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ArthurCarpenter

Arthur CarpenterImaldris

175523 XP#218468
3297#4722
1842#24768
13578#29022.

Learning Hawaiian from English

Level 17 · 10562 XP
62/1500 XP · 4% complete · 1438 XP to next level

Tree: L0
12500219
95.1% complete · 7 sessions to L1 Tree · 1 days to go

Crowns: 171/228
75% complete · 57 crowns to go

Skills: 37/38
97% complete

Lessons: 136/143
95.1% complete · 7 sessions to L1 Tree · 1 days to go
2022-10-06

Lexemes: 772/799
You discovered 96% of available words/lexemes

Strength: 99%
352001

Created: 2015-05-22
Last Goal: 2022-10-04
Daily Goal: 10 XP
Timezone: UTC+1

Last update: 2022-10-05 02:05:57 GMT+3


97026539

XP per Skill (4 weeks)raw

Intro 1
275XP
Determiners
146XP
Greetings and Goodbyes
148XP
Polite Expressions
100XP
Personal Detail
92XP
ʻOhana
48XP
Weather
44XP
Household
 
Likes & Dislikes
42XP
Food 1
10XP
Numbers 1
 
Dates
10XP
Telling Time
 
Food 2
292XP
Basic Directions
 
Leisure Activities
 
Making Purchases
10XP
Ordering Food
 
Habits
 
Determiners 2
 
O and A Class
 
Home Life
162XP
ʻOhana 2
 
Social Interactions
127XP
Numbers 2
 
School 1
10XP
ʻOhana 3
10XP
School 2
22XP
Sports
10XP
Playing Music
35XP
Exercise
194XP
Making Purchases 2
103XP
Directions 2
138XP
Likes & Dislikes 2
107XP
Health & Body Care
109XP
Mental Wellness
45XP
Body Care
42XP
Describing People
 

Skills by StrengthCrownsDateNameOriginal Order

  • 160259162413.10.2020 •••   6.126Intro 10 @ 100%1112/12
    ae · aloha · e · e · hele · honolulu · kawika · kaʻiulani · lei · mahalo · prior knowledge (proper nouns) · ʻae · ʻai · ʻaʻole · ʻōlelo
    15 words

    Aloha!

    Welcome to the Hawaiian course!

    Hawaiian spelling

    ʻOkina

    The ʻ you will see in words like ʻae and ʻaʻole (yes and no), is called the ʻokina. The ʻokina is a glottal stop, which can be compared to the stopping of your voice between uh and oh in uh-oh. (The name of this letter literally translates to "cutting off, separation".)

    Kahakō

    The ¯ you will see in words like ʻōlelo (language, speak) and kāne (man) is called the kahakō. The kahakō prolongs a vowel.

    It is important not to forget an ʻokina or a kahakō, because the word could have a very different meaning without them.

    E

    Imperative E

    E is used before an action to signify a command or a suggestion. When you say, "E hele!", you're telling someone to "Go!"

    Vocative E

    E is used before a noun (usually a person) to indicate that the person is being addressed.

    Ex. Mahalo, e Kawika. (Thanks, Kawika.) ➜ You are saying thanks to Kawika.

    Mahalo

    Mahalo is taught in this skill to express gratitude, to say "thank you", but it can also mean "to admire".

    Lei

    You may be familiar with the word lei as a noun but you'll notice that the word "lei" in this skill can also be used as a verb. This is quite common in ʻōlelo Hawaiʻi.

  • 160267260714.10.2020 •••   6.246Determiners0 @ 100%2124/24
    hale · ka · kaikamahine · ke · keiki · keiki kāne · kēia · kēlā · noho · · wahine · wāhine
    12 words

    Determiners

    Ke vs. Ka

    "Ka", "Ke" and "Nā" are determiners that can sometimes be translated as "the". Use ke when the noun that follows begins with the letters K, E, A, or O. Use ka with almost all others! This is commonly referred to as the KEAO rule. Warning: there will be exceptions (don't worry, we'll let you know which ones they are!).

