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nabana4

nabana

296022 XP#59521
667.
1372#47044
6565.

Learning English from Japanese

Level 25 · 291488 XP
261488 XP beyond level 25

Crowns: 504/816
84.6% complete · 105 sessions to L1 tree · 19 days to go

Skills: 115/136
85% complete

Lessons: 548/671
81.7% complete · 19 days to go
2022-06-14

Lexemes: 3826/4394
You discovered 87% of available words/lexemes

Strength: 88%
66427120

Created: 2018-08-02
Last Goal: 2022-05-26
Daily Goal: 50 XP
Timezone: UTC+9

Last update: 2022-04-29 22:47:05 GMT+3


411905504

XP per Skill (4 weeks)raw

カフェで
 
自己紹介
 
自宅
 
都市
 
昼食
 
日常生活
 
人物
 
仕事
 
家族
 
アパート
 
食べ物
 
電車の旅
 
買い物
 
パーティー
 
方向
 
天気
 
私の一日
 
デート
 
週末
 
友達
 
スポーツ
 
レストラン
 
観光
 
パーティー2
 
休み
 
ホテル
 
学校で
 
料理
 
牧場
 
ピクニック
 
健康
 
オフィス
 
祝日
 
用事
 
大学
 
先週
 
過去の話
42XP
動物園
 
デパート
 
イギリス
86XP
友達作り
217XP
家探し
342XP
実家
20XP
昨夜
 
予定
 
才能
 
忙しい日
 
キャンプ
 
世界旅行
 
家事
 
人間関係
 
天気予報
 
偉人
 
首都
 
病院
 
カフェ
 
経験
 
ホテル 2
 
家の掃除
 
調理
 
噂話
 
友情
 
警察署
 
キャリア
 
文句
 
暇なとき
 
健康な生活
 
食料品店
 
アドバイス
 
お祝い
 
冒険
 
会話
 
新居
 
忘れもの
 
お金
 
外食
 
大変な日
 
近所
 
映画
 
なんて日だ
 
飛行機
 
スポーツ2
 
家族2
 
自然
 
旅行会社
 
のみの市
 
楽しい一日
 
電話中
 
教育
 
服装
 
人生
 
電子機器
 
文学
 
面接
 
レシピ
 
ニュース
 
公共交通
 
言い訳
 
意見
 
夏休み
 
買い物2
 
仕事2
 
市内観光
 
健康2
 
家事2
41XP
寝る時間
126XP
犯罪
124XP
習慣
130XP
ヨーロッパ
55XP
オンライン
23XP
フェス
 
おしゃべり
 
銀行
 
結婚
 
イタリア
149XP
道に迷う
 
シドニー
 
今週やること
 
同窓会
 
大使館
 
ハロウィーン
 
来学期
 
プロム
 
新しい仕事
 
あの頃
 
サファリ
 
ビュッフェ
 
好きな本
 
試験
 
親族
 
大学生活
 
通勤
 
テレビ
 
ネット通販
 
車の旅
 
歯医者
 

Skills by StrengthCrownsDateNameOriginal Order

  • 1685120209 •••   6.186カフェで0 @ 100%1218/18
    and · coffee · hat · hello · muffin · neat · salad · soda · tea · welcome
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   6.186自己紹介0 @ 100%2118/18
    Australia · I · am · beautiful · bite · from · good morning · is · nice to meet you · ping
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   6.246自宅25 @ 75%2224/24
    by · car · far · house · is · my · that · this · this is · your
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   6.246都市50 @ 50%3124/24
    city · cute · let's go to · mall · museum · near · the · where · win · zoo
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   6.246昼食0 @ 100%4124/24
    dollar · dollars · good afternoon · hamburger · how much · hungry · loud · one · tour · two
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   6.246日常生活0 @ 100%4224/24
    English · a lot · cook · day · every · look · read · really · seed · work
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   6.246人物25 @ 75%4324/24
    a · am · dad · doctor · dog · friend · mom · my · student · teacher
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   6.306仕事25 @ 75%5230/30
    at · busy · calendar · company · man · manager · office · on · park · works
    10 words
  • 153363657207.08.2018 •••   6.306家族25 @ 75%6130/30
    Japanese · cabs · family · grandma · is · name · of · phase · photo · speak · speaks
    11 words
  • 1685120209 •••   6.306アパート25 @ 75%7130/30
    's · apartment · bedroom · live · lives · pretty · price · small · smile · there
    10 words
  • 153322144402.08.2018 •••   6.306食べ物25 @ 75%7230/30
    do · eat · favorite · like · pizza · restaurant · site · spicy · year · you
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   6.306電車の旅25 @ 75%8130/30
    at · hurry · lag · late · leaves · o'clock · platform · rick · ticket · tickets
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   6.306買い物25 @ 75%8230/30
    coat · here · hip · on sale · shame · shopping · store · t-shirt · ugly · want
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   6.306パーティー25 @ 75%9130/30
    Tom · birthday · cool · excited · first · hi · i'm · present · say · today
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   6.306方向25 @ 75%10130/30
    embassy · far · fine · lost · mile · post office · right · say · subway · turn
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   6.306天気25 @ 75%10230/30
    beach · hot · how · ice cream · july · my · summer · sunny · teach · weather
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   6.306私の一日25 @ 75%11130/30
    a.m. · egg · face · make · nine · pace · seven · wake up · wash · west
