
    29 words
  • 160820228517.12.2020 •••   6.246Saudações146 @ 75% // 0.854 // 0.638 2124/24
    and · and you · by · bye · date · do · english · good · good afternoon · good evening · good morning · good night · goodbye · hello · hi · how are you · i am · i am from · my name is · please · sorry · thank · thank you · thanks · very · welcome · what's your name
    27 words

    Traduções não literais

    Aqui aprenderemos algumas frases comuns do dia a dia.

    É importante saber que nem sempre as frases são traduzidas palavra por palavra de uma língua para outra. Às vezes, uma expressão significa algo bem diferente das palavras sozinhas.

    Vamos ver, por exemplo, as expressões de agradecimento:

    • Thank you = obrigado/obrigada.
    • You are welcome = de nada.

    Se traduzirmos "you are welcome" ao pé da letra, teremos "você é bem vindo", mas como expressão, é a resposta que se usa em inglês quando alguém nos agradece: "de nada".

    Há duas formas comuns de agradecimento:

    • Thanks - Uma forma mais descontraída, informal
    • Thank you - Mais formal

    Bom dia, boa tarde e boa noite

    Em inglês as expressões são:

    Português Inglês Explicação
    Bom dia Good morning "Morning" significa "manhã", mas essa é a expressão para "bom dia"
    Boa tarde Good afternoon -
    Boa noite Good evening Usada no início da noite, para introdução
    Boa noite Good night Usada no final da noite, para despedida

    Quando usar "no" and "not"?

    Na maioria dos casos, no é usado antes de substantivos, quando significa nenhum.
    not é empregado para tornar negativa uma palavra, frase ou oração.

    Exemplos:

    Eles são homens.

    • Tradução: They are men. (Eles são homens)
    • Negativa: They are not men. (Eles não são homens.)

    Eu não tenho dinheiro.

    • Tradução: I do not have money. (Eu não tenho dinheiro.)
    • Tradução significando nenhum: I have no money. (Eu não tenho dinheiro nenhum.)

    .

  • 159336594628.06.2020 •••   6.246Viagem39 @ 75% // 0.961 // 0.687 2224/24
    a · airport · america · bag · bus · drive · hat · here · hotel · i have · i need · in · money · passport · please · reservation · restroom · station · supermarket · tax · taxi · the · ticket · to · train · where · where is
    27 words

    Os países e os artigos

    Em inglês, a grande maioria dos nomes de países, cidades, estados e continentes não usa artigos.

    Não se diz, por exemplo "The France". Diz-se apenas "France (A França)".

    • Ele mudou-se para a Itália = He moved to Italy
    • O Brazil é lindo = Brazil is beautiful
    • I like Europe = Eu gosto da Europa

    As exceções acontecem quando os nomes são substantivos normais, como esses exemplos:

    • The United States of America (USA) = Os Estados Unidos da América (EUA)
    • The United Kingdom = O Reino Unido
    • The United Arab Emirates = Os Emirados Árabes Unidos

    Tirado as exceções, nomes próprios, mesmo que não sejam países, não usam artigos.

    Algumas expressões confusas

    "have been to"

    Essa expressão, quando conjugada, significa literalmente "(eu) estive em", "(ele) esteve em", etc.

    • Have you been to Brazil? = Você esteve no Brasil?

    Mas muitas vezes ela é usada com o significado de "você foi ao Brasil?"

    • Have you ever Been to France? = Você (alguma vez) já foi à França?

    "to be abroad"

    A palavra "abroad" não é traduzida com uma palavra exata em Português, mas seu significado é "fora do país":

    • He is abroad = Ele está fora do país
  • 160843703820.12.2020 •••   6.246Cardápio47 @ 75% // 0.953 // 0.682 3124/24
    large · menu · one · rice · salad · sat · small · soup · two · you
    10 words
  • 161092653718.01.2021 •••   6.246Encontros79 @ 75% // 0.921 // 0.659 3224/24
    I · boys · car · cars · cash · cut · do · english · five · four · friend · girls · job · jobs · my · no · number · one · phone · phones · portuguese · speak · students · this is · three · two · understand · where · yes
    29 words
  • 161064568314.01.2021 •••   6.246Família43 @ 100% // 0.957 // 0.752 4124/24
    brother · funny · he has · he is · mother · she is · sister · sisters · tall · them
    10 words

    Alguns falsos cognatos

    Atenção às palavras parecidas que podem nos enganar:

    • parent em inglês, significa "pai ou mãe", e não parente.
    • relative significa parente.

    Gêneros e plurais

    Em inglês, muitos termos para descrever parentes possuem gênero, diferente da maioria dos outros substantivos, pois são diretamente ligados a seres humanos.

    Assim, temos por exemplo palavras específicas para "irmão" e "irmã":

    • Irmão = brother
    • Irmã = sister
    • Tio = Uncle
    • Tia = Aunt
    • Sobrinho = nephew
    • Sobrinha = niece

    Entre outros...

    Mas cuidado! No plural, alguns deles continuam sendo exclusivamente do mesmo gênero.

    Ao dizer "fathers", por exemplo, você está dizendo "pais", mas não no sentido de "pai e mãe" e sim no sentido de "pais homens". Para dizer "pais" no sentido de "pai e mãe", usa-se "parents".

    Veja alguns exemplos:

    Mothers = mães
    Fathers = pais (somente homens!)
    Parents = pais (pais e mães)

    Sisters = irmãs
    Brothers = irmãos (somente homens!)
    Siblings = irmãos (irmãos e irmãs)

    Daughters = filhas
    Sons = filhos (somente homens!)
    Children = filhos (filhos e filhas)

  • 162453579424.06.2021 •••   3.123Presente 11000 @ 25% // 0.000 4112/12
    presente11 · presente12 · presente13 · presente14
    4 words
  • 161191905029.01.2021 •••   6.246Carreira20 @ 75% // 0.980 // 0.744 4224/24
    an · artist · at · doctor · jam · jobs · office · school · stuff · teacher
    10 words
  • 159355029530.06.2020 •••   6.246Loja70 @ 75% // 0.930 // 0.697 5124/24
    black · blue · boots · brown · cheap · closed · clothes · coat · dress · expensive · favorite · gray · green · hat · jacket · new · nice · note · open · pants · red · shirt · shoes · skirt · socks · store · this · warm · white · yellow
    30 words
  • 161192003429.01.2021 •••   6.246Meu dia47 @ 75% // 0.953 // 0.748 6124/24
    bread · drink · eat · every day · friends · head · in the morning · roommate · running · see
    10 words
  • 161211630031.01.2021 •••   6.246Gostos78 @ 100% // 0.922 // 0.775 6224/24
    any · anything · as · as well · be · because · better · book · buying · cellphone · do you like · doctors · drinking · food · hospitals · houses · ice cream · juice · like · look · love · money · movie · much · piece · player · players · really · schools · smaller · sweet · teachers · thinking · thinks · waiter · waitress · what
    37 words
  • 161211667131.01.2021 •••   6.246Bom dia147 @ 75% // 0.853 // 0.700 7124/24
    are · boot · good afternoon · mr · mrs · name · not · you · young · your
    10 words
  • 161212256031.01.2021 •••   6.246Estudos102 @ 100% // 0.898 // 0.780 8124/24
    a lot · an · are you · books · business · class · classroom · dictionary · difficult · easy · exam · face · go · he · homework · important · interesting · languages · medicine · pen · problem · professor · question · read · school · she · student · study · teach · teacher · university · we · what · write · you
    35 words
  • 162475090027.06.2021 •••   3.123Perguntas1000 @ 25% // 0.000 8112/12
    perguntas1 · perguntas2 · perguntas3 · perguntas4
    4 words
  • 161212278131.01.2021 •••   6.246Família 250 @ 100% // 0.950 // 0.823 8224/24
    boy · child · do not · girl · have · husband · know · old · ride · wife
    10 words
  • 161212321531.01.2021 •••   6.246Lugares132 @ 75% // 0.868 // 0.735 9124/24
    England · cheap · city · come · for · from · here · nice · on · son
    10 words
  • 162786079302.08.2021 •••   6.246Rotinas30 @ 100% // 0.970 // 0.754 10124/24
    bats · chinese · class · computer · computers · day · days · dictionary · every · excuse me · go · goes · has · here · language · languages · like · likes · lives · music · needs · never · page · play · plays · soccer · speaks · to · use · uses · when · work · works
    33 words
  • 162785966602.08.2021 •••   6.186Emoções80 @ 75% // 0.920 // 0.716 10218/18
    afternoon · bad · beautiful · child · evening · fine · happy · he's · hi · i'm · is · nice · ok · or · really · sad · she's · sick · they're · this · we're · why · you're
    23 words
  • 162801212403.08.2021 •••   6.246Comida94 @ 75% // 0.906 // 0.704 11124/24
    an · apple · apples · bean · beet · breakfast · coffee · cut · dinner · does · drink · drinks · eat · eats · egg · for · fruit · lunch · make · makes · meat · milk · orange · rice · some · tea · usually · want · wants · water · with
    31 words

    As comidas e o verbo "to have"

    Para comer e beber, o inglês tem dois verbos bem claros:

    • To eat = comer
    • To drink = beber
    • I eat an apple = eu como uma maçã
    • She drinks water = ela bebe água

    Mas existem outras formas de dizer "comer/beber" em inglês...

