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Merrick

75333 XP 730.
1393#34622
11314#27615

Learning Hawaiian from English

Level 24 · 26454 XP

Crowns: 168/228

Skills: 35

Lessons: 128

Lexemes: 731

Strength: 97%

Created: 2015-08-15
Last Goal: 2021-12-04
Daily Goal: 10 XP
Timezone: UTC-5

Last update: 2021-12-05 07:16:50 GMT+3


114277003

Hawaiian Skills by StrengthCrownsNameOriginal Order

  • -16 Intro 111 @ 100% 0 •••
    aloha · e · e · hele · honolulu · kawika · kaʻiulani · lei · mahalo · ʻae · ʻai · ʻaʻole · ʻōlelo
    13 words

    Aloha!

    Welcome to the Hawaiian course!


    Hawaiian spelling

    ʻOkina

    The ʻ you will see in words like ʻae and ʻaʻole (yes and no), is called the ʻokina. The ʻokina is a glottal stop, which can be compared to the stopping of your voice between uh and oh in uh-oh. (The name of this letter literally translates to "cutting off, separation".)

    Kahakō

    The ¯ you will see in words like ʻōlelo (language, speak) and kāne (man) is called the kahakō. The kahakō prolongs a vowel.

    It is important not to forget an ʻokina or a kahakō, because the word could have a very different meaning without them.


    E

    Imperative E

    E is used before an action to signify a command or a suggestion. When you say, "E hele!", you're telling someone to "Go!"

    Vocative E

    E is used before a noun (usually a person) to indicate that the person is being addressed.

    Ex. Mahalo, e Kawika. (Thanks, Kawika.) ➜ You are saying thanks to Kawika.


    Mahalo

    Mahalo is taught in this skill to express gratitude, to say "thank you", but it can also mean "to admire".

    Lei

    You may be familiar with the word lei as a noun but youʻll notice that the word "lei" in this skill can also be used as a verb. This is quite common in ʻōlelo Hawaiʻi.

  • -16 Determiners21 @ 100% 0 •••
    hale · ka · kaikamahine · ke · keiki · keiki kāne · kēia · kēlā · nā · wahine · wāhine
    11 words

    Determiners

    Ke vs. Ka

    "Ka", "Ke" and "Nā" are determiners that can sometimes be translated as "the". Use ke when the noun that follows begins with the letters K, E, A, or O. Use ka with almost all others! This is commonly referred to as the KEAO rule. Warning: there will be exceptions (don't worry, we'll let you know which ones they are!).

    Plurals: nā

    is only used to say "the" when the noun is plural. Certain words like "wahine" are pronounced with a longer "ā" when plural and hence spelled with a kahakō (macron), "wāhine".

    Kēlā & Kēnā

    "Kēlā" and "Kēnā" both mean "that". The difference is kēlā refers to "that" which is away from the listener and kēnā refers to "that" which is near the listener. Cultural note of interest: Hawaiians are keenly aware of space and time.

    So in terms of distance from the speaker, remember this order: kēiā - kēnā - kēlā. (this - that (near the listener) - that over there)

  • -16 Greetings and Goodbyes31 @ 100% 0 •••
    a hui hou · au · hauʻoli · ia · kākou · kāua · maikaʻi · mālama · pehea · pono · ʻo · ʻoe
    12 words

    Aloha

    Aloha is used to express the feeling one feels when greeting someone or departing (it may be love, sorrow, joy, etc.). Therefore, this greeting of "aloha" always includes the speaker because "aloha" begins with the one who says it.

    Personal Pronouns

    "We"

    ʻŌlelo Hawaiʻi has a few extra pronouns, in this skill you are introduced to two pronouns used for "we" which includes the listener. Think about it like, kāua= "you and I" = "WE 2" and kākou = "all of you and me" = "WE ALL". Eventually, you will learn that we also have two more pronouns for we that exclude the listener (māua and mākou).

    ʻo ia

    The subject pronouns "he" and "she" are always marked with the subject marker ʻo.

  • -16 Polite Expressions32 @ 100% 0 •••
    akua · auē · hui · iesū · kala · mai · pū · ʻana
    8 words

    "Mai" directs the action toward the speaker and follows the action. "Mai" can also be used with a few of the verbs in the Intro skill; hele, ʻōlelo and lei.