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   6.306デート25 @ 75%12130/30
    are · date · free · need · phone number · photo · sight · sorry · to take a shower · tonight
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   6.306週末25 @ 75%12230/30
    basketball · brake · brother · go · goes · on · pay · play · saturday · weekend
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   6.306友達25 @ 75%13130/30
    Boston · Germany · american · does · he's · japanese · jug · live · stop · teacher
    10 words
  • 153451496817.08.2018 •••   6.306スポーツ25 @ 75%13230/30
    let's meet · paint · span · sport · tennis · tie · to play · tuesdays · want · when
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   6.306レストラン25 @ 75%13330/30
    cans · eight · how many · korean · large · menu · nest · opens · peach · people
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   6.306観光25 @ 75%14130/30
    Brooklyn bridge · Statue of liberty · closed · may · phase · photos · take · visit · yard · years
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   6.306パーティー225 @ 75%14230/30
    at · milk · night · now · sat · sugar · think · thirty · thursday · to make
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   6.306休み25 @ 75%15130/30
    Europe · countries · form · passport · this · to go · to need · to want · warm · write
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   6.306ホテル25 @ 75%16130/30
    check in · for · from · open · over · ski · speak · tenth · to · understand
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   6.306学校で25 @ 75%16230/30
    ask · come · difficult · name · now · pat · professors · sit down · study · write
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   6.306料理25 @ 75%17130/30
    are · beef · cheese · meat · monday · then · they · tomato · tomatoes · ton
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   6.306牧場25 @ 75%18130/30
    cash · doesn't · farms · fish · horse · lap · parent · ride · their · town
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   6.306ピクニック25 @ 75%18230/30
    band · but · drive · driving · fifteen · have a picnic · let's · picnic · sandwiches · wednesdays
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   6.306健康25 @ 75%18330/30
    bag · dead · dentist · fever · has · headache · ok · problem · sick · toothache
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   6.306オフィス25 @ 75%19230/30
    email · floor · flying · front desk · important · meeting · next to · scream · send · skyscraper
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   6.306祝日25 @ 75%19330/30
    Independence day · New year's day · barbecue · fireworks · first · fourth · january · joke · midnight · sight
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   6.306用事0 @ 100%20130/30
    all day · close · groceries · have to · hunter · later · letter · stamps · tell · to
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   6.306大学0 @ 100%20230/30
    ache · business · chemistry · geography · major · math · question · sixteen · sixteenth · studies
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   6.306先週0 @ 100%21130/30
    boyfriends · called · clean · cousin · hour · last · meat · tv show · visited · watched
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   6.306過去の話0 @ 100%22130/30
    Vancouver · actors · actress · lived · seventeen · soup · theaters · tour guide · walked · worked
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   6.306動物園0 @ 100%22230/30
    animal · be careful · dangerous · eighteen · eye · lion · purple · strange · than · weigh
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   6.306デパート0 @ 100%23130/30
    belt · can · cheaper · department store · doll · necklace · nineteen · popular · sweater · twenty-one
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   6.306イギリス0 @ 100%23230/30
    Big ben · London · april · british · capital · drank · on vacation · pub · saw · see
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   6.306友達作り0 @ 100%24130/30
    are · arrive · brag · bring · february · forgot · neighbor · parties · second · something
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   6.306家探し0 @ 100%25130/30