    Nas lições anteriores, aprendemos que o "have" significa "ter/possuir". Mas este é um verbo muito versátil, ele tem várias funções. Quando é usado com comidas, também pode significar comer/beber, além de "ter/possuir":

    • Breakfast = café da manhã
    • Lunch = almoço
    • Coffee = café
    • I have breakfast = eu tomo café da manhã
    • I have lunch = eu almoço
    • They have coffee = eles bebem café

    Beef não é bife? - Falsos cognatos

    Beef e bife são o que chamamos falsos cognatos, false friends em inglês. São palavras com ortografia semelhante, mas significados diferentes. Normalmente elas têm a mesma origem, como o latim, por exemplo.

    Assim, beef refere-se à carne bovina de vaca/de boi, carne vermelha. Mas se você quiser pedir um bife em um restaurante em um país de língua inglesa, você deverá usar a palavra steak.

    Então:

    • beef = carne bovina
    • steak = bife

    Inclusive, existe até a combinação beefsteak, que significa bife de carne bovina.

    Outro exemplo legal é lunch, que significa almoço:

    • Lunch = almoço
    • Snack = lanche
  • 161949439327.04.2021 •••   6.246Viagem 2102 @ 100% // 0.898 // 0.762 12124/24
    abroad · all · amount · average · boy · departure · do · do not · does · england · first · french · german · girl · italian · italians · journey · last · majority · none · numbers · portuguese · sack · south · spanish · sum · that · these · those · to · total · toy · transportation · travel · vehicle · vehicles · visit · visits · where
    39 words
  • 162743439528.07.2021 •••   3.123Presente 21000 @ 25% // 0.000 12112/12
    presente21 · presente22 · presente23 · presente24
    4 words
  • 161949471427.04.2021 •••   6.246Conversa82 @ 100% // 0.918 // 0.765 12224/24
    cub · help · more slowly · picks · repeat · some · speak · um · word · years old
    10 words
  • 163460799219.10.2021 •••   6.246Tempo72 @ 75% // 0.928 // 0.722 13124/24
    at · back · eight · hour · it · o'clock · seven · six · ten · time
    10 words
  • 163474985720.10.2021 •••   6.246Família 341 @ 100% // 0.959 // 0.767 13224/24
    children · doesn't · don't · family · husband · married · movies · share · sons · wife
    10 words
  • 163485545722.10.2021 •••   6.246Em Casa37 @ 75% // 0.963 // 0.749 13324/24
    aren't · bathroom · bathrooms · chair · chip · clean · cup · cups · desk · edge · fridge · front · glass · home · isn't · kitchen · kitchens · lot · news · next · of · picture · pictures · plate · plates · table · tables · the · there · under · watch · water · window · windows
    34 words
  • 163529094727.10.2021 •••   6.246Compras28 @ 100% // 0.972 // 0.756 14124/24
    bird · box · boxes · buys · can · cheap · class · dollar · dollars · dress · dresses · expensive · fifteen · fourteen · glasses · help · helps · me · much · pants · see · sees · shirt · shirts · shoe · shoes · sixteen · skirt · skirts · that · that's · thirteen · too · watch · watches
    35 words
  • 163598356704.11.2021 •••   6.246Hobbies31 @ 100% // 0.969 // 0.754 14224/24
    doing · fight · games · homework · month · playing · right now · ring · watching · working
    10 words
  • 163656978710.11.2021 •••   6.246Pessoas61 @ 100% // 0.939 // 0.801 15124/24
    a little · also · cold · dad · eye · eyes · families · fat · feel · feels · friendly · funny · hair · home · hungry · it · it's · long · look like · looks like · men · nicer · older · people · person · poor · rich · short · short hair · shorter · tall · taller · than · thin · thirsty · when · who · women
    38 words
  • 163767235223.11.2021 •••   6.246Online73 @ 100% // 0.927 // 0.792 15224/24
    big · blog · click on · email · on · teach · the internet · website · which · write
    10 words
  • 163725417818.11.2021 •••   3.123Presente 31000 @ 25% // 0.000 16112/12
    presente31 · presente32 · presente33 · presente34
    4 words
  • 163482325521.10.2021 •••   6.246Hobbies 280 @ 75% // 0.920 // 0.715 16124/24
    bike · can't · cannot · dance · ear · fast · hear · ride · sing · well
    10 words
  • 163880954506.12.2021 •••   6.246Bate-papo73 @ 75% // 0.927 // 0.721 17124/24
    Brazil · country · learn · spanish · teach · touch · travel · united kingdom · united states · using
    10 words
  • 163715909617.11.2021 •••   6.246Compras 2111 @ 75% // 0.889 // 0.692 17224/24
    black · blue · brown · coat · coats · color · colors · cool · different · eight · eighteen · favorite · gray · green · hat · hats · nineteen · orange · pays · red · same · seventeen · shopping · these · those · twenty · wear · wearing · wears · which · white · yellow
    32 words
  • 163898701708.12.2021 •••   6.246Clima125 @ 75% // 0.875 // 0.681 18124/24
    american · basketball · beach · beaches · cheese · cloudy · cold · dark · fall · flower · flowers · football · garden · hot · how's · park · rains · sport · sports · spring · summer · sunny · tennis · thing · warm · weather · weekend · windy · winter
    29 words
  • 163736034620.11.2021 •••   6.246Aventura90 @ 75% // 0.910 // 0.708 18224/24
    behind · even · factory · near · stops · store · town · universities · what · where's
    10 words
  • 163962399916.12.2021 •••   6.246Planos128 @ 100% // 0.872 // 0.771 18324/24
    a.m. · about · after · again · april · begins · come · dad · date · dates · february · fifth · fish · fourth · game · january · june · later · let's go · march · may · meet · mom · movie theater · next · p.m. · parties · quarter past · quarter to · short · studying · thousand · three · tomorrow · working
    35 words
  • 163605568604.11.2021 •••   6.246Cardápio 277 @ 75% // 0.923 // 0.718 19124/24
    beer · fifty · forty · how · rain · something · thirty · wait · wine · would like
    10 words
  • 163965833216.12.2021 •••   6.246Pessoas 2111 @ 75% // 0.889 // 0.692 20124/24
    also · born · eye · hairs · his · look like · looks like · persons · short · tall
    10 words
  • 164013319222.12.2021 •••   3.123Possessivos1000 @ 25% // 0.000 20112/12
    possessivos1 · possessivos2 · possessivos3 · possessivos4
    4 words
  • 163966039116.12.2021 •••   6.246Em Casa 274 @ 75% // 0.926 // 0.720 20224/24
    's · camera · cameras · clean · clock · dictionaries · does · door · doors · floor · floors · food · grass · key · keys · knife · light · looks · no · noise · opens · paint · paints · plant · plants · puts · room · rooms · there's · toilet · tree · trees · wall · walls · what's
    35 words
  • 163491100222.10.2021 •••   6.246Animais3 @ 100% // 0.997 // 0.775 20324/24
    and · animal · animals · ball · bird · birds · cat · catch · cats · cooks · dog · dogs · each · ear · ears · head · heads · horse · horses · its · kick · leaves · leg · legs · listens · little · match · mouth · mouths · often · oh · other · salt
    33 words
  • 164435345608.02.2022 •••   6.246Planos 2154 @ 75% // 0.846 // 0.717 21124/24
    august · before · competition · cool · dear · december · eighth · first · hard · he'll · hear · i'll · it'll · july · karaoke · ninth · november · october · of course · play · possible · school · seat · september · seventh · she'll · singing · sixth · soon · tenth · then · they'll · tomato · we'll · won't · would love · you'll
    37 words
  • 162768814231.07.2021 •••   6.246Perfil176 @ 75% // 0.824 // 0.641 22124/24
    adult · ages · babies · fatter · feet · foot · lazy · one · teeth · tooth
    10 words
  • 163703466716.11.2021 •••   6.246Pessoas 3160 @ 75% // 0.840 // 0.653 22224/24
    Mrs. · architect · author · black · captain · career · dear · director · first · guard · judge · judges · last · lawyer · marriage · miss · mr. · ms. · officer · officers · profession · professional · professionals · question · shirt · siblings · soldier · soldiers · staff · works
    30 words
  • 163914688410.12.2021 •••   6.246Direções154 @ 75% // 0.846 // 0.658 23124/24
    all · back · between · bookstore · burn · dead · down · end · fast · finds · inside · into · left · noise · only · outside · past · problem · problems · ready · right · road · safe · shows · street · turn · turns · up · village · world · zero
    31 words
  • 164574793625.02.2022 •••   6.246Hobbies 3184 @ 75% // 0.816 // 0.635 23224/24
    boy · dancing · enjoy · joke · practice · reading · running · singing · televisions · watching
    10 words
  • 163806424928.11.2021 •••   6.246Escola187 @ 75% // 0.813 // 0.633 24124/24
    about · answer · april · carries · carry · classroom · course · courses · each · example · examples · gives · giving · has to · have to · page · pages · pen · pencil · pens · say · saying · says · second · studies · subject · subjects · tells · test · tests · third · word · words · worries · worry
    35 words
  • 164584738826.02.2022 •••   3.123Pronomes 11000 @ 25% // 0.000 24112/12
    pronomes11 · pronomes12 · pronomes13 · pronomes14
    4 words
  • 164583722926.02.2022 •••   6.246Ar livre160 @ 75% // 0.840 // 0.738 24224/24
    bedroom · how's · in · indoors · it · leather · outdoors · spend time · sunny · weather
    10 words
  • 163763985123.11.2021 •••   6.246Gostos 2134 @ 75% // 0.866 // 0.674 24324/24
    as · be · because · better · driver · player · rain · waiter · waitress · zip
    10 words
  • 164329015727.01.2022 •••   6.246Perfil 2102 @ 75% // 0.898 // 0.698 25124/24
    biggest · easiest · fastest · most · nicest · oldest · smallest · tallest · warmest · world
    10 words
  • 164783291021.03.2022 •••   6.246Planos 399 @ 75% // 0.901 // 0.701 25224/24
    a.m. · february · going · january · know · next · p.m. · text · tomorrow · working
    10 words
  • 164376876302.02.2022 •••   6.246Planos 4107 @ 75% // 0.893 // 0.694 26124/24
    august · bath · hard · july · of course · possible · sixth · soon · who · will
    10 words
  • 164779092820.03.2022 •••   6.246No médico128 @ 100% // 0.872 // 0.774 26224/24
    appointment · ask for · bask · come · headache · medicine · mr · mrs · point · reception desk
    10 words
  • 164820812025.03.2022 •••   6.246Aventura 2151 @ 75% // 0.849 // 0.660 26324/24
    France · Germany · come from · comes from · french · huge · names · remember · their · using
    10 words
  • 164821421625.03.2022 •••   6.246Relatos167 @ 75% // 0.833 // 0.648 27124/24
    called · helped · last · lived · paused · started · talked · worked · yesterday · you'll
    10 words
  • 164805976423.03.2022 •••   6.246Relatos 2141 @ 75% // 0.859 // 0.668 28124/24