    Plurals: nā

    is only used to say "the" when the noun is plural. Certain words like "wahine" are pronounced with a longer "ā" when plural and hence spelled with a kahakō (macron), "wāhine".

    Kēlā & Kēnā

    "Kēlā" and "Kēnā" both mean "that". The difference is kēlā refers to "that" which is away from the listener and kēnā refers to "that" which is near the listener. Cultural note of interest: Hawaiians are keenly aware of space and time.

    So in terms of distance from the speaker, remember this order: kēia - kēnā - kēlā. (this - that (near the listener) - that over there)

  • 160275515715.10.2020 •••   6.186Greetings and Goodbyes0 @ 100%3118/18
    a hui hou · au · hauʻoli · ia · kākou · kāua · maikaʻi · mālama · ou · pehea · pono · ʻo · ʻoe
    13 words

    Aloha

    Aloha is used to express the feeling one feels when greeting someone or departing (it may be love, sorrow, joy, etc.). Therefore, this greeting of "aloha" always includes the speaker because "aloha" begins with the one who says it.

    Personal Pronouns

    "We"

    ʻŌlelo Hawaiʻi has a few extra pronouns, in this skill you are introduced to two pronouns used for "we" which includes the listener. Think about it like, kāua= "you and I" = "WE 2" and kākou = "all of you and me" = "WE ALL". Eventually, you will learn that we also have two more pronouns for we that exclude the listener (māua and mākou).

    ʻo ia

    The subject pronouns "he" and "she" are always marked with the subject marker ʻo.

  • 160286146416.10.2020 •••   6.186Polite Expressions0 @ 100%3218/18
    akua · auē · hui · iesū · kala · mai · pū · ʻana
    8 words

    "Mai" directs the action toward the speaker and follows the action. "Mai" can also follow a few of the verbs in the Intro skill; hele, ʻōlelo and lei.

  • 160293670617.10.2020 •••   6.186Personal Detail0 @ 100%4118/18
    aha · haumāna · he · hea · inoa · kona · kou · koʻu · kumu · kāne · mahiʻai · mākaʻi · no · wai · ʻo
    15 words

    ʻO wai

    "ʻO" marks the proper noun subject but is also part of this particular grammatical structure.

    ʻO wai kou inoa. literally means "Who is your name?".

  • 160302932518.10.2020 •••   6.246ʻOhana0 @ 100%5124/24
    akamai · hawaiʻi · iu · kou · lōʻihi · makua kāne · makuahine · pōkole · tūtū kāne · tūtū wahine · uʻi · ʻanakala · ʻanakē · ʻohana · ʻoluʻolu
    15 words
  • 160311275119.10.2020 •••   5.005Weather0 @ 100%520/3
    anilā · anuanu · hū · i · ikiiki · kai · lā · makani · mao · mālie · nani · o · polalauahi · ua · wela · ʻōmalumalu
    16 words

    O

    This "O" without the ʻokina (glottal stop) means "of".

    I

    The "i" used in this skill is used to mark a time phrase.

    Polalauahi

    Polalauahi translates to "vog, haze" or the adjectives "voggy, hazy". Vog (don't confuse it with fog) is a contraction of volcano smog; it refers to the air pollution caused by a volcano.