    cook · going to · meter · move · neighborhoods · nice · nicer · one hundred · rent · roommate
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   5.005実家0 @ 100%2520/4
    air · aren't · dusty · floors · hometown · place · quiet · repair · roof · vacuum cleaner
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   5.005昨夜0 @ 100%2530/4
    actor · did · horror · last night · lots of · nachos · quarter past · started · wanted · were
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   5.005予定0 @ 100%2610/4
    bored · everyone · going to · grandparents · plan · schedule · school · somewhere · them · to be
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   5.005才能0 @ 100%2620/4
    can · can you · can't · enjoy · genre · instruments · jazz · juice · violin · well
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   5.005忙しい日0 @ 100%2710/4
    boss · charge · get · get dressed · gum · jobs · late for · partner · shave · toast
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   5.005キャンプ0 @ 100%2720/4
    boot · both · camping · campsite · cracker · going to · path · when · who is going to · you
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   5.005世界旅行0 @ 100%2810/4
    China · Shanghai · didn't · fly · have a good time · look · safe · temple · the great wall · traveling
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   5.005家事0 @ 100%2820/4
    chores · feed · go for a walk · hate · messy · pet food · talk · tidy up · water · will
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   5.005人間関係0 @ 100%2830/4
    born · enjoyed · ex-girlfriend · girl · nineteen ninety · older · oldest · small · smarter · smartest
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   5.005天気予報0 @ 100%2910/4
    be · coat · cold · degrees · radio · rain · raincoat · sunny · temperatures · weather forecast
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   5.005偉人0 @ 100%2920/4
    act · artists · black and white · for a long time · lack · nineteen fifty · nineteen thirties · nineteen thirty · nineteen twenty-two · talented
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   5.005首都0 @ 100%3010/4
    ask for directions · first · inside · sides · sidewalk · south · traffic light · union · united states · washington, d.c.
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   5.005病院0 @ 100%3020/4
    actually · best · feel · looking for · magazines · mr. · ms. · past · waiting room · what happened
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   5.005カフェ0 @ 100%3030/4
    allergic · latte · music · soy milk · studied · study · vegan · vegetarian · what · what can i get for you
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   5.005経験0 @ 100%3110/4
    Africa · Kenya · climbed · has · have · lived · time · traveled · visited · volcano
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   5.005ホテル 20 @ 100%3120/4
    check out · double room · good evening · in advance · make · night · reservation · trouble · view · wifi
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   5.005家の掃除0 @ 100%3210/4
    clam · cleaned · have · i've · ironed · lexeme dump nouns · opened · washed · we've · you've
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   5.005調理0 @ 100%3310/4
    come · going to go · half-price · how to · list · oil · pepper · recipe · some · what
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   5.005噂話0 @ 100%3320/4
    all morning · badminton · bake · baking · doing · eating · play · was · what was · yesterday
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   5.005友情0 @ 100%3410/4
    'll · 's · are · aren't · is · kind · lend · police officer · text · will
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   5.005警察署0 @ 100%3510/4
    accident · and then · detective · it · lexeme dump verbs · rang · telephone · was · well · when
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   5.005キャリア0 @ 100%3520/4
    's · been · ex-husband · hasn't · mechanic · occupation · pilot · since · station · thousand
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   5.005文句0 @ 100%3610/4
    chip · complain · hers · ketchup · no · noisy · said · what's wrong · your · yours