    apartment · bear · bicycle · costing · did · office · out · songs · started · why
    10 words
  • 164778656220.03.2022 •••   3.123Passado 11000 @ 25% // 0.000 28112/12
    passado11 · passado12 · passado13 · passado14
    4 words
  • 164825869926.03.2022 •••   6.246Relatos 388 @ 75% // 0.912 // 0.703 28224/24
    arrived · eleventh · gave · grandfathers · grandmothers · left · met · net · them · went
    10 words
  • 164979812613.04.2022 •••   6.246Opiniões122 @ 100% // 0.878 // 0.789 29124/24
    again · better · break · butter · great · how was · i don't think so · i think so · tell · you're right
    10 words
  • 165068077223.04.2022 •••   6.246Trabalho146 @ 75% // 0.854 // 0.664 30124/24
    ad · appointment · began · boss · bosses · bottle · bottles · calendar · change · changed · companies · company · cook · cooks · document · documents · hate · hated · here's · kids · knew · large · made · meeting · meetings · ran · secretary · that'll · told · waiting · well · who's · worker · workers
    34 words
  • 164453766011.02.2022 •••   6.246Frases151 @ 75% // 0.849 // 0.660 30224/24
    access · accident · accidents · all day · all right · don't forget · don't worry · entrance · exit · fire · get ready · good luck · have a nice · help · helps · how do you · how's it going · i don't understand · little sister · nice to meet you · no problem · police · see you · so much · speak more slowly · sure · that's fine · think so · welcome · what's wrong · wrist
    31 words
  • 163847874902.12.2021 •••   6.246Memórias69 @ 75% // 0.931 // 0.724 31124/24
    already · as · buried · ever · had · has · hasn't · have · haven't · i've · long time · played · short time · studied · they've · wanted · we've · worked · yet · you've
    20 words
  • 164947334509.04.2022 •••   3.123Passado 21000 @ 25% // 0.000 32112/12
    passado21 · passado22 · passado23 · passado24
    4 words
  • 165101482827.04.2022 •••   6.246Festas179 @ 100% // 0.821 // 0.821 32124/24
    about · break · christmas · fall · have · pay for · thanksgiving · took · up · with each other
    10 words
  • 159944593807.09.2020 •••   6.246Natureza68 @ 100% // 0.932 // 0.932 33124/24
    afraid · alone · around · bridge · down · far · farmer · farmers · field · forest · heard · moon · mountain · nature · over · owl · path · rain · rains · roof · skies · sky · sound · star · stars · through · top · view · wooden
    29 words
  • 159944593807.09.2020 •••   6.246Saúde108 @ 100% // 0.892 // 0.892 33224/24
    back · birth · blood · bodies · body · brain · break · broke · cold · feel better · felt · finger · fingers · good for · health · heart · hurt · matter · medicine · neck · necks · nurse · pain · reason · reasons · should · shouldn't · soap · take care · toe · when · worse
    32 words
  • 160829014118.12.2020 •••   6.246Amor178 @ 100% // 0.822 33324/24
    almost · bar · boyfriend · boyfriends · call · chat · concert · concerts · each other · everything · except · get married · girlfriend · girlfriends · got married · how about · i'd love to · if · let's go · motorcycle · perfect · popular · prettier · pretty · sailing · someone · special · such · sure · theater · theaters · walk · why don't we
    33 words
  • 162429489321.06.2021 •••   6.246Posses191 @ 100% // 0.809 // 0.809 34124/24
    belong · blanket · cabinet · chose · comb · especially · fork · forks · knives · lamp · mine · nothing · one · ours · pink · purple · put · sofa · sofas · spoon · spoons · this · toothbrush · washed · which · wives · yours
    27 words
  • 162429518721.06.2021 •••   6.246Relatos 4148 @ 100% // 0.852 34224/24
    ago · born · cried · danced · fall down · happen · quickly · rode · swam · visited
    10 words
  • 162429575721.06.2021 •••   6.246Tarefas250 @ 100% // 0.750 // 0.750 35124/24
    broom · down · into · messy · mop · mops · pick up · room · sweep · sweeping
    10 words
  • 162431082522.06.2021 •••   6.246Escola 2137 @ 100% // 0.863 // 0.863 36124/24
    answered · anybody · art · arts · case · chemistry · circle · classmate · clear · drew · everyone · explained · explains · few · geography · mean · mistake · mistakes · must · nobody · physics · project · projects · read · sat · science · sciences · taught · textbook · understood
    30 words
  • 162436098822.06.2021 •••   3.123Futuro1000 @ 25% // 0.000 36112/12
    futuro1 · futuro2 · futuro3 · futuro4
    4 words
  • 162431164722.06.2021 •••   6.246Planos 5174 @ 100% // 0.826 // 0.826 36224/24
    afterward · capital · castles · club · flights · rent · ships · show · tour · volleyball
    10 words
  • 166086834519.08.2022 •••   6.246Desjejum153 @ 100% // 0.847 37124/24
    cereal · could i get · i'll have · let's · menu · omelet · onion · order · sausage · toast
    10 words
  • 166624195220.10.2022 •••   5.005Animais 2176 @ 100% // 0.824 3810/4
    India · adventure · adventures · argentina · flew · fun · hip-hop · india · learned · lion · little · loved · mice · monkey · morocco · mouse · pack · paid · pajama · shampoo · stage · stages · suitcase · suitcases · traveled · turtle · turtles
    27 words
  • 166502424906.10.2022 ••• Test out   3.003Lar237 @ 100% // 0.763 // 0.763 3820/4
    armchair · couch · dresser · furniture · hers · his · left · living room · pillow · rent · right · roommate · share · sink · stairs · theirs · turn off · turn on · up
    19 words
  • 159944593807.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Problemas136 @ 100% // 0.864 // 0.864 3830/4
    brought · cash · couldn't · directions · extra · guidebook · instead · line · lines · lose · lost · luggage · map · maybe · nearly · passport · plan · remembered · so · terrible · traffic · umbrella · umbrellas · wallet · wallets · wore
    26 words
  • 1707040261 ••• Test out   0.000Banco10003910/4 +4 lessons +29 lexemes
    bill · debit card · everybody else · last · million · next time · quarter · stand in line · the day after tomorrow · wallet
    10 words
  • 159944593807.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Fofoca100 @ 100% // 0.900 // 0.900 4010/4
    actually · amazing · anymore · attractive · else · good time · guy · hope · in love · interested · mad · seeing · single · still · that · tried · tries · true · trying · unhappy · yeah
    21 words
  • 1707040261 ••• Test out   0.000Passado 31000 @ 25% // 0.000 4010/4 +4 lessons +3 lexemes
    passado31 · passado32 · passado33 · passado34
    4 words
  • 1675504261Learning: ••• Test out   1.001Elogio90 @ 75% // 0.910 // 0.910 4020/4 +3 lessons +1 lexemes
    actor · actors · actress · artist · artists · become · before · competition · competitions · congratulations · entered · how long · just · kept · once · prize · since · sold · taken · team · twice · win · wins · won
    24 words
  • 159944593807.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Receitas55 @ 100% // 0.945 // 0.945 4110/4
    adds · carrot · cookie · fewer · gallon · garlic · half · how many · how much · less · liter · mix · oil · pasta · pepper · piece · pieces · sauce
    18 words
  • 159944593707.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Acidentes71 @ 75% // 0.929 // 0.929 4120/4 +2 lessons +1 lexemes
    camp · careful · cut · cuts · during · everybody · fell · golf · help · herself · himself · hockey · myself · rugby · until · was · were · while · yourself
    19 words
  • 159944593707.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Conselhos22 @ 100% // 0.978 // 0.978 4130/4
    advice · before · carefully · decided · exercise · foreign · guide · idea · ideas · information · ireland · latest · left · make sure · most · new zealand · perhaps · polite · postcard · receives · right · save · side · spend · take off · useful
    26 words
  • 1707040261 ••• Test out   0.000Cuidado10004210/4 +4 lessons +28 lexemes
    a · answer · brush · conditioner · different · drugstore · get · my · shoe store · sunscreen
    10 words
  • 159944593807.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Compras 319 @ 100% // 0.981 4310/4
    anyway · each · earring · exactly · free · gold · jewelry · looking for · on sale · online · price · returned · returns · salesperson · scarf · scarves · shorts · silver · size · sizes · spent · swimsuit · try on
    23 words
  • 159944593807.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Contos16 @ 100% // 0.984 // 0.984 4320/4
    believed · dead · deep · dragon · east · even · everywhere · fog · found · golden · immediately · king · kings · lazy · lost · magic · north · opened · queen · queens · somewhere · stories · story · thought · woods
    25 words
  • 159944593707.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Carreira 241 @ 75% // 0.959 // 0.959 4410/4 +4 lessons +1 lexemes
    build · colleague · dollars an hour · earn · engineer · manager · occupation · railroad · steal · worker
    10 words
  • 1707040261 ••• Test out   0.000Passado 410004410/4 +4 lessons +4 lexemes
    passado41 · passado42 · passado43 · passado44
    4 words
  • 159944593807.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Saúde 2860 @ 25% // 0.140 4420/4
    a little · able · alcohol · brush · candy · change · daily · dentist · dr. · fill out · have a baby · headache · healthy food · lie down · look after · ok · ourselves · regular · rest · stomachache · themselves · toothache · worried · worst
    24 words
  • 159944593707.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Escola 3847 @ 25% // 0.153 4430/4
    advanced · average · biology · cafeteria · eraser · fail · good at · grade · grades · grammar · level · levels · math · minus · pass · prepare · principal · quiz · scissors · spell · vocabulary · wrong
    22 words
  • 159944687007.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Incidentes891 @ 25% // 0.109 4510/4
    arabic · bake · built · centuries · century · check · checks · cleaned · delay · hurt · invited · machine · necklace · painted · probably · sent · serves · stolen · without · wood
    20 words
  • 159944687007.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Tecnologia892 @ 25% // 0.108 4520/4
    account · copy · creates · download · file · folder · internet · keyboard · laptop · log in · log out · online · printer · program · programs · screen · video · web · wi-fi
    19 words
  • 1707040261 ••• Test out   0.000Cardápio 310004610/4 +4 lessons +28 lexemes
    anyone · ingredient · north · piece · recipe · south · there are no · there is no · west · yum