  • -16 Personal Detail41 @ 100% 0 •••
    aha · haumāna · he · hea · inoa · kona · kou · koʻu · kumu · kāne · mahiʻai · mākaʻi · no · wai · ʻo
    15 words

    ʻO wai

    "ʻO" marks the proper noun subject but is also part of this particular grammatical structure.

    ʻO wai kou inoa. literally means "Who is your name?".

  • -16 ʻOhana51 @ 100% 0 •••
    akamai · hawaiʻi · lōʻihi · makua kāne · makuahine · pōkole · tūtū kāne · tūtū wahine · uʻi · ʻanakala · ʻanakē · ʻohana · ʻoluʻolu
    13 words
  • -16 Weather52 @ 100% 0 •••
    anilā · anuanu · hū · i · ikiiki · lā · makani · mao · mālie · nani · o · polalauahi · ua · wela · ʻōmalumalu
    15 words

    O

    This "O" without the ʻokina (glottal stop) means "of".

    I

    The "i" used in this skill is used to mark a time phrase.

    Polalauahi

    Polalauahi translates to "vog, haze" or the adjectives "voggy, hazy". Vog (don't confuse it with fog) is a contraction of volcano smog; it refers to the air pollution caused by a volcano.

  • -16 Household61 @ 100% 0 •••
    aia · hoʻihoʻi · hoʻomaʻemaʻe · hoʻopio · hoʻā · i · kelepona · kukui · kī · lumi kuke · lumi moe · ma · mea · pani · papahele · puka · puka aniani · pākaukau · pāʻani · wehe
    20 words
  • -16 Likes & Dislikes71 @ 100% 0 •••
    a i ʻole · a me · hala kahiki · hea · heʻe nalu · hoa hānau · hou · hua ʻai · hula · hīmeni · iʻa · kinipōpō · lau ʻai · maiʻa · makemake · manakō · poʻe · puni · pīʻai · uliuli · ʻawa · ʻulaʻula · ʻīlio · ʻōhelo papa
    24 words
  • -16 Food 181 @ 100% 0 •••
    huʻihuʻi · inu · kalo · kope · kuke · kuki kokoleka · kōʻala · laiki · laulau · moa · nui · palaoa · pia · poi · poke · puaʻa kālua · puhi · pūlehu · wai · wai hua ʻai · waiū · ʻono · ʻuala · ʻulu
    24 words
  • -16 Numbers 182 @ 100% 0 •••

    0 words
  • 05 Dates91 @ 100% 0 •••

    0 words
  • 05 Telling Time92 @ 100% 0 •••

    0 words
  • 05 Food 2101 @ 75% 25 •••

    0 words
  • 05 Basic Directions102 @ 100% 0 •••

    0 words
  • 05 Leisure Activities111 @ 100% 0 •••

    0 words
  • 05 Making Purchases112 @ 100% 0 •••

    0 words
  • 05 Ordering Food121 @ 100% 0 •••

    0 words
  • 05 Habits122 @ 100% 0 •••

    0 words
  • 05 Determiners 2123 @ 100% 0 •••

    0 words

    A vs. O class nouns

    No, weʻre not trying to make things difficult by having two classes of nouns. Hopefully this will clarify any confusion you may have in figuring out when to choose between “A” possessives and “O” possessives.

    It is very important to understand that Hawaiians have a keen understanding of space, time and in this case, relations. Things that are possessed are divided into 2 classes and reflected in the use of the appropriate possessive.

    “O” class possessions include primary relationships; relationships that are in place at birth, akua, makua, kupuna, siblings, cousins, also includes spatial relationships of one’s mauli to objects (often described as being underneath, on top or inside these things) like one’s house, car, canoe, chair, clothes or similar.

    “A” class possessions include secondary relationships; relationships that one chooses, spouse, children, grandchildren, nieces and nephews, also includes things that you can choose to possess. If a possession can be both “O” or “A”, err on the side of “O”.

    The best advice is to follow the examples given or ask if you’re wondering!