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   5.005暇なとき0 @ 100%3710/4
    beginner · free time · fry · go out · good at · kid · playground · skate · well · when
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   5.005健康な生活0 @ 100%3720/4
    carrot · drinking · eating · good for · grape · health · math · pear · should · shouldn't
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   5.005食料品店0 @ 100%3810/4
    a few · cart · cream · fast food · grilled · how many · how much · lemon · mango · yogurt
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   5.005アドバイス0 @ 100%3910/4
    degree · don't · exam · grade · graduate · grow · hard · if · pass · vocabulary
    10 words
  • 1685120209 •••   5.005お祝い0 @ 100%3920/4
    almost · amazing · christmas eve · happy new year · merry christmas · new year's eve · there isn't · what · yellow · yours
    10 words
  • 163308210101.10.2021 •••   5.005冒険0 @ 100%4010/4
    South africa · area · baby · grass · hope · if · math · national · will · won't
    10 words
  • 163446284317.10.2021 Test out •••   4.004会話0 @ 100%4020/5
    busy · conversation · haircut · how · isn't it · it · lime · long time no see · think · to
    10 words
  • 163636270108.11.2021 Test out •••   4.004新居0 @ 100%4030/5
    carpet · doorbell · fence · grew · grow · had to · plumber · recently · rent · since
    10 words
  • 164586270426.02.2022 Test out •••   4.004忘れもの0 @ 100%4110/5
    close · know · lose · lost · notebook · ruler · scissors · short · that · where
    10 words
  • 164610685801.03.2022 Test out •••   4.004お金0 @ 100%4120/5
    bill · check · coin · gas · if · included · percent · point · signature · tax
    10 words
  • 164620609402.03.2022 Test out •••   4.004外食0 @ 100%4210/5
    appetizer · decide · eaten · going · start · still · thai · to start · until · will
    10 words
  • 164360403831.01.2022 Test out •••   3.003大変な日0 @ 100%4310/5
    cut · dropped · head · hit · hug · oops · put · sharp · shut · warp
    10 words
  • 164369505501.02.2022 Test out •••   3.003近所0 @ 100%4320/5
    aren't you · birth · couple · guy · never · next-door · pile · rat · what's the deal with · who
    10 words
  • 164411870406.02.2022 Test out •••   3.003映画0 @ 100%4410/5
    award · die · in love · lead · play · scene · take place · which · who · wow
    10 words
  • 164454971211.02.2022 Test out •••   3.003なんて日だ0 @ 100%4420/5
    be · burn · oversleep · overslept · run · shame · start · stomachache · wept · worried
    10 words
  • 164472800413.02.2022 Test out •••   3.003飛行機0 @ 100%4510/5
    battery · boarding pass · class · delayed · down · emergency exit · flight · remember to · take off · why
    10 words
  • 164515050718.02.2022 Test out •••   3.003スポーツ225 @ 75%4520/5
    anybody · coach · competition · doesn't · exciting · face · field · member · racket · rugby
    10 words
  • 164515276518.02.2022 Test out •••   3.003家族250 @ 50%4620/5
    beard · blond · color · look like · men · parts · shirt · short · tall · who's
    10 words
  • 164542475621.02.2022 Test out •••   3.003自然50 @ 50%4710/5
    anywhere · cloud · down · duck · log · pond · proud · sky · somewhere · up · walk · woods
    12 words
  • 164570375524.02.2022 Test out •••   3.003旅行会社25 @ 75%4720/5
    South korea · book · class · difference · fully booked · guest · include · information · myself · receptionist
    10 words
  • 164579224525.02.2022 Test out •••   3.003のみの市25 @ 75%4730/5
    advertisement · armchair · average · crowd · empty · flea market · message · monthly · secondhand · variety
    10 words
  • 164592497927.02.2022 Test out •••   3.003楽しい一日25 @ 75%4810/5
    found · hey · how about · instead · latest · mind · sound · sure · type · you all
    10 words
  • 164742427716.03.2022 Test out •••   3.003電話中25 @ 75%4820/5
    available · business card · contact information · correct · detail · is · make · may · phone call · zero
    10 words
  • 165163760504.05.2022 Test out •••   3.003教育0 @ 100%4910/5
    alphabet · could · elementary school · meaning · memory · middle school · quiz · quizzes · schoolchild · start · studies · teaching · training · uniform
    14 words
  • 165190526507.05.2022 Test out •••   3.003服装0 @ 100%4920/5