    10 words
  • 159944687007.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Churrasco892 @ 25% // 0.108 4710/4
    anyone · barbecue · by himself · by yourself · cool · fantastic · glad · grilled · hey · mind · offers · really · ride · shame · sound · sun · unfortunately · yard · you guys
    19 words
  • 159944687007.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Direções 2879 @ 25% // 0.121 // 0.121 4720/4
    across · bother · downstairs · hall · restroom · sign · stadium · upstairs · way · where
    10 words
  • 1675504261Learning: ••• Test out   0.030Verbos 11000 @ 25% // 0.000 4813/4••• +1 lesson +1 lexemes
    verbos11 · verbos12 · verbos13 · verbos14
    4 words
  • 159944687007.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Arranjos879 @ 25% // 0.121 4810/4
    airplane · airplanes · at least · available · by myself · cost · costs · delay · detail · details · find out · for free · further · gas · half-price · id · including · international · normal · over · per · plus · tax · taxes
    24 words
  • 1707040261 ••• Test out   0.000Esporte10004910/4 +4 lessons +27 lexemes
    along · anymore · badly · ball · broken · by himself · by themselves · chain · court · cycling · down the street · engine · exercise · fastest · final · have · height · hit · into · jump · jumps · meter · racket · second · seconds · strong · tennis player · threw · was · weight
    30 words
  • 159944687007.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Dúvidas892 @ 25% // 0.108 4920/4
    are there · are they · are you · aren't there · aren't you · can you · can't i · can't you · enough · faster · if not · is it · isn't he · isn't it · isn't there · millions · or not · real · should we · shouldn't they · shouldn't we · thousands · violin · yourselves
    24 words
  • 159944687007.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Eventos892 @ 25% // 0.108 4930/4
    camping · cousin · grandparent · lost · lunchtime · off · peru · practiced · ridden · since then · stayed · sunglasses · surfing · the day before yesterday · type · visitor · waited
    17 words
  • 159944687007.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Arranjos 2892 @ 25% // 0.108 5010/4
    against · around noon · as soon as possible · be moving · board games · by saturday · certainly · feeling better · future · let me know · looking after · match · may · moment · moments · new year's eve · our guests · parking lot · post office · supper · taking off · till · video games · will not be
    24 words
  • 159944687007.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Lar 2866 @ 25% // 0.134 5020/4
    broken · cleaner · dry · electric · electricity · full · heat · in the corner · itself · mind if · missing · off · on · oven · push · shut · space · spaces · stove · temperature · trash can · washing machine
    22 words
  • 1707040261 ••• Test out   0.000Convite1000 @ 25% // 0.000 5110/4 +4 lessons +26 lexemes
    i can't wait · i'll be there · in · let me know · look · love · might · or · surprised · take a vacation
    10 words
  • 1707040261 ••• Test out   1.001Esporte 2892 @ 25% // 0.108 5210/4
    along · badly · height · hit · meter · race · rackets · runner · slow · weight
    10 words
  • 1707040261 ••• Test out   0.000Pronomes 210005210/4 +4 lessons +4 lexemes
    pronomes21 · pronomes22 · pronomes23 · pronomes24
    4 words
  • 1707040261 ••• Test out   1.001Gostos 3892 @ 25% // 0.108 5220/4
    chess · classical · cool · fashion · opera · photography · pop · rock music · soul · teenager
    10 words
  • 159944687007.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Cidades892 @ 25% // 0.108 5230/4
    across from · be quiet · church · daily · library · mosque · pray · quiet · squares · weekly
    10 words
  • 1707040261 ••• Test out   0.000Escritório10005310/4 +4 lessons +28 lexemes
    by · do · hope · log into · missing · resume · room · some of · spelling · stapler
    10 words
  • 159944687007.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Parabéns843 @ 25% // 0.157 5410/4
    balloon · can't wait · card · clown · fried · happy to · invitation · roasted · surprises · what about
    10 words
  • 159944687007.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Escola 4871 @ 25% // 0.129 5420/4
    african · asian · beginning · break · clearly · correct · easily · ends · european · get along · get dressed · god · gotten · notebook · playground · religion · several · sheet · shelf · simple · studies · that's right · uniform · war
    24 words
  • 159944687007.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Mistério882 @ 25% // 0.118 // 0.118 5510/4 +3 lessons +1 lexemes
    air · because of · danger · foggy · higher · horrible · long · loud · one · outside · snow · stamps · telephone · unusual · wild · wind · woke up
    17 words
  • 159944687107.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Compras 4892 @ 25% // 0.108 5520/4
    belt · credit card · fill it out · fill out this form · just a moment · list · makeup · never mind · order · orders · pick it up · put on · put your coat on · round · same · square · suit · suits · take your hat off · tights · try the jeans on · try them on · turn on the computer · turn the lights on · variety
    25 words
  • 1707040261 ••• Test out   0.000Verbos 210005610/4 +4 lessons +4 lexemes
    verbos21 · verbos22 · verbos23 · verbos24
    4 words
  • 159944687007.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Animais 3860 @ 25% // 0.140 5610/4
    awful · bit · cartoon · channel · channels · dream · dream · dreams · elephant · elephants · fast food · give back · given · lie · luck · pleased · quite · sheep · skate · skateboarding · strange · sweets · the rest · upset · wheel · wheels · wool
    27 words
  • 159944687007.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Negócios873 @ 25% // 0.127 5620/4
    after · banking · being · below · board · business professional · call back · call me back · contact · email · envelope · first of all · goal · goals · however · identification · less · mail · no one · offer · offers · software · was going to · wastebasket
    24 words
  • 159944687007.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Aventura 3847 @ 25% // 0.153 5720/4
    advertisements · all over · comfortable · difference · double · indoor · lighter · national · next · possibly
    10 words
  • 159944748807.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Reunião882 @ 25% // 0.118 5810/5 +5 lessons +1 lexemes
    each other · graduation · hug · introduce · much · outgoing · stay · visit · wedding · what's up
    10 words
  • 159944748807.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Saúde 3892 @ 25% // 0.108 5910/5
    aspirin · cough · degree · exhausted · flu · fortunately · has got · have got · rest · temperature
    10 words
  • 159944748807.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Hotel866 @ 25% // 0.134 // 0.134 5920/5
    against · check out · dining room · double · extra · half past · let · of mine · reserve · unpack
    10 words
  • 1707040261 ••• Test out   0.000Passado 510006010/4 +4 lessons +4 lexemes
    passado51 · passado52 · passado53 · passado54
    4 words
  • 159944748807.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Em Casa 3892 @ 25% // 0.108 6010/5
    dishwasher · fix · freezer · garbage · huge · made · make · out · rug · ugly
    10 words
  • 159944748807.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Comida 2877 @ 25% // 0.123 6020/5
    beef · delicious · frying pan · make · pie · pork · smell · strawberry · try · way
    10 words
  • 159944748807.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Rotinas 2892 @ 25% // 0.108 6110/5
    asleep · awake · change · comb · dress · exercise · help · hug · series · shave
    10 words
  • 159944748807.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Natureza 2847 @ 25% // 0.153 // 0.153 6120/5
    airs · blew · blow · climate · colorful · crop · crops · dust · earth · land · landscape · leaf · leaves · natures · planet · rainy · rose · sand · seasons · smoke · soil · stone · sunrise · suns · sunset · universe · volcano · wave · weathers
    29 words
  • 159944748807.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Inovação883 @ 25% // 0.117 // 0.117 6210/5
    after · attachment · blog · by accident · communicate · delete · link · post · reply · social media
    10 words
  • 159944748807.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Educação845 @ 25% // 0.155 // 0.155 6310/5
    application · applications · ask · assignment · chapter · difficulties · difficulty · education · essay · explanation · hurry up · incorrect · institute · knowledge · lecture · meaning · nervous · objective · periods · practice · preparation · presentation · professor · professors · report · section · study · teaching · training
    29 words
  • 159944748807.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Emprego892 @ 25% // 0.108 6320/5
    application · applied · apply · confused · during · full-time · interviews · quit · sign · since
    10 words
  • 159944748807.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Casamento894 @ 25% // 0.106 6330/5 +1 lesson +1 lexemes
    accept · be over · celebrate · deliver · engaged · musician · relative · till · traditional · until
    10 words
  • 1707040261 ••• Test out   0.000Passado 610006410/4 +4 lessons +4 lexemes
    passado61 · passado62 · passado63 · passado64
    4 words
  • 159944748807.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Lembranças892 @ 25% // 0.108 6410/5
    card · caught · come over · didn't use to · joke · kicked · never used to · shy · strict · used to
    10 words
  • 159944748807.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Relações864 @ 25% // 0.136 // 0.136 6420/5
    blind · british · curly · firefighter · haircut · nephew · niece · respect · similar · spouse
    10 words
  • 159944748807.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Contos 2963 @ 25% // 0.037 6510/5
    brave · fight · firework · get burned · get hurt · get wet · greet · palaces · prince · princess
    10 words
  • 159944748807.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Roupas936 @ 25% // 0.064 // 0.064 6520/5
    aren't · away · cotton · high · isn't · quality · sweatshirt · thrown · wasn't · weren't
    10 words