  • 05 O and A Class131 @ 100% 0 •••

    0 words

    A vs. O class nouns

    No, weʻre not trying to make things difficult by having two classes of nouns. Hopefully this will clarify any confusion you may have in figuring out when to choose between “A” possessives and “O” possessives.

    It is very important to understand that Hawaiians have a keen understanding of space, time and in this case, relations. Things that are possessed are divided into 2 classes and reflected in the use of the appropriate possessive.

    O class possessions include primary relationships; relationships that are in place at birth, akua, makua, kupuna, siblings, cousins, also includes spatial relationships of one’s mauli to objects (often described as being underneath, on top or inside these things) like one’s house, car, canoe, chair, clothes or similar.

    A class possessions include secondary relationships; relationships that one chooses, spouse, children, grandchildren, nieces and nephews, also includes things that you can choose to possess. If a possession can be both “O” or “A”, err on the side of “O”.

    The best advice is to follow the examples given or ask if you’re wondering!

  • 05 Home Life142 @ 100% 0 •••

    0 words
  • 05 ʻOhana 2143 @ 100% 0 •••

    0 words
  • 05 Social Interactions151 @ 75% 25 •••

    0 words

    Aku

    The particle aku is the opposite of the particle mai. Aku directs the action away from the speaker. Aku can also often change the meaning of certain verbs.

    Mai English Aku English
    aʻo mai to learn aʻo aku to teach
    kūʻai mai to buy kūʻai aku to sell
    uhaele mai to come uhaele aku to go
  • 05 Numbers 2152 @ 100% 0 •••

    0 words
  • 05 School 1161 @ 100% 0 •••

    0 words
  • 05 ʻOhana 3162 @ 100% 0 •••

    0 words
  • 05 School 2171 @ 100% 0 •••

    0 words
  • 05 Sports182 @ 75% 25 •••

    0 words
  • 05 Playing Music173 @ 75% 25 •••

    0 words
  • 23 Exercise181 @ 100% 0 •••

    0 words
  • 23 Making Purchases 2182 @ 100% 0 •••

    0 words
  • 32 Directions 2192 @ 100% 0 •••

    0 words
  • 41 Likes & Dislikes 2201 @ 100% 0 •••

    0 words
  • 41 Body Care212 @ 100% 0 •••

    0 words
  • 50 Mental Wellness211 100 •••

    0 words
  • 50 Body-Care 100 •••

    0 words
  • 50 Describing People213 100 •••

    0 words

2021-12-05
0.005

Intro 1 updated 2021-02-15

Aloha!

Welcome to the Hawaiian course!

Hawaiian spelling

ʻOkina

The ʻ you will see in words like ʻae and ʻaʻole (yes and no), is called the ʻokina. The ʻokina is a glottal stop, which can be compared to the stopping of your voice between uh and oh in uh-oh. (The name of this letter literally translates to "cutting off, separation".)

Kahakō

The ¯ you will see in words like ʻōlelo (language, speak) and kāne (man) is called the kahakō. The kahakō prolongs a vowel.

It is important not to forget an ʻokina or a kahakō, because the word could have a very different meaning without them.

E

Imperative E

E is used before an action to signify a command or a suggestion. When you say, "E hele!", you're telling someone to "Go!"

Vocative E

E is used before a noun (usually a person) to indicate that the person is being addressed.

Ex. Mahalo, e Kawika. (Thanks, Kawika.) ➜ You are saying thanks to Kawika.

Mahalo

Mahalo is taught in this skill to express gratitude, to say "thank you", but it can also mean "to admire".

Lei

You may be familiar with the word lei as a noun but you'll notice that the word "lei" in this skill can also be used as a verb. This is quite common in ʻōlelo Hawaiʻi.

Determiners updated 2021-02-15

Determiners

Ke vs. Ka

"Ka", "Ke" and "Nā" are determiners that can sometimes be translated as "the". Use ke when the noun that follows begins with the letters K, E, A, or O. Use ka with almost all others! This is commonly referred to as the KEAO rule. Warning: there will be exceptions (don't worry, we'll let you know which ones they are!).

Plurals: nā

is only used to say "the" when the noun is plural. Certain words like "wahine" are pronounced with a longer "ā" when plural and hence spelled with a kahakō (macron), "wāhine".