    costume party · dark · fashion · light · made of · suit · tight · when · while · wool
    10 words
  • 164791716122.03.2022 Test out •••   2.002人生25 @ 75%5010/5
    activity · could · didn't · flute · grew up · kite · nearly · swim · turtle · what age
    10 words
  • 164817707625.03.2022 Test out •••   2.002電子機器25 @ 75%5020/5
    click on · folder · for · mouse · paper · program · scanner · speaker · tell · virus
    10 words
  • 164828169726.03.2022 Test out •••   2.002文学0 @ 100%5030/5
    author · book club · handsome · king · literature · mystery · poem · so much · the day after tomorrow · war
    10 words
  • 164860054530.03.2022 Test out •••   2.002面接25 @ 75%5110/5
    a little bit of · advertising · begin · extremely · good luck · hardworking · interview · introduce · pleased to meet you · résumé
    10 words
  • 164914517505.04.2022 Test out •••   2.002レシピ25 @ 75%5210/5
    be · buying · course · isn't · mix · ounce · pea · pound · says · so
    10 words
  • 164938515108.04.2022 Test out •••   2.002ニュース0 @ 100%5220/5
    according to · all sorts of · article · crime · go · on · politician · there will be · turn · website
    10 words
  • 165044574620.04.2022 Test out •••   2.002公共交通25 @ 75%5310/5
    can · can't · easily · easy to · lexeme dump verbs · on the train · one-way · pass · right-hand · ticket machine
    10 words
  • 165052904921.04.2022 Test out •••   2.002言い訳25 @ 75%5320/5
    alarm clock · all the time · bottom · change of clothes · excuse · on foot · reason · several · was going to · wasn't going to
    10 words
  • 165060773222.04.2022 Test out •••   2.002意見0 @ 100%5330/5
    badly · canadian · chapter · do you think · one of · opinion · part · since · sure that · the movies
    10 words
  • 165174673605.05.2022 Test out •••   2.002夏休み0 @ 100%5410/5
    New zealand · aren't there · isn't there · lexeme dump nouns 2 · may · ninth · no · packed · unpack · use
    10 words
  • 165190732907.05.2022 Test out •••   2.002買い物20 @ 100%5420/5
    away · dresser · drill · less · said · shelf · shelves · sure · wheel · wood
    10 words
  • 165215026510.05.2022 Test out •••   3.003仕事20 @ 100%5510/5
    as soon as possible · as usual · because of · business person · carefully · copy machine · fix · project · regular · work on
    10 words
  • 165215202510.05.2022 Test out •••   3.003市内観光0 @ 100%5520/5
    across · architect · at what time · do you see · pick up · show around · stand · stood · that's where · where
    10 words
  • 165233321912.05.2022 Test out •••   2.002健康20 @ 100%5610/5
    allergy · ask · aspirin · blood · check this box · cough · felt · pill · sore · take a seat
    10 words
  • 165257712215.05.2022 Test out •••   2.002家事20 @ 100%5710/5
    by itself · front door · hall · has got to · have got to · heat · lightbulb · pipe · plunger · rug
    10 words
  • 165275995717.05.2022 Test out •••   2.002寝る時間0 @ 100%5720/5
    asleep · crib · fairy tale · little · lullaby · lullaby to · picture book · read · shh · these days
    10 words
  • 165294378419.05.2022 Test out •••   2.002犯罪0 @ 100%5730/5
    caught · caught by · criminal · have · hear about · million · ran away · rob · robbed · run away
    10 words
  • 165294854819.05.2022 Test out •••   2.022習慣0 @ 100%5812/5••
    are they · aren't they · garden center · is · isn't · much too · normal · plan · spare time · such as
    10 words
  • 165311359321.05.2022 Test out •••   1.011ヨーロッパ50 @ 50%5821/5
    Lisbon · Portugal · airplane · break · sun · supper · synagogue · visa · when · with
    10 words
  • 165346797425.05.2022 Test out •••   1.001オンライン50 @ 50%5910/5
    account · blog · create · edit · password · post · profile · register · up-to-date · upload
    10 words
  • 1685120209 Test out •••   1.001フェス50 @ 50%6010/5
    admission fee · celebrity · cultural · musical · performance · pop · take place · there will be · will there be · yearly
    10 words
  • 1685120209 Test out •••   1.001おしゃべり25 @ 75%6020/5
    been to · cappuccino · comfy · doing · how are you doing · it's nice to see you · ok · smile · wave · yeah
    10 words
  • 1685120209 Test out •••   1.001銀行50 @ 50%6030/5
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0.038