    Vestir e usar

    Quando o assunto é "roupas", os verbos em inglês funcionam da seguinte maneira:

    O nosso verbo "vestir" pode significar tanto "usar" quanto "colocar". Em inglês, "usar" e "colocar" uma roupa são traduzidos com dois verbos diferentes.

    Para dizer que alguém está "usando" uma roupa, usa-se o verbo "to wear". Ele pode ser traduzido como "usar" ou "vestir", mas não "colocar".

    • Ela usa um vestido = She wears a dress
    • Ele está vestindo/usando uma camisa = He is wearing a shirt.

    Já para "colocar/botar", usa-se "to put on", que serve para "vestir", mas não para "usar":

    • They put on a skirt = Elas colocam uma saia
    • He puts on his shoes = Ele coloca os sapatos dele
    • She puts on a skirt = Ela coloca/veste uma saia.

    Em inglês, o verbo "to use" existe, mas não serve para "roupas", a menos que você esteja "utilizando" esta roupa para alguma coisa diferente de vestir:

    • They use a tool = eles usam uma ferramenta
    • They use a shirt to dry the floor = eles usam uma camisa para secar o chão
    • They wear a shirt = eles usam/vestem uma camisa.

    .

    Clothes - Sempre plural?

    Existem alguns substantivos em inglês, assim como também existem em português, que são sempre usados no plural.

    O substantivo "clothes" (roupas) é um deles:

    • Eu gosto da tua roupa = I like your clothes

    A palavra "cloth" existe, mas com outro significado: "pano" ou "tecido".

    Outros substantivos que estão sempre no plural:

    • Glasses = óculos
    • Pants/trousers = calças
  • 159944748807.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Chegada995 @ 25% // 0.005 6610/5
    can't · cancel · canceled · couldn't · fee · shouldn't · tell · won't · wouldn't · you
    10 words
  • 159944748907.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Noticias1000 @ 25% // 0.000 6710/5
    borders · enemy · governments · gun · headline · leader · rob · spy · their · they
    10 words
  • 159944748807.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Zoológico1000 @ 25% // 0.000 6720/5
    beside · earth · front row · jungle · quit · stone · where · which · who · why
    10 words
  • 159944748807.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Romance1000 @ 25% // 0.000 6730/5
    break up · calm · date · how · romantic · social · when · where · who · why
    10 words
  • 1707040261 ••• Test out   0.000Perguntas 210006810/4 +4 lessons +4 lexemes
    perguntas21 · perguntas22 · perguntas23 · perguntas24
    4 words
  • 159944748807.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Festa987 @ 25% // 0.013 6810/5
    day off · hopefully · imagine · increase · pea · roll · seem like · sound like · what · which
    10 words
  • 159944748807.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001A visita1000 @ 25% // 0.000 6820/5
    angry · annoy · communities · get out · grandkid · happy · mood · nervous · reach · sad
    10 words
  • 159944748807.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Entrevista998 @ 25% // 0.002 // 0.002 6910/5
    about · by · feeling · knowledge · monthly · of · ordinary · pay · skill · succeed
    10 words
  • 159944748907.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.001Debate997 @ 25% // 0.003 6920/5
    chosen · completed · media · opinions · paid · right · serious · solve · solved · thought
    10 words
  • 159944748807.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.021Artes996 @ 25% // 0.004 // 0.004 7012/5••
    acts · celebrity · fiction · films · loudly · novel · perform · performance · publish · title
    10 words

    Artigos e instrumentos

    Quando se trata de instrumentos musicais, o inglês possui um comportamento um pouco diferente quanto aos artigos.

    Para certos instrumentos, como "piano", "flute", "guitar" e "violin", por exemplo, é muito mais comum usar o artigo definido "the" nas frases, mesmo se o significado for geral.

    Então, as seguintes traduções estão corretas, embora não pareçam:

    • He plays the piano = Ele toca piano
    • She plays the flute = Ela toca flauta
    • I want to play the guitar = Eu quero tocar guitarra.