Kēlā & Kēnā

"Kēlā" and "Kēnā" both mean "that". The difference is kēlā refers to "that" which is away from the listener and kēnā refers to "that" which is near the listener. Cultural note of interest: Hawaiians are keenly aware of space and time.

So in terms of distance from the speaker, remember this order: kēia - kēnā - kēlā. (this - that (near the listener) - that over there)

Greetings and Goodbyes updated 2021-02-15

Aloha

Aloha is used to express the feeling one feels when greeting someone or departing (it may be love, sorrow, joy, etc.). Therefore, this greeting of "aloha" always includes the speaker because "aloha" begins with the one who says it.

Personal Pronouns

"We"

ʻŌlelo Hawaiʻi has a few extra pronouns, in this skill you are introduced to two pronouns used for "we" which includes the listener. Think about it like, kāua= "you and I" = "WE 2" and kākou = "all of you and me" = "WE ALL". Eventually, you will learn that we also have two more pronouns for we that exclude the listener (māua and mākou).

ʻo ia

The subject pronouns "he" and "she" are always marked with the subject marker ʻo.

Polite Expressions updated 2021-02-15

"Mai" directs the action toward the speaker and follows the action. "Mai" can also follow a few of the verbs in the Intro skill; hele, ʻōlelo and lei.

Personal Detail updated 2021-02-15

ʻO wai

"ʻO" marks the proper noun subject but is also part of this particular grammatical structure.

ʻO wai kou inoa. literally means "Who is your name?".

Weather updated 2021-02-15

O

This "O" without the ʻokina (glottal stop) means "of".

I

The "i" used in this skill is used to mark a time phrase.

Polalauahi

Polalauahi translates to "vog, haze" or the adjectives "voggy, hazy". Vog (don't confuse it with fog) is a contraction of volcano smog; it refers to the air pollution caused by a volcano.

Determiners 2 updated 2021-02-15

A vs. O class nouns

No, weʻre not trying to make things difficult by having two classes of nouns. Hopefully this will clarify any confusion you may have in figuring out when to choose between “A” possessives and “O” possessives.

It is very important to understand that Hawaiians have a keen understanding of space, time and in this case, relations. Things that are possessed are divided into 2 classes and reflected in the use of the appropriate possessive.

“O” class possessions include primary relationships; relationships that are in place at birth, akua, makua, kupuna, siblings, cousins, also includes spatial relationships of one’s mauli to objects (often described as being underneath, on top or inside these things) like one’s house, car, canoe, chair, clothes or similar.

“A” class possessions include secondary relationships; relationships that one chooses, spouse, children, grandchildren, nieces and nephews, also includes things that you can choose to possess. If a possession can be both “O” or “A”, err on the side of “O”.

The best advice is to follow the examples given or ask if you’re wondering!

O and A Class updated 2021-02-15

A vs. O class nouns

No, weʻre not trying to make things difficult by having two classes of nouns. Hopefully this will clarify any confusion you may have in figuring out when to choose between “A” possessives and “O” possessives.

It is very important to understand that Hawaiians have a keen understanding of space, time and in this case, relations. Things that are possessed are divided into 2 classes and reflected in the use of the appropriate possessive.

O class possessions include primary relationships; relationships that are in place at birth, akua, makua, kupuna, siblings, cousins, also includes spatial relationships of one’s mauli to objects (often described as being underneath, on top or inside these things) like one’s house, car, canoe, chair, clothes or similar.

A class possessions include secondary relationships; relationships that one chooses, spouse, children, grandchildren, nieces and nephews, also includes things that you can choose to possess. If a possession can be both “O” or “A”, err on the side of “O”.

The best advice is to follow the examples given or ask if you’re wondering!

Social Interactions updated 2021-02-15

Aku

The particle aku is the opposite of the particle mai. Aku directs the action away from the speaker. Aku can also often change the meaning of certain verbs.

Mai English Aku English
aʻo mai to learn aʻo aku to teach
kūʻai mai to buy kūʻai aku to sell
uhaele mai to come uhaele aku to go

9 skills with tips and notes

 
3.788