基本1 updated 2018-10-25

Duolingoへようこそ!毎日コツコツと一緒に勉強していきましょう。

今回は基本編です。

英語の動詞は主語や時制などによって変化します。この変化を活用といいます。

Be動詞

活用の種類 例文
主語(一人称単数)・時制(現在) I am a man
主語(三人称単数)・時制(現在) He is a man

一般動詞(drink、eatなど多数)

主語 例文
主語(一人称単数)・時制(現在) I drink water
主語(三人称単数)・時制(現在) He drinks water

「3単現のs」というように、三人称単数で現在形の時は動詞に-sをつける活用が多いです。※ただし、英語の活用には例外(不規則活用)がたくさんあります。


可算名詞、不可算名詞

man(男の人)や apple (リンゴ)のように、数えられる名詞を可算名詞と言い、「一つの〜」という時は「a」を付けます。一方、water(水)のように、数えられない名詞は不可算名詞と言います。bread (パン)や meat(肉)のように、一見数えられそうな名詞なのに不可算名詞という場合もあります。

基本4 updated 2020-08-12

Duolingoへようこそ!毎日コツコツと一緒に勉強していきましょう。

今回は基本編です。

英語の動詞は主語や時制などによって変化します。この変化を活用といいます。

Be動詞

活用の種類 例文
主語(一人称単数)・時制(現在) I am a man
主語(三人称単数)・時制(現在) He is a man

一般動詞(drink、eatなど多数)

主語 例文
主語(一人称単数)・時制(現在) I drink water
主語(三人称単数)・時制(現在) He drinks water

「3単現のs」というように、三人称単数で現在形の時は動詞に-sをつける活用が多いです。※ただし、英語の活用には例外(不規則活用)がたくさんあります。


可算名詞、不可算名詞

man(男の人)や apple (リンゴ)のように、数えられる名詞を可算名詞と言い、「一つの〜」という時は「a」を付けます。一方、water(水)のように、数えられない名詞は不可算名詞と言います。bread (パン)や meat(肉)のように、一見数えられそうな名詞なのに不可算名詞という場合もあります。

複数形 updated 2021-02-16

英語では数えられる名詞(=可算名詞)を単数形か複数形かで区別します。

例:

  • I eat an apple (一つのリンゴ)
  • I eat two apples (二つのリンゴ)
  • I eat apples (いくつかのリンゴ)

このように、最後に-sを付ける活用が多いです。※例外もあります。

aan

ほとんどの場合、oneの代わりにはaを使います(oneは数を強調する場合のみ)。また、aのすぐ後の名詞が母音で始まる場合はaの代わりにanを使います。例:an elephant, an apple, an hour.