    Claro que, as traduções em português usando o artigo não estão erradas. Em português escolhemos usar o artigo se o instrumento for específico, e deixamos sem artigo se for aquele tipo de instrumento em geral.

    É permitido em inglês, mas bem menos comum, deixar de usar este artigo.

  • 159944748807.09.2020 ••• Test out   1.011Sonhos999 @ 25% // 0.001 7021/5
    angel · blow on · cough · minds · nightmare · scary · sidewalk · smooth · touch · truck
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Jogos10007120/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    ability · alike · brilliant · fairly · feeling · how · nickname · unbelievable · unlucky · would you mind
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Halloween10007210/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    costume · do · does · doesn't · don't · fashionable · fit · halloween · so that · tiger
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Passado 710007210/4 +4 lessons +4 lexemes
    passado71 · passado72 · passado73 · passado74
    4 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Casados10007220/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    anniversary · attend · event · have · haven't · honeymoon · rarely · set · than · typical
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Caminhada10007310/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    allowed · ant · direction · nowhere · outdoor · peak · shape · silent · stick · valleys
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Segredos10007320/5 +5 lessons +26 lexemes
    been · by the time · find out about · has been · have been · in secret · lie · notice · realize · secret
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Médico10007330/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    bone · catch · cut · disease · get · get worse · healthier · medical · painful · unhealthy
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Estudos 210007410/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    complicated · essential · hand out · important for · instructor · internship · lecture · necessary to · plenty of · possible to
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Mudança10007420/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    backyard · decorate · get rid of · mail · make · move · save · stressed · tired · worried
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Trânsito10007510/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    busy · close by · drop off · dropped off · get around · lane · on the way to · picking up · rush hour · with
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Sério10007520/5 +5 lessons +26 lexemes
    anything · be · by the way · forgotten · have · like this · no way · old friend · something · spoken
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Verbos 310007610/4 +4 lessons +4 lexemes
    verbos31 · verbos32 · verbos33 · verbos34
    4 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Online 210007620/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    attach · charger · look · look up · plug · plug in · smartphone · update · voicemail · volume
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Política10007710/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    democracy · election · local · not · politician · politics · speech · state · was going to · were going to
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Medos10007720/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    anxious · attack · cliff · earthquake · fear · keep · scared of · shark · spider · swum
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Cinema10007740/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    animated · audience · be · be about · character · horror · independent · romantic · there are · there is
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Campeonato10007810/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    ask · athlete · champion · coach · compete · olympics · root for · tell · tournament · world cup
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Banco 210007820/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    bank teller · checking account · deposit · mobile · not · payment · right away · temporary · transaction · transfer
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Contatos10007910/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    assistant · designer · employee · employer · get to know · i'd like you to meet · let me introduce you to · ma'am · sir · would you mind if
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Natureza 310008010/5 +5 lessons +26 lexemes
    climate · forecast · grew · humid · northeast · northwest · parrot · range · region · wildlife
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Verbos 410008010/4 +4 lessons +4 lexemes
    verbos41 · verbos42 · verbos43 · verbos44
    4 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000O jantar10008020/5 +5 lessons +28 lexemes
    allergy · any · casual · give · give up · groceries · peanut · starving · take · well done
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Show10008030/5 +5 lessons +26 lexemes
    country · do · does · doesn't · don't · guitarist · hard rock · hit · out · play
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Crime10008110/5 +5 lessons +28 lexemes
    certain · mask · protect · regular pps · robbery · search for · thief · thieves · truck · worn
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Dia livre10008120/5 +5 lessons +27 lexemes
    about to · book club · finish · go out with · learn · meet up · monthly · off · routine · since
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Compras 510008210/5 +5 lessons +27 lexemes
    can · can't · fit · fitting room · jewelry store · knowing · many · much · shop for · you
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Décadas10008220/5 +5 lessons +26 lexemes
    could · discovery · if you ask me · invention · nineteen nineties · nineteen sixties · nineteenth · remind · twentieth · twenty-first
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Turismo10008320/5 +5 lessons +26 lexemes
    book · cruise · ferry · go backpacking · if · luxury · one-way · round-trip · wherever · will
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Gratidão10008410/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    appreciate · delighted · elderly · expect · grateful · it was nice of you to · puppy · somehow · unexpected · watch
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Perguntas 310008410/4 +4 lessons +4 lexemes
    perguntas31 · perguntas32 · perguntas33 · perguntas34
    4 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Meu lar10008420/5 +5 lessons +28 lexemes
    adopt · couple · didn't · easygoing · ladder · make · personality · sense of humor · set · upstairs
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Interesses10008510/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    been · cycling · go for a run · has been · have been · how long · jog · league · scuba dive · yoga
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Conversa 210008530/5 +5 lessons +29 lexemes
    a · any · architect · familiar · i don't think we've met · interrupt · introduce · journalist · some · speaking of
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Alguma vez10008610/5 +5 lessons +26 lexemes
    (-en pp) · (no change pp) · (pp adj) · beaten · been · freeze · froze · interest · typically · will
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Que houve?10008710/5 +5 lessons +27 lexemes
    before · comment · complain · complaint · customs · ever · internationally · once before · traveler · when
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Notícias 210008720/5 +5 lessons +27 lexemes
    battle · disaster · law · mayor · political · pollution · recently · support · true · wonder
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Passado 810008810/4 +4 lessons +4 lexemes
    passado81 · passado82 · passado83 · passado84
    4 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Televisão10008810/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    (adj-est) · based on · comedian · episode · most · music video · obvious · season · so far · soap opera
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Décadas 210008820/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    at last · eighteenth · he'd · hero · i'd · invent · recognize · seventies · she'd · you'd
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Amizades10008910/5 +5 lessons +26 lexemes
    even · get · got to · have · have on · instead · plain · sometime soon · why don't · you've got to
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Família 410009010/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    daughter-in-law · great-grandmother · great-grandson · had · hadn't · immediate · in-laws · mother-in-law · son-in-law · year-old
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Queixas10009020/5 +5 lessons +29 lexemes
    blame · hang up · hang up on · negative · put · put away · turn · turn up · unfair · what a
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Que disse?10009110/5 +5 lessons +27 lexemes
    asked · asked if · asking · favor · i bet · personally · promote · sure about · think of · totally
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Religião10009210/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    buddhist · death · had · hindu · jewish · muslim · prayer · priest · take · temple
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Indireto10009210/4 +4 lessons +4 lexemes
    indireto1 · indireto2 · indireto3 · indireto4
    4 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Sugestão10009220/5 +5 lessons +27 lexemes
    could · doubt that · i would · i'd · lamb · option · recommend · vegetarian · would you · you'd
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Mudança 210009230/5 +5 lessons +26 lexemes
    across · did · do · does · ground floor · porch · real estate agent · system · total · utilities
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Lamento10009310/5 +5 lessons +27 lexemes
    ask · ask if · condolences · forever · loss · news · sooner · sorry for · tell · wonder if
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Ambição10009320/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    background · benefit · engineering · future adverbial clauses (change in subject) · future adverbial clauses (same subject) · graduate · industry · out of work · position · scientist
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Automóvel10009410/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    air conditioning · been · car wash · gas station · has · have been · roll down · roll up · tank · trunk
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Comida 310009420/5 +5 lessons +26 lexemes
    'd rather · bitter · diet · flour · he would · he'd · peach · rather · she would · she'd
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Médico 210009520/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    ache · have to be · health insurance · need to be · patient · pregnant · request · reschedule · surgery · symptom
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Escola 510009610/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    absent · elementary school · final exam · material · midterm · participate · participation · preparation · prepare · report card
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Voz Passiva10009610/4 +4 lessons +4 lexemes
    vozpassiva1 · vozpassiva2 · vozpassiva3 · vozpassiva4
    4 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Festa 210009620/5 +5 lessons +26 lexemes
    accent · am i · aren't i · be supposed to · doing · high heel · like · set up · will · won't
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Jornal10009630/5 +5 lessons +27 lexemes
    against · decrease · improvement · increase · protest · there has been · there hasn't been · there have been · there haven't been · unemployment
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Trânsito 210009710/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    'd better · 'd better not · allow · concentrate · farther · for · had better · had better not · parking garage · zone
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Rancho10009810/5 +5 lessons +26 lexemes
    calf · calves · donkey · feed · light · look · ranch · sandy · shade · shore
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Conselho 210009820/5 +5 lessons +26 lexemes
    curriculum · fancy · if he were · if i were · if i were you · if i weren't · permission · permit · second-hand · style
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Ambição 210009910/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    cv · employment · face to face · had · if · if i · if i had · interview · make · role
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Turismo 210009920/5 +5 lessons +26 lexemes
    crew · departure · get into · go on · go through · golf course · hot tub · how far · keep an eye on · welcome
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Verbos 5100010010/4 +4 lessons +4 lexemes
    verbos51 · verbos52 · verbos53 · verbos54
    4 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Fama100010010/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    about · act · acts · award · director · extraordinary · of all time · recording · star in · stars in
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Cozinha100010020/5 +5 lessons +26 lexemes
    boil · grill · noodle · pour · raw · shake · smell · spice · sticky · taste
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Conversa 3100010110/5 +5 lessons +27 lexemes
    anyway · as much as · before i forget · change the subject · even · fight · hasn't · haven't · miss · so
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Loja 2100010210/5 +5 lessons +26 lexemes
    bra · button · collar · label · return · silk · stripe · thick · would · wouldn't
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Discurso100010220/5 +5 lessons +26 lexemes
    approximate · approximately · ladies and gentlemen · lead · led · look forward to · previous · previously · promise · toast
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Meu lar 2100010310/5 +5 lessons +27 lexemes
    electrical · faucet · feet wide · fit · gas · i would have · i would not have · i wouldn't have · inches wide · would you have
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Erros100010410/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    disappoint · drawn · drunk · go the right way · had · if i had · mistaken · stupid · warn · would have had
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Condicional100010410/4 +4 lessons +4 lexemes
    condicional1 · condicional2 · condicional3 · condicional4
    4 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Medos 2100010420/5 +5 lessons +26 lexemes
    breathe · closer · get scared · in · let me · riskiest · scream · silence · weird · whisper
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Internet100010510/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    device · get used to · giant · graphics · headphones · install · once a · press · robot · used to
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Convidados100010520/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    'd · copy · going to · hear of · i guess · on the · supposed to · translation · work · would
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Tradição100010530/5 +5 lessons +27 lexemes
    barbecue · carve · cider · fair · front yard · jack-o-lantern · pumpkin · road trip · stand · summertime
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000O jantar 2100010610/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    a side of · appetizer · award · be · dairy · like · napkin · only · seated · should
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Ecologia100010710/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    are being · are not being · being · habitat · is being · need to be · plant · pollute · universe · what is being done
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Bom gosto100010720/5 +5 lessons +27 lexemes
    comic · decide · direct · display · drama · entertainment · if i had · if i'd · would have · would've
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000V Passiva 2100010810/4 +4 lessons +4 lexemes
    vpassiva21 · vpassiva22 · vpassiva23 · vpassiva24
    4 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Beleza100010820/5 +5 lessons +27 lexemes
    appearance · barbershop · by · cut · do · expert · get · have · salon · stylish
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Pechincha100010910/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    afford to · aisle · brand · coupon · good deal · logo · sale · what · what to · whatever
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Esporte 3100010920/5 +5 lessons +27 lexemes
    cyclist · expect to · gymnastics · race · swimmer · there might be · there might not be · there should not be · there shouldn't be · track
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Saúde 4100011010/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    check-up · good for you · liquid · not · prepare · procedure · sick day · tell · tongue · x-ray
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Emprego 2100011020/5 +5 lessons +29 lexemes
    basically · contract · did you say · i hope i · manage · person who · report · shortly · thing that · you know
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Viagem 3100011110/5 +5 lessons +26 lexemes
    ahead of time · america · central · fasten · flight attendant · had · hadn't · immigrant · permanent resident · select
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Crime 2100011120/5 +5 lessons +26 lexemes
    corruption · demand · fine · gotten · known · likely · maximum · meanwhile · minimum · official
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000História100011130/5 +5 lessons +26 lexemes
    civilization · conquer · defeat · despite · disappear · human · tool · trade · victory · yet
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Desejos100011210/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    afraid · as many · habit · if only · lottery · marry · regret · silly · unlikely · wish
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Permissão100011310/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    's · absolutely not · beg · curfew · how about if · if that's the case · school night · talk it over · tell · that would be
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Saúde 5100011410/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    could · have trouble · heel · hip · infection · side effect · swollen · they say · under the weather · yawn
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Meu lar 3100011420/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    attic · brand new · commute · dream · fireplace · landlord · make it · story · suburbs · wouldn't it be
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Conselho 3100011500/5 +5 lessons +26 lexemes
    concerned · could have · couldn't have · emotional · get the feeling · keep · leave · should have · shouldn't have · total
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Trabalho 2100011610/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    a certain · be able to · can · come up with · could · likely to · ly · may · qualification · scheduled to
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Jardim100011620/5 +5 lessons +27 lexemes
    bush · cut down · gardener · green thumb · ground · have to be · hire · seed · should · shouldn't be
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Verbos 6100011710/4 +4 lessons +4 lexemes
    verbos61 · verbos62 · verbos63 · verbos64
    4 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Férias100011710/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    deck · get away · itinerary · more · not only · off the coast of · stormy · sunburn · take · tropical
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Reunião 2100011720/5 +5 lessons +24 lexemes
    (verb in pp) · ages · back then · campus · find out · get over · influence · neither of · taste · whoever
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Campanha100011810/5 +5 lessons +24 lexemes
    campaign · candidate · going to be · opponent · put · threat · violence · will · will be · will have
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Clima 2100011820/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    compared to · freezing · get cold · humidity · it's · out there · percent chance of · rainbow · sure to · turn
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Riscos100011910/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    careful · edge · fire · from now on · get yourself · glass · kill · no offense · sharp · stand back
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Rotinas 3100012010/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    any chance · arrange · cardboard · clear the table · company · errand · load · run to · should · should be
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Cliché100012020/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    American dream · american · diverse · first impression · might have · might not have · myth · reputation · shake · welcoming
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Erros 2100012110/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    back · disagreement · get · hadn't · if only · judging by · keep · misunderstand · nothing to do with · shut up
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Estudos 3100012210/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    faculty · it · major · notes · philosophy · senior · sitting · start · thesis · tutor
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Futuro 2100012210/4 +4 lessons +4 lexemes
    futuro21 · futuro22 · futuro23 · futuro24
    4 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Nostalgia100012310/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    back · long-distance · lose touch · memorable · no wonder · nothing in common · parade · take turns · we'd · would
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Gostos 4100012320/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    appealing · by · can't get enough of · don't · homemade · housewarming · how · lovely · show up · up to
    10 words
  • 1707040261
    •••   0.000Emprego 3100012410/5 +5 lessons +25 lexemes
    availability · call in sick · cut · decline · retirement · spreadsheet · that reminds me · the reason that · the thing is that · unacceptable
    10 words
  • 1707040261 ••• Test out   0.000Expressões e Ditados1000100010/2 +2 lessons +16 lexemes
    all · best · bird · book · can't · come · don't · leg · live · makes
    10 words