  • 160319786720.10.2020 •••   5.005Household0 @ 100%610/4
    aia · hoʻihoʻi · hoʻomaʻemaʻe · hoʻopio · hoʻā · i · kelepona · kukui · kī · lumi kuke · lumi moe · ma · mea · moe · noho · pani · papahele · puka · puka aniani · pākaukau · pāʻani · wehe
    22 words
  • 160327444521.10.2020 •••   5.005Likes & Dislikes0 @ 100%710/4
    a i ʻole · a me · hala kahiki · hea · heʻe nalu · hoa hānau · hou · hua ʻai · hula · hā · hīmeni · iʻa · kinipōpō · lau ʻai · maiʻa · makemake · manakō · nau · poʻe · puni · pīʻai · uliuli · ʻawa · ʻulaʻula · ʻīlio · ʻōhelo papa
    26 words
  • 160337928522.10.2020 •••   5.005Food 10 @ 100%810/4
    huʻihuʻi · inu · kalo · kope · kuke · kuki kokoleka · kōʻala · laiki · lau · laulau · moa · nui · palaoa · pia · poi · poke · puaʻa kālua · puhi · pūlehu · wai · wai hua ʻai · waiū · ʻono · ʻuala · ʻulu
    25 words
  • 160345280323.10.2020 •••   5.005Numbers 10 @ 100%820/4
    hoʻokahi · makaaniani · pāpale · ʻehia · ʻehiku · ʻehā · ʻekolu · ʻelima · ʻelua · ʻeono
    10 words
  • 160355603524.10.2020 •••   5.005Dates0 @ 100%910/4
    hānau · hōʻike · lāpule · pōpeku · pōʻahia · pōʻakahi · pōʻakolu · pōʻaono · ʻaha mele · ʻapōpō
    10 words
  • 160363787225.10.2020 •••   5.005Telling Time0 @ 100%920/3
    ahiahi · hala · hapahā · hapalua · hola · kakahiaka · kani · ʻekahi · ʻumikūmamākahi · ʻumikūmamālua
    10 words
  • 166309413613.09.2022 •••   6.246Food 20 @ 100%10124/24
    hoʻomoʻa · hua moa · naʻau · naʻaukake · pahi · paila · palai · pipi · puna · ʻō
    10 words
  • 160379562127.10.2020 •••   5.005Basic Directions0 @ 100%1020/4
    alanui · hale kūʻai · hema · huli · i · kai · uka · waena · ʻaoʻao · ʻākau
    10 words
  • 160392168529.10.2020 •••   5.005Leisure Activities0 @ 100%1110/4
    hana · hoa · iā · kamaʻilio · kelekiko · kiʻiʻoniʻoni · leʻaleʻa · pāʻani pepa · pāʻani wikiō · pāʻina
    10 words
  • 160399388729.10.2020 •••   5.005Making Purchases0 @ 100%1120/4
    kanaiwakūmamāiwa · kanalima · keneka · kālā · kūʻai · kūʻai hele · lako · likiki · lole · pepa hāleu
    10 words
  • 160417639531.10.2020 •••   5.005Ordering Food0 @ 100%1210/4
    i · koloaka · lōpū · meoneki · naʻu · pā mea ʻai · pākē · ua · waiho · ʻoka
    10 words
  • 160424937501.11.2020 •••   5.005Habits0 @ 100%1220/4
    hoe waʻa · kahi · kēlā me kēia · lauoho · mau · maʻamau · niho · nā lā a pau · palaki · pinepine
    10 words
  • 160431908602.11.2020 •••   5.005Determiners 20 @ 100%1230/4
    kaʻu · kona · kou · koʻu · kāna · kāu · makua · moʻopuna · tūtū · ʻeke
    10 words

    A vs. O class nouns

    No, weʻre not trying to make things difficult by having two classes of nouns. Hopefully this will clarify any confusion you may have in figuring out when to choose between “A” possessives and “O” possessives.

    It is very important to understand that Hawaiians have a keen understanding of space, time and in this case, relations. Things that are possessed are divided into 2 classes and reflected in the use of the appropriate possessive.

    “O” class possessions include primary relationships; relationships that are in place at birth, akua, makua, kupuna, siblings, cousins, also includes spatial relationships of one’s mauli to objects (often described as being underneath, on top or inside these things) like one’s house, car, canoe, chair, clothes or similar.

    “A” class possessions include secondary relationships; relationships that one chooses, spouse, children, grandchildren, nieces and nephews, also includes things that you can choose to possess. If a possession can be both “O” or “A”, err on the side of “O”.

    The best advice is to follow the examples given or ask if you’re wondering!