助数詞は?

日本語では一頭の象、二匹の猫、三羽のアヒル、というように対象によって助数詞が変化しますが、英語の場合は大抵の場合、one elephant, two cats, three ducksというように簡単に表せます。

代名詞目的格 updated 2021-02-16

英語では、「〜に」「〜を」にあたる部分を目的格といいます。

例文

I call him Ichiro.

(訳: 私は彼をイチローと呼ぶ。)

上の例文では、Iが主格、himが目的格です。

活用表

主格 (は) 目的格 (に/を)
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
Ichiro Ichiro
we us
they them

よく使われるフレーズ updated 2021-03-09

hello(=こんにちは)や、thank you(=ありがとう)など、基礎的な挨拶を学びましょう。

所有格 updated 2021-03-09

英語の文中で、「〜は」にあたる主語になる格を主格、「〜の」にあたる所有を表す格を所有格といいます。

例文

I have your dog.

(訳: 私はあなたの犬を持っています。)

上の例文では、I が主格、yoursが所有格です。

活用表

主格 (は) 所有格 (の) 所有代名詞 (のもの)
I my mine
you your yours
he his his
she her hers
it its its
Ichiro Ichiro's Ichiro's
we our ours
they their theirs

限定詞 updated 2021-03-09

日本語の「こそあど」に対応する単語について少し整理しておきましょう。

(1)this(単数形)と these(複数形) = 「これ/この

話者の目の前やそれに準ずる近いと感じられる距離にある物や人

  • Can you see this sheet of paper? This is a menu. 「この紙切れが見えます?これはメニューです」

または現実に目の前にない・そもそも存在していなくても心理的に話者に近いと判断できる物や人

  • Are you on this side? 「君はこっち側かね?」(議論とか、何かの対立の場面で)

(2) that(単数形)と those(複数形) = 「それ/その」か「あれ/あの

話者から遠いと感じられる距離にある物や人。日本語では聞き手に近い「それ・その」と聞き手からも遠い「あれ・あの」に分かれます。

  • Take that sheet of paper. That is a menu. 「その紙切れを取ってください。それはメニューです」
  • Look at that sheet of paper on the wall. That is a menu. 「壁にかかったあの紙切れを見てください。あれはメニューです」

心理的に遠いものや、回想の中でも that を使います。

  • We got married on that day. 「その(あの)日、私たちは結婚した」

(3)it(単数形)と they(複数形) =原則としてそれ

距離とはまったく関係なく、既に話題に挙がった物や人を指します。日本語の「それ」にはたまたま同じ用法がありますので、訳として対応することになりますが、that の訳としての「それ」とは区別してください。

ちなみに「既に話題に挙がった物や人」という意味での「その」に相当するのが定冠詞の the です。

  • Tom sees a sheet of paper on the table. He takes the sheet of paper in his hand. It is a menu. 「トムはテーブルの上に紙切れがあるのを見かけます。彼はその紙切れを手に取ります。それはメニューです」(小説みたいな書き方ですが)

  • や 2. の例文で書いた "This is a menu" も "That is a menu" も「既に話題に挙がっているもの」を指しているので "It is a menu" と言い換えられるため、この場合は it =「これ」や「あれ」という訳になります。

しかしこれは文脈があって初めて成り立つ訳なので、"It is a menu" という文章を単独で訳す場合では「それ」を使うのが適切です。実際に it の訳を「これ」や「あれ」と回答された場合は上記の区別ができていないと判断して不正解となります。ご注意ください。

動詞:未来完了形 updated 2021-03-09

will have + 過去分詞で、

  • 未来に何かが完了していることを予想(「〜しているだろう」)
  • 何かを経験・継続していることを予想(「〜することになるだろう」)

することを表現できます。これを未来完了形と言います。


8 skills with tips and notes

 
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