    Cada língua tem suas próprias maneiras de expressar diferentes ideias. É isso que as torna únicas e especiais.

    Nesta seção, encontraremos traduções muito subjetivas, que em grande parte dos casos não são traduções diretas. Por serem ditados e expressões populares, em alguns casos a tradução exata pode até não significar absolutamente nada na outra língua.

    Por exemplo:

    • Aquele carro custa os olhos da cara.

    Essa é uma expressão que a maioria dos brasileiros conhece, significa que é caro demais. Mas essa frase traduzida não é nada comum em inglês: "that car costs the eyes from the face".

    Em inglês, eles usam uma outra expressão para a mesma ideia:

    • That car costs an arm and a leg = Aquele carro custa um braço e uma perna.

    Assim, em vários casos teremos traduções que não são óbvias, pois o objetivo nesta lição é apresentar as expressões e os ditados populares consagrados em cada língua.


    Obs: na unidade de Expressões e Ditados aceitamos também algumas formas de linguagem informal, como "pra", por exemplo. (Mas isto não se aplica ao restante do curso)


    As lições de bônus não impedem de continuar com as lições normais da árvore. Normalmente elas possuem coisas que não foram ensinadas até agora no curso. Se estiver muito complicado, você pode pular e tentar mais tarde.

  • 1707040261 ••• Test out   0.000Cantadas1000100020/3 +3 lessons +21 lexemes
    cover · do · from · hello · hot · look · love · somebody · want · your
    10 words
0.200

··········· Table of Contents ···········

Saudações updated 2022-01-28 ^

Traduções não literais

Aqui aprenderemos algumas frases comuns do dia a dia.

É importante saber que nem sempre as frases são traduzidas palavra por palavra de uma língua para outra. Às vezes, uma expressão significa algo bem diferente das palavras sozinhas.

Vamos ver, por exemplo, as expressões de agradecimento:

  • Thank you = obrigado/obrigada.
  • You are welcome = de nada.

Se traduzirmos "you are welcome" ao pé da letra, teremos "você é bem vindo", mas como expressão, é a resposta que se usa em inglês quando alguém nos agradece: "de nada".