  • 160442266203.11.2020 •••   5.005O and A Class0 @ 100%1310/3
    a · aʻu · kupuna · mākua · o · ona · ou · oʻu · āu · ʻāina
    10 words

    A vs. O class nouns

    No, weʻre not trying to make things difficult by having two classes of nouns. Hopefully this will clarify any confusion you may have in figuring out when to choose between “A” possessives and “O” possessives.

    It is very important to understand that Hawaiians have a keen understanding of space, time and in this case, relations. Things that are possessed are divided into 2 classes and reflected in the use of the appropriate possessive.

    O class possessions include primary relationships; relationships that are in place at birth, akua, makua, kupuna, siblings, cousins, also includes spatial relationships of one’s mauli to objects (often described as being underneath, on top or inside these things) like one’s house, car, canoe, chair, clothes or similar.

    A class possessions include secondary relationships; relationships that one chooses, spouse, children, grandchildren, nieces and nephews, also includes things that you can choose to possess. If a possession can be both “O” or “A”, err on the side of “O”.

    The best advice is to follow the examples given or ask if you’re wondering!

  • 166421084726.09.2022 •••   6.186Home Life0 @ 100%14218/18
    hoʻoholo · hoʻolohe · kapu ʻauʻau · ke · kinika · kōkua · lua · mele · nei · ʻeleu
    10 words
  • 160461591406.11.2020 •••   5.005ʻOhana 20 @ 100%1430/4
    hūnōna · kaikaina · kaikuahine · kaikuaʻana · kaikunāne · kolohe · loa · moloā · pohō · ʻeleu
    10 words
  • 166414473826.09.2022 •••   6.126Social Interactions0 @ 100%15112/12
    aku · ana · holoholo · hui · kāmau · launa · lā · moe hālau · pāʻina · pō
    10 words

    Aku

    The particle aku is the opposite of the particle mai. Aku directs the action away from the speaker. Aku can also often change the meaning of certain verbs.

    Mai English Aku English
    aʻo mai to learn aʻo aku to teach
    kūʻai mai to buy kūʻai aku to sell
    uhaele mai to come uhaele aku to go
  • 160476965507.11.2020 •••   5.005Numbers 20 @ 100%1520/3
    iwakāluakūmākahi · kanahikukūmālima · ona · ou · oʻu · paikikala · palaka aloha · ʻaʻohe · ʻumikūmāiwa · ʻumikūmākolu
    10 words
  • 160485718308.11.2020 •••   5.005School 10 @ 100%1610/4
    hāʻawe · kini ʻaiō · kua · kākau · lawe · mea holoi · peni māka · penikala · ʻaina kakahiaka · ʻeke hāʻawe
    10 words
  • 160492677709.11.2020 •••   5.005ʻOhana 30 @ 100%1620/3
    hānai · kaikamahine hanauna · keiki kāne hanauna · kiuke · kōlea · lūauʻi · makua · moʻopuna · noho · ʻōpio
    10 words
  • 160505111811.11.2020 •••   5.005School 20 @ 100%1710/3
    heluhelu · hoʻopili · huaʻōlelo · lawe · makemakika · pela · pololei · puana · pīpī holo kaʻao · woela
    10 words
  • 160512311411.11.2020 •••   5.005Sports25 @ 75%1720/4 +1 lesson +2 lexemes
    anei · hoʻokūkū · kahului · kaʻi · kime · lanakila · mākou · nō · ʻoukou · ʻuao
    10 words
  • 160522307213.11.2020 •••   5.005Playing Music25 @ 75%1730/4 +2 lessons +1 lexemes
    hiku · hoʻokī · hīmeni pū · kaula · koekoe · kī · mele · pila kū nui · puʻukani · ʻaha
    10 words
  • 166422474126.09.2022 ••• Test out   2.002Exercise0 @ 100%1810/4
    a · a laila · holo mālie · holo māmā · hoʻoikaika kino · lele · lele keaka · leleāpoloka · mamao · manawa
    10 words
  • 166422355026.09.2022 ••• Test out   2.002Making Purchases 20 @ 100%1820/4
    hāʻawi · iaʻu · kenikeni · kālā kūʻike · pepa pāiwakālua · pepa pākahi · pepa pālima · pepa pāʻumi · pākete · ʻōkeni
    10 words
  • 166431507728.09.2022 ••• Test out   2.002Directions 20 @ 100%1920/4
    hale pule · hele wāwae · hema · hikina · hoʻokele · kalaiwa · kokoke · komohana · lā · ʻākau
    10 words
  • 166438528028.09.2022 ••• Test out   2.002Likes & Dislikes 20 @ 100%2010/3
    hui hīmeni · lokomaikaʻi · luakaha · luana · nō · paha · pumehana · punahele · punihei · waipahē
    10 words
  • 166447069229.09.2022 ••• Test out   2.002Health & Body Care0 @ 100%2020/3
    hoʻokaʻawale · kau · kaʻawale · kekona · kopa · lima nui · manamana lima · mikilima · mikiʻao · māpoho
    10 words
  • 166457693201.10.2022 ••• Test out   1.001Mental Wellness0 @ 100%2110/3
    hanu · hikaluhi · hoʻohana · hoʻomaha · hoʻomālie · hoʻopio · hā · manawa kaʻawale · noʻonoʻo · ʻenehana
    10 words
  • 166490390404.10.2022 ••• Test out   1.001Body Care0 @ 100%2120/3
    huluhulu · kahi · kokuli · kuʻekuʻe maka · pīlali · ʻaila pale lā · ʻako · ʻumiʻumi · ʻōhiki · ʻūpā
    10 words
  • 1696539414 ••• Test out   0.000Describing People1002130/4 +4 lessons +24 lexemes
    akahai · kiʻekiʻe · konakona · lili · lokomaikaʻi · menehune · naʻauao · nohea · poupou · wīwī
    10 words
0.006

Intro 1 updated 2021-02-15 ^

Aloha!

Welcome to the Hawaiian course!

Hawaiian spelling

ʻOkina

The ʻ you will see in words like ʻae and ʻaʻole (yes and no), is called the ʻokina. The ʻokina is a glottal stop, which can be compared to the stopping of your voice between uh and oh in uh-oh. (The name of this letter literally translates to "cutting off, separation".)

Kahakō

The ¯ you will see in words like ʻōlelo (language, speak) and kāne (man) is called the kahakō. The kahakō prolongs a vowel.

It is important not to forget an ʻokina or a kahakō, because the word could have a very different meaning without them.

E

Imperative E

E is used before an action to signify a command or a suggestion. When you say, "E hele!", you're telling someone to "Go!"

Vocative E

E is used before a noun (usually a person) to indicate that the person is being addressed.

Ex. Mahalo, e Kawika. (Thanks, Kawika.) ➜ You are saying thanks to Kawika.

Mahalo

Mahalo is taught in this skill to express gratitude, to say "thank you", but it can also mean "to admire".

Lei

You may be familiar with the word lei as a noun but you'll notice that the word "lei" in this skill can also be used as a verb. This is quite common in ʻōlelo Hawaiʻi.

Determiners updated 2021-02-15 ^

Determiners

Ke vs. Ka

"Ka", "Ke" and "Nā" are determiners that can sometimes be translated as "the". Use ke when the noun that follows begins with the letters K, E, A, or O. Use ka with almost all others! This is commonly referred to as the KEAO rule. Warning: there will be exceptions (don't worry, we'll let you know which ones they are!).

Plurals: nā

is only used to say "the" when the noun is plural. Certain words like "wahine" are pronounced with a longer "ā" when plural and hence spelled with a kahakō (macron), "wāhine".

Kēlā & Kēnā

"Kēlā" and "Kēnā" both mean "that". The difference is kēlā refers to "that" which is away from the listener and kēnā refers to "that" which is near the listener. Cultural note of interest: Hawaiians are keenly aware of space and time.