Há duas formas comuns de agradecimento:

  • Thanks - Uma forma mais descontraída, informal
  • Thank you - Mais formal

Bom dia, boa tarde e boa noite

Em inglês as expressões são:

Português Inglês Explicação
Bom dia Good morning "Morning" significa "manhã", mas essa é a expressão para "bom dia"
Boa tarde Good afternoon -
Boa noite Good evening Usada no início da noite, para introdução
Boa noite Good night Usada no final da noite, para despedida

Quando usar "no" and "not"?

Na maioria dos casos, no é usado antes de substantivos, quando significa nenhum.
not é empregado para tornar negativa uma palavra, frase ou oração.

Exemplos:

Eles são homens.

  • Tradução: They are men. (Eles são homens)
  • Negativa: They are not men. (Eles não são homens.)

Eu não tenho dinheiro.

  • Tradução: I do not have money. (Eu não tenho dinheiro.)
  • Tradução significando nenhum: I have no money. (Eu não tenho dinheiro nenhum.)

.

Viagem updated 2022-01-28 ^

Os países e os artigos

Em inglês, a grande maioria dos nomes de países, cidades, estados e continentes não usa artigos.

Não se diz, por exemplo "The France". Diz-se apenas "France (A França)".

  • Ele mudou-se para a Itália = He moved to Italy
  • O Brazil é lindo = Brazil is beautiful
  • I like Europe = Eu gosto da Europa

As exceções acontecem quando os nomes são substantivos normais, como esses exemplos:

  • The United States of America (USA) = Os Estados Unidos da América (EUA)
  • The United Kingdom = O Reino Unido
  • The United Arab Emirates = Os Emirados Árabes Unidos

Tirado as exceções, nomes próprios, mesmo que não sejam países, não usam artigos.

Algumas expressões confusas

"have been to"

Essa expressão, quando conjugada, significa literalmente "(eu) estive em", "(ele) esteve em", etc.

  • Have you been to Brazil? = Você esteve no Brasil?

Mas muitas vezes ela é usada com o significado de "você foi ao Brasil?"

  • Have you ever Been to France? = Você (alguma vez) já foi à França?

"to be abroad"

A palavra "abroad" não é traduzida com uma palavra exata em Português, mas seu significado é "fora do país":

  • He is abroad = Ele está fora do país

Família updated 2022-01-28 ^

Alguns falsos cognatos

Atenção às palavras parecidas que podem nos enganar:

  • parent em inglês, significa "pai ou mãe", e não parente.
  • relative significa parente.

Gêneros e plurais

Em inglês, muitos termos para descrever parentes possuem gênero, diferente da maioria dos outros substantivos, pois são diretamente ligados a seres humanos.

Assim, temos por exemplo palavras específicas para "irmão" e "irmã":

  • Irmão = brother
  • Irmã = sister
  • Tio = Uncle
  • Tia = Aunt
  • Sobrinho = nephew
  • Sobrinha = niece

Entre outros...

Mas cuidado! No plural, alguns deles continuam sendo exclusivamente do mesmo gênero.

Ao dizer "fathers", por exemplo, você está dizendo "pais", mas não no sentido de "pai e mãe" e sim no sentido de "pais homens". Para dizer "pais" no sentido de "pai e mãe", usa-se "parents".

Veja alguns exemplos:

Mothers = mães
Fathers = pais (somente homens!)
Parents = pais (pais e mães)

Sisters = irmãs
Brothers = irmãos (somente homens!)
Siblings = irmãos (irmãos e irmãs)

Daughters = filhas
Sons = filhos (somente homens!)
Children = filhos (filhos e filhas)

Comida updated 2022-01-28 ^

As comidas e o verbo "to have"

Para comer e beber, o inglês tem dois verbos bem claros:

  • To eat = comer
  • To drink = beber
  • I eat an apple = eu como uma maçã
  • She drinks water = ela bebe água

Mas existem outras formas de dizer "comer/beber" em inglês...

Nas lições anteriores, aprendemos que o "have" significa "ter/possuir". Mas este é um verbo muito versátil, ele tem várias funções. Quando é usado com comidas, também pode significar comer/beber, além de "ter/possuir":

  • Breakfast = café da manhã
  • Lunch = almoço
  • Coffee = café
  • I have breakfast = eu tomo café da manhã
  • I have lunch = eu almoço
  • They have coffee = eles bebem café

Beef não é bife? - Falsos cognatos

Beef e bife são o que chamamos falsos cognatos, false friends em inglês. São palavras com ortografia semelhante, mas significados diferentes. Normalmente elas têm a mesma origem, como o latim, por exemplo.

Assim, beef refere-se à carne bovina de vaca/de boi, carne vermelha. Mas se você quiser pedir um bife em um restaurante em um país de língua inglesa, você deverá usar a palavra steak.

Então:

  • beef = carne bovina
  • steak = bife

Inclusive, existe até a combinação beefsteak, que significa bife de carne bovina.

Outro exemplo legal é lunch, que significa almoço:

  • Lunch = almoço
  • Snack = lanche

Roupas updated 2022-01-28 ^

Vestir e usar

Quando o assunto é "roupas", os verbos em inglês funcionam da seguinte maneira:

O nosso verbo "vestir" pode significar tanto "usar" quanto "colocar". Em inglês, "usar" e "colocar" uma roupa são traduzidos com dois verbos diferentes.

Para dizer que alguém está "usando" uma roupa, usa-se o verbo "to wear". Ele pode ser traduzido como "usar" ou "vestir", mas não "colocar".

  • Ela usa um vestido = She wears a dress
  • Ele está vestindo/usando uma camisa = He is wearing a shirt.

Já para "colocar/botar", usa-se "to put on", que serve para "vestir", mas não para "usar":

  • They put on a skirt = Elas colocam uma saia
  • He puts on his shoes = Ele coloca os sapatos dele
  • She puts on a skirt = Ela coloca/veste uma saia.

Em inglês, o verbo "to use" existe, mas não serve para "roupas", a menos que você esteja "utilizando" esta roupa para alguma coisa diferente de vestir:

  • They use a tool = eles usam uma ferramenta
  • They use a shirt to dry the floor = eles usam uma camisa para secar o chão
  • They wear a shirt = eles usam/vestem uma camisa.

.

Clothes - Sempre plural?

Existem alguns substantivos em inglês, assim como também existem em português, que são sempre usados no plural.

O substantivo "clothes" (roupas) é um deles:

  • Eu gosto da tua roupa = I like your clothes

A palavra "cloth" existe, mas com outro significado: "pano" ou "tecido".

Outros substantivos que estão sempre no plural:

  • Glasses = óculos
  • Pants/trousers = calças

Artes updated 2022-01-28 ^

Artigos e instrumentos

Quando se trata de instrumentos musicais, o inglês possui um comportamento um pouco diferente quanto aos artigos.

Para certos instrumentos, como "piano", "flute", "guitar" e "violin", por exemplo, é muito mais comum usar o artigo definido "the" nas frases, mesmo se o significado for geral.

Então, as seguintes traduções estão corretas, embora não pareçam:

  • He plays the piano = Ele toca piano
  • She plays the flute = Ela toca flauta
  • I want to play the guitar = Eu quero tocar guitarra.

Claro que, as traduções em português usando o artigo não estão erradas. Em português escolhemos usar o artigo se o instrumento for específico, e deixamos sem artigo se for aquele tipo de instrumento em geral.

É permitido em inglês, mas bem menos comum, deixar de usar este artigo.

Expressões e Ditados updated 2021-09-29 ^

Cada língua tem suas próprias maneiras de expressar diferentes ideias. É isso que as torna únicas e especiais.

Nesta seção, encontraremos traduções muito subjetivas, que em grande parte dos casos não são traduções diretas. Por serem ditados e expressões populares, em alguns casos a tradução exata pode até não significar absolutamente nada na outra língua.

Por exemplo:

  • Aquele carro custa os olhos da cara.

Essa é uma expressão que a maioria dos brasileiros conhece, significa que é caro demais. Mas essa frase traduzida não é nada comum em inglês: "that car costs the eyes from the face".

Em inglês, eles usam uma outra expressão para a mesma ideia:

  • That car costs an arm and a leg = Aquele carro custa um braço e uma perna.

Assim, em vários casos teremos traduções que não são óbvias, pois o objetivo nesta lição é apresentar as expressões e os ditados populares consagrados em cada língua.


Obs: na unidade de Expressões e Ditados aceitamos também algumas formas de linguagem informal, como "pra", por exemplo. (Mas isto não se aplica ao restante do curso)


As lições de bônus não impedem de continuar com as lições normais da árvore. Normalmente elas possuem coisas que não foram ensinadas até agora no curso. Se estiver muito complicado, você pode pular e tentar mais tarde.


7 skills with tips and notes

 
5.053