So in terms of distance from the speaker, remember this order: kēia - kēnā - kēlā. (this - that (near the listener) - that over there)

Greetings and Goodbyes updated 2021-02-15 ^

Aloha

Aloha is used to express the feeling one feels when greeting someone or departing (it may be love, sorrow, joy, etc.). Therefore, this greeting of "aloha" always includes the speaker because "aloha" begins with the one who says it.

Personal Pronouns

"We"

ʻŌlelo Hawaiʻi has a few extra pronouns, in this skill you are introduced to two pronouns used for "we" which includes the listener. Think about it like, kāua= "you and I" = "WE 2" and kākou = "all of you and me" = "WE ALL". Eventually, you will learn that we also have two more pronouns for we that exclude the listener (māua and mākou).

ʻo ia

The subject pronouns "he" and "she" are always marked with the subject marker ʻo.

Polite Expressions updated 2021-02-15 ^

"Mai" directs the action toward the speaker and follows the action. "Mai" can also follow a few of the verbs in the Intro skill; hele, ʻōlelo and lei.

Personal Detail updated 2021-02-15 ^

ʻO wai

"ʻO" marks the proper noun subject but is also part of this particular grammatical structure.

ʻO wai kou inoa. literally means "Who is your name?".

Weather updated 2021-02-15 ^

O

This "O" without the ʻokina (glottal stop) means "of".

I

The "i" used in this skill is used to mark a time phrase.

Polalauahi

Polalauahi translates to "vog, haze" or the adjectives "voggy, hazy". Vog (don't confuse it with fog) is a contraction of volcano smog; it refers to the air pollution caused by a volcano.

Determiners 2 updated 2021-02-15 ^

A vs. O class nouns

No, weʻre not trying to make things difficult by having two classes of nouns. Hopefully this will clarify any confusion you may have in figuring out when to choose between “A” possessives and “O” possessives.

It is very important to understand that Hawaiians have a keen understanding of space, time and in this case, relations. Things that are possessed are divided into 2 classes and reflected in the use of the appropriate possessive.

“O” class possessions include primary relationships; relationships that are in place at birth, akua, makua, kupuna, siblings, cousins, also includes spatial relationships of one’s mauli to objects (often described as being underneath, on top or inside these things) like one’s house, car, canoe, chair, clothes or similar.

“A” class possessions include secondary relationships; relationships that one chooses, spouse, children, grandchildren, nieces and nephews, also includes things that you can choose to possess. If a possession can be both “O” or “A”, err on the side of “O”.

The best advice is to follow the examples given or ask if you’re wondering!

O and A Class updated 2021-02-15 ^

A vs. O class nouns

No, weʻre not trying to make things difficult by having two classes of nouns. Hopefully this will clarify any confusion you may have in figuring out when to choose between “A” possessives and “O” possessives.

It is very important to understand that Hawaiians have a keen understanding of space, time and in this case, relations. Things that are possessed are divided into 2 classes and reflected in the use of the appropriate possessive.

O class possessions include primary relationships; relationships that are in place at birth, akua, makua, kupuna, siblings, cousins, also includes spatial relationships of one’s mauli to objects (often described as being underneath, on top or inside these things) like one’s house, car, canoe, chair, clothes or similar.

A class possessions include secondary relationships; relationships that one chooses, spouse, children, grandchildren, nieces and nephews, also includes things that you can choose to possess. If a possession can be both “O” or “A”, err on the side of “O”.

The best advice is to follow the examples given or ask if you’re wondering!

Social Interactions updated 2021-02-15 ^

Aku

The particle aku is the opposite of the particle mai. Aku directs the action away from the speaker. Aku can also often change the meaning of certain verbs.

Mai English Aku English
aʻo mai to learn aʻo aku to teach
kūʻai mai to buy kūʻai aku to sell
uhaele mai to come uhaele aku to go

9 skills with tips and notes

 
3.155